Difference Between Hanukkah and Kwanzaa (With Table)

The world that we humans live in is quite diverse and unique. People belonging to various religions and communities reside in various parts of the world. These several communities and religions celebrate their culture and their festivities. There are several festivals that are celebrated by various people. However, these festivities do not have any sort of rules and restrictions regarding who can celebrate them. People can celebrate festivals no matter what their religion is because these festivals are all about happiness and prosperity.

People who migrate from their native countries also celebrate several festivals in whichever country they are in. People consider these festivals as a medium to spend time together with their loved ones and share their happiness. Two of such festivals are 1. Hanukkah and 2. Kwanzaa.

Hanukkah vs Kwanzaa

The difference between Hanukkah and Kwanzaa is the duration of these festivals. The duration for which Hanukkah is celebrated is eight days. On the other hand, the duration for which Kwanzaa is celebrated is seven days. There are other differences between these two festivals as well.

Hanukkah is a festival that is celebrated by the Jewish community in the majority. This festival honours the retrieval of Jerusalem during the second century BCE. It was recovered at the beginning of the Maccabean rebellion against the Seleucid Empire. This festival is also considered and known as the festival of lights because of the rituals that are followed and performed by the people.

Kwanzaa is a festival that is celebrated annually. It is a festival that celebrates the African-American community. The festival is completely based on the different harvest traditions that are followed in different parts of Africa. It is a cultural and ethnic festival. People exchange gifts, and their unity, creativity, faith, heritage, and culture is celebrated.

Comparison Table Between Hanukkah and Kwanzaa

比較のパラメータハヌカKwanzaa
意味DedicationFirstfruits
間隔Eight daysSeven Days
タイプJewish festival African-American festival
DatesLate November to late December, depending on the 25th of the Jewish month called “Kislev”.26 December to 1 January.
RitualsCandle lighting each night, singing themes, recitation of prayers, eating fried foods and dairy foods, exchanging gifts, and playing a game called “dreidel”.Singing songs, dancing, classic African drumming, storytelling and poetry recitation, eating foods.

ハヌカとは何ですか?

Hanukkah is a festival that is celebrated by the Jewish community in the majority. It is also celebrated by non-Jewish people. According to the Jewish months, Hanukkah is commenced on 25 Kislev, and it ends on 2 or 3 Tevet. Various rituals are performed by the people who celebrate Hanukkah. However, lighting candles is one of the most popular rituals that is performed during Hanukkah.

This festival honours the retrieval of Jerusalem during the second century BCE. It was recovered at the beginning of the Maccabean rebellion against the Seleucid Empire. This festival is also considered and known as the festival of lights because of the rituals that are followed and performed by the people.

Various rituals performed during Hanukkah include candle lighting each night, singing themes, recitation of prayers, eating fried foods and dairy foods, exchanging gifts, and playing a game called “dreidel”. The word “Hanukkah” literally means dedication or to dedicate in the Hebrew language. There are several other interpretations regarding the etymology of the word.

People celebrate this festival for eight days and find joy by performing the rituals. People get to spend quality time with their loved ones. This not only unites people but also commemorates the precious history of the religion. People enjoy performing these rituals and find this time of the year a joyous one.

What is Kwanzaa?

Kwanzaa is a festival that is celebrated annually. The word “Kwanzaa” means “first fruits” in the Swahili language. It is a Swahili phrase. This festival celebrates the harvest traditions that are followed by the people in various parts of Africa. Maulana Karenga created this festival in the year 1966.

It is a festival that celebrates the African-American community. The festival is completely based on the different harvest traditions that are followed in different parts of Africa. It is a cultural and ethnic festival. People exchange gifts, and their unity, creativity, faith, heritage, and culture is celebrated. 

Various rituals that are performed by the people during Kwanzaa include singing songs, dancing, classic African drumming, storytelling and poetry recitation, eating foods etc. People from Africa faced racism, and the main reason why Maulana Karenga created this festival is that he wanted black people to celebrate a festival that is different from the festivals that are celebrated by the dominant society. 

People celebrate this festival for seven days and find joy by performing the rituals. People get to spend quality time with their loved ones. This not only unites people but also commemorates the precious history of the community. People enjoy performing these rituals and find this time of the year a joyous one.

Main Differences Between Hanukkah and Kwanzaa

  1. The duration of Hanukkah is the right day. On the other hand, the duration of Kwanzaa is seven days.
  2. Hanukkah is a Jewish festival. On the other hand, Kwanzaa is mostly celebrated by African and African-American people.
  3. Hanukkah is also known as the festival of lights. On the other hand, there is no other phrase or term by which Kwanzaa is addressed.
  4. The dates of Hanukkah depends on the Jewish month Kislev every year. On the other hand, the days of Kwanzaa is fixed, and it is celebrated from 26 December to 1 January.
  5. Various rituals that are followed and performed during Hanukkah include candle lighting each night, singing themes, recitation of prayers, eating fried foods and dairy foods, exchanging gifts and playing a game called “dreidel”, on the other hand, the rituals that are followed and performed during Kwanzaa include singing songs, dancing, classic African drumming, storytelling and poetry recitation, eating foods.

結論

Both festivals are celebrated by a lot of people from various parts of the world, and even people who do not belong to the respective religions love to celebrate these festivals. These festivals carry their significance and have a special place in many people’s lives.

These festivals bring a lot of joy to many people’s lives as people perform various rituals and get to spend some quality time with their loved ones. People wait eagerly for these festivals and enjoy these times of the year. These festivals celebrate unity, addiction, and other attributes and bring immense joy to people’s lives.

参考文献

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/43727846
  2. https://search.proquest.com/openview/b6b1d71a627498cfad93b8e0610e6e4b/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=45348
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