Diferença entre crime e contravenção (com tabela)

The crimes have been classified into two categories, namely felony and misdemeanor. The seriousness of a crime is what decides whether a crime will fall under the category of felony or misdemeanor.

Felony vs Misdemeanor

The difference between felony and misdemeanor is that felony includes crimes like murder, theft, etc. which are quite severe in nature. However, misdemeanor involves crimes that are less severe and do not impose any life danger on to others.

As felonies are crimes, which are more severe than that of misdemeanors, the jail sentence time here is pretty long.

Misdemeanor includes crimes such as shoplifting, etc. which is non-violent in nature. Therefore the punishment here often involves a fine imposed by the court. In some rare cases, a jail sentence can also be given to the guilty, in case of a misdemeanor, but that is not more than a year or so.

There are degrees in a felony to describe the seriousness of a crime. The first-degree felony is the most serious of all crimes. In misdemeanor, if the guilty has provided the jail time, then that time has to be served in the local jail of the state.


 

Tabela de comparação entre crime e contravenção (na forma tabular)

Parâmetro de ComparaçãoCrimeContravenção
Natureza do crimeOs crimes graves são crimes muito graves, uma vez que impõem danos a outras pessoas.No entanto, a contravenção entra na categoria de crimes menos graves.
PuniçãoComo o crime é um crime bastante sério, o culpado deve ficar preso por mais de um ano.Na contravenção, geralmente, uma multa é imposta ao culpado. Ele ou ela também pode ter que cumprir pena de prisão, o que seria menos de um ano.
Efeitos de cometer o crimeNo caso de um crime, os direitos da segunda emenda junto com o direito de votar e outros são rejeitados pelo tribunal.No entanto, em contravenção, não há efeito sobre a emenda de uma pessoa ou quaisquer outros direitos.
Right to have an attorneyUma pessoa acusada de um crime recebe um advogado do tribunal, se não puder pagar um por conta própria.O advogado não é fornecido se o acusado não puder pagar por ele.
ExemplosRobbery, kidnapping, aggravated assault, murder, etc.Invasão, furto em lojas, agressão geral, etc.

 

O que é crime?

The types of crimes that are considered to be much more severe than others are called felonies. They can either be violent or non-violent in nature.

Every state has different laws to deal with the felonies in their area. Usually, a jail-time of more than a year is ordered by the court in such cases. This jail time has to be spent in the federal prison rather than the local or county jail.

The one who is convicted of a felony is known as a felon. Some of the crimes that come under the category of felonies are murder, aggravated assault, rape, kidnapping, robbery, etc. However, crimes like tax evasion, etc. are also included in the felony.

This includes the most serious crimes, so the death penalty could also be imposed on the person who is guilty here. To understand felony simply, we can say that crime done against a person or property clarifies to be a felony.

 

O que é contravenção?

A misdemeanor includes crimes that are not as serious as in a felony. Some of these misconducts include shoplifting, trespassing, violation of traffic rules, larceny, etc.

The punishments in the case of a misdemeanor are usually a fine that is imposed on the convicted person. However, jail time is also ordered by a court in some cases, which is generally of less than a year. The jail time, in the case of a misdemeanor, has to be spent in county jail rather than a state prison.

There is another classification of crimes, you should know about, which is wobblers. Wobblers are crimes that might be considered as a felony or a misdemeanor, depending on the amount of harm you have done to a person or property. Various states do not have this classification of wobblers in their state laws.

A pena de multa em uma contravenção é típica de 1000$. No entanto, esse valor muda de estado para estado, dependendo das leis locais.

A misdemeanor might be a less severe crime, but if one does not consider hiring a lawyer, then this could affect them severely. Having an attorney will help you to understand your rights better while they represent you in the hearing.


Principais diferenças entre crime e contravenção

  1. Os crimes são o tipo de crime considerado muito grave, pois prejudica outras pessoas. No entanto, contravenções não são tão graves quanto enfrentar um crime.
  2. Levando em consideração a gravidade do crime em crime, pode-se ter que enfrentar uma pena de prisão de mais de um ano.
    Por outro lado, na contravenção, o condenado é acusado de multa punitiva. No entanto, em alguns casos, a pena de prisão de menos de um ano também é ordenada como punição.
  3. Em caso de crime, a pessoa condenada perde seus direitos, incluindo o direito de voto, direitos de segunda emenda, etc.
    No entanto, na contravenção, não é necessário perder esses direitos.
  4. No caso de um crime, se uma pessoa não está em condições de contratar um advogado, o tribunal fornece um. No entanto, tal coisa não acontece em caso de contravenção.
  5. Alguns exemplos de crimes são assassinato, roubo, agressão agravada, etc.
    Agressão geral, furto, direção embriagada são exemplos de contravenção.

 

Conclusão

The crimes are classified into two main categories, based on their nature, namely felony and misdemeanor.

Felonies are crimes that are very severe in nature. Crimes such as homicide, robbery, rape, etc. come under a felony.

On the other hand, misdemeanors are crimes that are not very serious in nature as in comparison to felonies. Such misconducts include larceny, drunken driving, trespassing, etc.

In a felony, the punishment is usually the jail time of more than a year, whereas, in misdemeanor, a fine is imposed on the convicted as punishment. Sometimes, jail time of no more than a year is also ordered by the judge in a misdemeanor.


 

Referências

  1. https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/10125/35147/1/Barkai_126UPaLRev88.pdf
  2. https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=114035