Diferença entre comércio exterior e investimento estrangeiro (com tabela)

A trade between two or more countries that connects their various markets is called foreign trade. An investment made by an organization or a particular individual in some other country is called as foreign investment.

Comércio exterior vs investimento estrangeiro

o difference between foreign trade and foreign investment is that trade involves the movement of goods while investment involves an objective to earn profits based on only monetary transactions. The prominent difference is that foreign trade deals with goods while foreign trade deals with capital. By capital, it means monetary underpinnings.

Also, another key difference between foreign trade and foreign investment is that foreign investment also involves the buying and selling of the goods along with the movement of goods.

O investimento estrangeiro está especificamente relacionado ao modelo de negócios particular 'A', câmbio de moeda e investimentos de capital.

Comparison Table Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment

Parâmetros de comparaçãoComércio exteriorInvestimento estrangeiro
ObjetivoOrientado para o lucroRetorno de longo prazo
VantagemMercados internacionaisCapital de longo prazo para uma empresa
IntençãoDotações de RecursosRequerimento de capital
ResultadoUm amálgama de vários mercadosInvestimento adicional ao mercado

O que é comércio exterior?

Trades are either done within a state, city, province, countries or between two or more countries. In the inflow of goods in a country is called import and the outflow of goods to other countries is called export.

O comércio exterior cria oportunidades para o produtor de bens ir além de seus próprios mercados. Tecnicamente, o comércio exterior envolve alcançar apenas os mercados estrangeiros.

Also, because the foreign goods enter the local markets, the local products too have to equalize their rates to be in the market which gives a tough competition to the local vendors and the exporters. It is often assumed that foreign products are better than domestic ones. But this may or may not be true.

O que é investimento estrangeiro?

Foreign investment involves the monetary handling of machinery, buildings, properties, etc which is a kind of investment done by a person or multinational companies outside the home country. This is done by purchasing some shares of a company to get a profit out of it or pooling in their own money and taking rights are a part of the company in a foreign land.

To make it simple, foreign investment is the inflow of monetary capitals (not goods) and funds. As understood that due to foreign trade practices, the local producers to indulge in investing their money in the foreign market.

O investimento é feito em termos monetários, investimento, compra de ações ou um título contratual.

Principais diferenças entre comércio exterior e investimento estrangeiro

Objetivo

The main objective of foreign trade is to ensure they gain profits by entering the international market through the import mechanism. The foreign investment seeps into the objective of gaining long term self-generated capital returns.

Os retornos do investimento estrangeiro podem incluir uma participação em uma empresa com sede em um país diferente.

O outro objetivo é que o comércio exterior conecte os mercados de dois ou mais países geograficamente separados do mundo por meio de uma determinada troca de mercadorias.

In contrast to foreign trade, foreign investment engages in further investment other than the goods only. The investment to or in the company is executed in the form of any technology, provision of resources or direct involvement of money.

Vantagem

A vantagem do comércio exterior é que ele conecta vários tipos de mercados específicos de diferentes países que estão marcados no globo.

On the other end of the spectrum, foreign investment calls out to engage in additional investment. This additional investment can be anything that resonates with the constant fast-tracked globalization.

Agora, cada país não possui necessariamente ou cria todos os tipos de recursos e, portanto, o comércio exterior é necessário para atender às necessidades de demanda de qualquer recurso específico.

Let’s say that the foreign trade fills in the deficient gaps of supply in a country. The foreign investment deals with fulfilling the capital requirement of other companies.

Ou seja, o dinheiro e os fundos investidos em uma empresa local são provenientes de uma fonte que é de outro mercado / nação.

Intenção

The intention is directly related to the wants of people and organizations. The intention of foreign trade is to quest the resource needs, requirements demand through trade taking place in order to address the gaps of demand.

Por exemplo, os Emirados Árabes Unidos não cultivam seus próprios vegetais.

The onions are imported from Karnataka, rice from Kerela, pulses from Maharashtra, etc. It can also be said that the foreign trade addressed ‘human-made’ needs while foreign investment deals with ‘human-want’ needs.

The intention of foreign investment is nested by foreign nations or out of country organizations to gain a percentage benefit in the profit of another countries business model. That means that they want the control, semi ownership and have a say in the management of that particular organization.

Resultado

As per the understanding through the objectives, advantages, and intention is that both the markets are profit drive; be it through goods inflow or outflow or capital investment.

 Foreign trade gives an opportunity to enter the global market and reach out to the places that would value goods and produces. The result is better income and creating a niche in the market.

A foreign investment gets a benefit to holding right and has a deciding power in the stakes of a company which is not a part of their country law. As every country has its own laws; be it legal or business, the foreign investors look at better long-term generated monetary returns.

Conclusão

In order to increase the country’s GDP i.e. gross domestic product, both foreign trade and foreign investments act as a catalyst to economic development.

Mas, ambos cientes de que o cenário social, econômico e político do país pode mudar; é importante ter conhecimento sobre alguns aspectos.

Estar ciente das taxas de juros flutuantes, valor da moeda, opções de investimento, mercado de ações, acordos comerciais, vendas e operações de manufatura usando as lentes de uma abordagem global é um parâmetro importante a ser considerado.

Referências

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1924829
  2. https://siepr.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/publications/302wp.pdf