Difference Between Espionage and Treason (With Table)

Spying is an act of collecting information about anything secretly. A spy can be used for good purposes and bad purposes also. Espionage and treason are types of spying but are different from each other, mostly related to the country and government. Here are some basic differences to differentiate between these two terms.

Espionage vs Treason 

The difference between espionage and treason is that the motive of these two types of spying is different. Espionage is the type in which an agent keeps all the information confidential and provides it for the development and safety of their own country. Treason is considered as betraying the own country by selling information to other countries.

Espionage is a type of process of keeping a look at some fields of the country or on a particular point and gather information and kept it confidential, then providing the information for the development and safety measures of the country. This type of spy act is considered good as the government must keep an eye on its entire sector to prevent manipulation events.

Treason is also a type of spying but considered a betrayal. In this type, the soy collects information about the government of its own country and sells those to enemy countries in exchange for a huge amount of profits or other delicacies. This is an act that is considered against the country, and when these types of spies are detected, they are given whole life imprisonment or death punishment.

Comparison Table Between Espionage and Treason

Parâmetros de comparaçãoEspionageTreason
DefiniçãoAn act for their own countryAn act against their own country
Information statusThe information remains confidential.The information is sold to others.
Trust mattersIs not betrayingConsidered betraying
Apontado porMaximum by the governmentMost of the time by enemy countries
TargetsTo know about the military status, natural resources, etc.To find weak points, planning of a country and arrange strong counterattacks.

What is Espionage?

Espionage is a type of process of keeping a look at some fields of the country or on a particular point and gather information and kept it confidential, then providing the information for the development and safety measures of the country. This type of spy act is considered good as the government must keep an eye on its entire sector to prevent manipulation events.

The thread between espionage and treason is very thin, and the only leakage of information can make a spy trustable to a betrayer. If a trustable agent of a country falls in the mirage of greed, the person becomes a betrayer to the country the person belongs to. In this case, the information collected is meant to be kept confidential and handed over to the government or the body from which is directed to do the work.

This process is not considered betraying. The agents are mostly appointed by the government to look after and collect correct information of some sectors that they consider most vital. The most common sectors where these spy agents are appointed are natural resources, military sector, counterintelligence operations, etc.

What is Treason?

Treason is also a type of spying but considered a betrayal. In this type, the soy collects information about the government of its own country and sells those to enemy countries in exchange for a huge amount of profits or other delicacies. 

This is an act that is considered against the country, and when these types of spies are detected, they are given whole life imprisonment or death punishment. These kinds of spies in law are termed traitors. 

They collect information about their military, border securities, even the head of the state, and the weakness of their own countries and hand over that information to the enemy states in exchange for huge profits. They open a grave for their own country and make it stepped forward for destruction.

Treason is considered betraying to the native country. These traitors or these treason agents are mostly appointed by the rival countries who want to harm the country. They collect this information and counter plan to attack the country to the weakest points.

The target of these agents is to collect the information of the planning of their native country against the country which appointed them. This information may contain the weak sectors of the country, the military forces information, the armor strength of the country, and even handing the sources of money or amours to the opponent country.

Main Differences Between Espionage and Treason

  1. Espionage is the act that is in for of one’s own country, and treason is the act done by a person against their own country.
  2. The information collected is kept confidential and handed over to the government of the country. On the other hand, in case of treason, the information is sold to another country.
  3. Espionage is not considered as betraying, but treason is betraying to the country the person belongs to.
  4. Espionage spy or agents are mostly appointed by the government, whereas treason agents are appointed by the enemy countries.
  5. Targets of espionage are to know about the military status, natural resources, etc., but on the other hand, the target of treason is to find weak points, planning of a country, and arrange strong counterattacks.

Conclusão 

 Collecting and the knowledge of the sectors of a country is a very good and positive point for the development of a country when it is in the hands of the head of state. When the same information is in the hands of the opponent, it becomes the most negative point for the country. This rivalry among the two countries leads to the formation of two kinds of agents those are these espionage spy and treason spy. 

Their works are the same, but a major difference occurs in the information handover matters. One hands it over to the native and is trustable, and the other hands it over to the rival and is termed as a traitor.

Referências

  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/denilp24&section=18
  2. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/cjil18&section=14