Difference Between Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis (With Table)

Arteriosclerosis refers to thinning of arteries, and later it gets harden. This stops the circulation of blood in the body. Atherosclerosis is a type of Arteriosclerosis. This decreases the circulation of blood in the body. Arteriosclerosis depends on the size of arteries. Atherosclerosis can harden large arteries.

Arteriosclerosis vs Atherosclerosis

The difference between Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis is Arteriosclerosis is a condition in which the arteries in the body start getting thin and then get hard, which reduces the circulation of blood in the body. Atherosclerosis is a type of Arteriosclerosis. It also decreases blood circulation in the body.

Arteriosclerosis can occur when blood vessels start getting thick and then blocks the blood circulation to organs of the body. Arteries circulate blood to the organs of the body. Arteries lose their flexibility. The elasticity goes away then blocks the path from blood circulation, which later hardens the arteries in the body.

Atherosclerosis can occur in a body when the person is experiencing a high level of cholesterol in the body. Even high levels of triglyceride can lead to Atherosclerosis. Smoking is also a factor that can lead to Atherosclerosis. The symptoms can start with chest pain, vision problems, or ineffective talking.

Comparison Table Between Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis

Parâmetros de comparaçãoArteriosclerosisAtherosclerosis
DefiniçãoAtheromatous plaque causes arteries hardSimply hardening of arteries
AgingsimNão
Plaque BuildupNãosim
Cholesterol levelAltoDoes not matters
GenesAfetaDoes not affects
Heart ProblemssimNão

What is Arteriosclerosis?

This occurs when blood flows get restricted, and then fat cholesterol starts getting built on the walls of the arteries. This hardens the arteries and can affect mostly the heart. Arteriosclerosis leads to Atherosclerosis. This can cause many more diseases especially related to the heart.

Heart disease is the most happening disease. There are types of Arteriosclerosis that depend on the sizes of arteries. Atherosclerosis can harden large arteries. Moenckeberg medical calcific sclerosis can harden medium-sized arteries.

This can occur when blood vessels start getting thick and then blocks the blood circulation to organs of the body. Arteries circulate blood to the organs of the body. Arteries lose their flexibility. The elasticity goes away then blocks the path from blood circulation, which later hardens the arteries in the body.

This disease has no symptoms. Even the kidney fails in this disease. A person can even lose vision in one eye.

High blood pressure can even be a symptom of the disease. It can lead to obesity. The person with this disease can cause high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Diabetic persons are prone to this disease. A person belonging to a family who has a history of heart disease can cause this disease. Smoking can also cause this disease.

What is Atherosclerosis?

The reason for this disease is still unknown. It generally happens in childhood or even starts at late childhood. There is a formation of plague in the beginning. Endothelium gets damaged later. This can occur in a body when the person is experiencing a high level of cholesterol in the body.

Even high levels of triglyceride can lead to Atherosclerosis. Smoking is also a factor that can lead to Atherosclerosis. This disease does not have symptoms due to which person cannot identify the problem in the body at an early stage.

The symptoms give a signal when already arteries are mostly thin. The symptoms can start with chest pain, vision problems, or ineffective talking. The person has to undergo various medical tests to evaluate if the person has Atherosclerosis.

A person is told to take an MRI test, ultrasonography, and electrocardiogram. The first thing is to take care of the blood sugar and cholesterol in the body. The person has to maintain the levels in the body.

The person is a smoker. Then the person has to seize smoke. The physician gives antiplatelet medicines. These medicines prevent the body from blood clotting. The person has to eat a balanced diet and avoid eating oily foods.

Main Differences Between Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis

  1. Arteriosclerosis is a condition in which arteries get hardened due to atheromatous plaque, and Atherosclerosis is a condition of hardening of arteries simply.
  2. Arteriosclerosis can occur due to ageing but not Atherosclerosis.
  3. Plaque buildup can lead to Atherosclerosis but not Arteriosclerosis.
  4. Atherosclerosis can occur due to high cholesterol levels, but Arteriosclerosis cannot occur due to high cholesterol levels.
  5. Arteriosclerosis happens due to genes, but genes are not a factor in atherosclerosis.
  6. Heart problems can occur due to Atherosclerosis but not Arteriosclerosis.

Conclusão

Arteriosclerosis leads to Atherosclerosis. This can cause many more diseases especially related to the heart. Heart disease is the most happening disease. There are types of Arteriosclerosis that depend on the sizes of arteries. Atherosclerosis can harden large arteries.

The person has to undergo various medical tests to evaluate if the person has Atherosclerosis. A person is told to take an MRI test, ultrasonography, and electrocardiogram. The first thing is to take care of the blood sugar and cholesterol in the body.

The person has to maintain the levels in the body. The person is a smoker. Then the person has to seize smoke. The physician gives antiplatelet medicines. These medicines prevent the body from blood clotting. The person has to eat a balanced diet and avoid eating oily foods.

Atherosclerosis can occur in a body when the person is experiencing a high level of cholesterol in the body. Even high levels of triglyceride can lead to Atherosclerosis. Smoking is also a factor that can lead to Atherosclerosis.

The symptoms can start with chest pain, vision problems, or ineffective talking. Arteriosclerosis can occur when blood vessels start getting thick and then blocks the blood circulation to organs of the body.

Arteries circulate blood to the organs of the body. Arteries lose their flexibility. The elasticity goes away then blocks the path from blood circulation, which later hardens the arteries in the body.

Referências

  1. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19451401587
  2. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/hc0902.104353