Difference Between WLAN and LAN (With Table)

The traffic on the internet is increasing day by day. Internet providers are always looking for new, advanced, faster, secure, and easy to access options for their customers so that their experience is fruitful with the services. Every device comes with a different structure and composition, being equipped with various technologies. The gadgets include laptops, tablets, mobile phones, smartwatches, etc. The two of the most common networks used nowadays are LAN (Local Area Network) and WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network). 

WLAN vs LAN

The difference between WLAN and LAN is that WLAN stands for Wireless Local Area Network and LAN stands for Local Area Network. Both are network providers offering network services with varying costs, performance, and security levels.

WLAN stands for Wireless Local Area Network. This network type enables the transfer of data with the help of wireless transmitters and receivers. This does not use the typical data transfer done using the cables. WLANs are used in areas that require a large number of devices to connect to the internet at the same time.

LAN stands for Local Area Network. It can be described as a collection of network devices in a specific location, and all of them are connected via switches or routers, which helps in the transmission of data. Each network device uses a cable to connect itself to the switch or router.

Comparison Table Between WLAN and LAN

Parametri di confrontoWLANLAN
Sta perWireless Local Area NetworkLocal Area Network
Connection typeWireless technologiesIncludes both wired and wireless technologies.
Cost and securityExpensive to install and are less secure.Less expensive and more secure.
CoperturaLarge regions such as offices, buildings, stations, etc.Large areas such as buildings.
PrestazioneHigh performance; performance affected by bad weather.Good performance and it isn’t affected by the weather.
InterferenzaIt can be interfered with easily.It cannot be interfered with easily.
EsempiDesktops, laptops, tablets, and mobiles connected on Wi-Fi or hotspots networks.Desktop and laptop connected to LAN in a building or an office.

What is WLAN?

WLAN stands for “wireless local area network.” Many gadgets come pre-installed with Wi-Fi, where the users when in range of router can connect to the internet wirelessly. WLAN connections require both an infrastructure mode and an access point. They can be concurrently used by any device and all the devices when in the range of the router.

WLANs with signal interruptions have decreased speed and link frequency. The install of WLANs is costly, but it is relatively easy to use. Nowadays, all the devices are Wi-Fi ready, so all you need to establish the connection is the hardware system. WLAN is used in areas where a large no of devices have to be connected to network providers for the internet, but not necessarily at the same time. Nowadays, WLAN is also used at homes to connect laptops and mobile phones.

WLAN has better performance and rarely encounters interference if properly mounted. However, the distance between the device using the internet and the router has a direct impact on the connection’s speed and power. WLAN provides better protection and is one of the major advantages of this system. The network system is more stable as it has a built-in firewall that allows better protection of the network from any kind of link instability that can be caused by interference.

Che cos'è la LAN?

LAN internet connection makes use of Ethernet cables and adapters (mostly used in laptops and desktops). A hub or router is also required apart from these elements. The broadband routers help in establishing the internet connection making the process simple and giving good performance results. 

The establishment of LAN requires a central connection having a router and a network of cables to connect to all the computers. Many of the computers in the network are linked by switches. The switches and routers are installed using the network settings. LAN is installed in locations where a large no. of computers have to be connected to the internet at the same time, such as in offices or other buildings.

The network is wired, and a standard internet protocol is set for the proper operation of the network. The laptops have an in-built LAN port, so one only needs to set up a LAN connection on the laptop for accessing a service provider. LAN services have reasonable prices which can be afforded by everyone making it a cost-effective and convenient way to connect to the internet. 

Main Differences Between WLAN and LAN

  1. WLAN is a wireless network, while LAN is a wired network.
  2. WLAN is used in places where the devices using the internet are movable, while LAN is preferred in areas where devices are not easy to move, such as in cases of desktops.
  3. WLAN is more convenient for the users as it provides many befits than LAN.
  4. WLAN is much more secured and faster than LAN.
  5. WLAN gives a speed of 53mbps while LAN gives an internet speed up to 100mbps.
  6. WLAN, when in a gigabit network, gives an internet speed of 1000mbps while the LAN in such a network can give a speed up to 1Gbps.
  7. WLAN is suited for the transfer of small files, while LAN has an advantage in the transfer of large files due to the advantage of speed provided by it.  

Conclusione

People use the internet every day for various activities. The internet providers have tough competition to maintain the market and stay the first choice for the customers. The network providers continue to improve their services provided to the customers in order to fulfil the market demands.

WLAN is the wireless connection used for local area networking and is in high demand in the market. LAN is also used for local area networking, but it has connections via cable. This acts as a disadvantage as it does not allows the device to change its place. It can be used with desktops. WLAN is better suited for tablets, mobiles, laptops, etc, where the device is not attached to one place.

Riferimenti

  1. https://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-TXBM201110043.htm
  2. https://puso.pw/792.pdf
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