Difference Between Dumb and Stupid (With Table)

The understanding of books written in old English is challenging for the people dwelling in the present world. It is not at all easy to comprehend from the writings of an old book and old writer and what the writer wants to convey. This happens because the usage of various words has changed with time from then to now.

For example, according to old English language and vocabulary, silly was used to refer to being blessed and worthy. But now, silly is generally used to refer foolishly. Likewise, other words such as dumb and stupid have changed a lot over time. As English is widely spoken, it also encounters different slangs used by people around the globe. Dumb and Stupid are used frequently, and it’s very important to know the difference between these two terms to make perfect use of them.

Dumb vs Stupid

The difference between dumb and stupid is that dumb refers to a physical disability of a person not being able to speak. However, the term stupid does not refer to any such impaired disability in a person. In the sense of adjective, dumb refers to a specific person who can not speak or who does not possess the potential to utter. Whereas, in similar situation and parameters, the term stupid refers to a person who lacks intelligence or any action done by any person lacking intelligence.

Dumb is a state referring to a person who permanently lacks intellectual skills and does not improve over time. Dumb is used on a very informal basis. And it is used within a group of close companions very frequently. When a person possesses a physical disability of not being capable of speaking, then he is termed as dumb. As a verb and adjective, this word has its other usage in the English language as well. An example of a sentence using dumb is,” The countrymen thought that the president is dumb, but later they were proved wrong.”

Stupid referred to a person who commits an instantaneous mistake. It is used temporarily and not used to refer someone permanently. Stupid is used less frequently. However, it can be used only when the situation demands. Stupid is used as an adjective, noun and adverb as well. Stupidity is not a reference to any kind of physical disability. An example of a sentence using stupid is,” The brave girl finally committed a mistake being stupid “.

Comparison Table Between Dumb and Stupid

Parameter des VergleichsDumbDumm
AdjektivRefers to someone who can not speak or is not capable of speaking.Refers to someone who lacks intelligence or an act done by a person who lacks intelligence.
Meaning (s)As a verb, it refers to “silence.” As a noun, it refers to “stupid person,” and as an adverb means the term “extremely.”
Teile der RedeVerb and adjective. Noun, A adjective, and adverb.
ZustandDumb is a state referring to someone who permanently lacks the skills and does not change over time.Stupid referred to someone for the instantaneous mistake and is not used to refer someone permanently.
FrequenzUsed frequently.Weniger häufig verwendet.
ReferenzPhysical disability of not being able to speak.Stupid does not refer to any such physical disability.
BeispielThe whole family thought Edward is dumb, but later, he proved himself to everyone.Even intelligent people sometimes act stupid.

What is Dumb?

The term dumb refers to someone who can not speak or is not capable to speak. Dumb can also be used as a verb referring to silence. The usage of dumb in the English language can be done by verb and adjective. Dumb refers to the lack of potential in a person to not able to speak. This may happen due to congenital deafness. Animals are also considered as dumb as by birth they lack the capability of speaking.

In the present scenario, dumb is used for people who are impaired of hearing. Dumb is generally used in an informal way of using. If someone does something very foolish without giving a second thought to it, then the person is referred to as dumb. A person lacking intellectual capacity is also considered as dumb. The dumb actions done by people lacking intellectual capacity do not know that the actions done can be damaging or harmful.

Was ist dumm?

Stupid refers to a person lacking intellectuality and intelligence. However, it also refers to the actions done by a stupid person. This term has its wide range of meaning, for example as a noun it refers to a stupid person and as an adverb, it refers to “extremely”. Thus, this word can be used as an adjective, adverb and even noun as well.

A stupid is a person who is capable of making the right decisions but repeatedly make the same mistakes unknowingly. They are incapable of learning from their prior mistakes or experiences. They are also not able to think of the consequences of their actions. However, they can also be called downright stupid.

Main Differences Between Dumb and Stupid

  1. The term dumb in adjective point of view, refers to someone who can not speak or is not capable to speak. Whereas, the term stupid, in adjective point of view refers to someone who lacks intelligence or an act done by a person who lacks intelligence.
  2. Dumb can also be used as a verb referring to silence.  Whereas the term stupid in noun point of view refers to a stupid person and in adverb point of view means the term “extremely”.
  3. The usage of dumb in the English language can be done by verb and adjective. However, the usage of the term stupid in the English language can be done by a noun, adjective and adverb.
  4. Dumb is a state referring to someone who permanently lacks the skills and does not change over time. However, Stupid referred to someone for instantaneous mis- action or mistake and is not used to refer someone permanently.
  5. Dumb is used more informally frequently within a group of close companions. On the other hand, Stupid is used less frequently only when the situation demands.
  6. Dumb refers to a physical disability of not being able to speak. However, stupid does not refer to any such physical disability.
  7. Example of a sentence using dumb is, ” The whole University thought Bella is dumb until she topped University Examinations. ” Whereas, the example of a sentence using stupid is, ” Edward’s decision of giving the resignation showed how stupid he can be”.

Fazit

English as a language is very dynamic. It keeps changing with changing time. English is one of the most popular languages that is widely spoken across the globe in all big and economically rich countries in the world. A lot of modifications and improvements can be seen in between the old English and the modern-day English.

Dumb and stupid are two such words that are used often but there are differences between them and their usage. Dumb is a state referring to someone who permanently lacks intelligence, wit and intellectuality. However, it also refers to someone who can not speak by birth. Stupid refers to a person having skills but who do not know how to utilise them. But rather repeatedly does the same mistake again and again.

Verweise

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=xtmQCzIeqTMC&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=dumb+and+stupid&ots=1SsWv6JmYg&sig=YYR16A3fMHFZmMi8wfTf5osBUcc
  2. https://www.alife.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/collections_ECAL93-1090-1103-Webb.pdf
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