Difference Between Methodist and Presbyterian (With Table)

A denomination of Protestant Christianity led to the two movements, i.e. Methodist and Presbyterian, believed to be started in the British Isles and quickly became popular in the 18th century by gathering a large number of followers both in England and New England (USA). Both Methodist and Presbyterian emerged because they wanted to revive the Church of England just like Martin Luther King wanted to revive the Catholic Church.

Methodist vs Presbyterian

The difference between Methodist and Presbyterian is their beliefs and church. For instance, the process of Salvation is different in both Churches. While Methodist believe that Salvation can be given by any member who believes in good deeds and God. Whereas Presbyterians believe that Salvation can only be given by God. 

Methodist Movement or also known as Methodism, was started by a man named John Wesley and his brother Charles in the 18th century who felt that it is important to revive the Church of England. Due to his doctrine of practices and belief, it became a separate division in Christianity. Methodists believe that Jesus Christ died for humanity, to save the world, and that salvation is for all.

Presbyterian or Presbyterianism is the type of church government which are governed by the elders. It finds its root way back from the Church of Scotland. It originated from the Reformation Movement in the 16th century. Presbyterians have a lot of similarities to Calvinists. Hey, believe in the Doctrine of Grace which states the sovereignty of God and that Salvation can only be granted by God himself. 

Comparison Table Between Methodist and Presbyterian

Parameter of ComparisonMethodistPresbyterian
Origin The Methodist movement was started as a revival movement in the 18th century.Presbyterians originated from the Reformation of the 16th century, heavily influenced by Calvinism.
FounderIt was founded by a religious vigilante, John Wesley.It was founded by John Knox, a former Catholic Priest.
Worship GuideThe Methodist Church employs a worship guide known as ‘The Directory of Worship’.The Presbyterian Church employs a worship guide known as ‘The Book of Discipline’. 
SalvationIt believes in the deeds, and that salvation is for all. It believes in predestination, and salvation can be done by God only.
FaithThey believe that person saved from purgation can be lost again.They believe that person saved from purgation is saved for a lifetime.

What is Methodist?

Methodism or the movement followed by the people are known as Methodists. Derived from Protestant Christianity and started as a revival movement by John Wesley in the 18th century, it gained popularity and was spread in the British empire and the USA. John Wesley wanted to reform the Church of England from within, but the movement led to the establishment of a separate church.

World Methodist Church became the association of Methodist Church. Now it has almost 40.5 million followers all over the world. Because of the neglected behaviour of the Church of England and lack of Christain faith, they started the movement and led emphasis on the Bible and its teachings. They also focussed on the salvation and the power of the Holy Spirit, which enables anyone to feel the presence and love of God.

All the people or followers who believe in Methodism or are Methodist accept the scriptures of the Bible to be the perfect guide to their belief and faith. As taught by Weasley, the methodist considers teachings as the perfect love. Hymns play an important role in the Methodist Church. Hymns devised by Weasley are still sung today mingled with contemporary times.

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What is Presbyterian?

Presbyterian was started as a part of the Reformation in 16th-century England. It was heavily influenced by John Calvin, John Knox and his followers who introduced the theology of Calvinism. In England, if we see the Reformed Churches, then we can find that it has a Scottish connection, and most of the churches are a Presbyterian form of Church.

There are many divisions within Presbyterians. At each level, there are a congregation of people who elect members to become the pastor or synod. The general assembly and the council members decide that who will become the head of Presbytery Church. The whole system of Presyteriansm depends on the confessions of faith. Confessions play an important role for Presbyterians.

They have a Doctrine of Grace which believes that God chose certain special persons for Divine Grace. They also believe in the concept of Predestination means that God knows what will happen in the future and sovereignty, which means God will decide what is good for us, and we humans can’t change that thing, and everything will occur as envisioned by God.

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Main Differences Between Methodist and Presbyterian

  1. The Methodist Movement was started as a revival movement in the 18th century. Presbyterian Movement originated from the Reformation of the 16th century, heavily influenced by Calvinism.
  2. Methodism was founded by a religious vigilante, John Wesley. Presbyterianism was founded by John Knox, a former Catholic Priest and John Calvin.
  3. The Methodist Church follows a worship guide known as ‘The Directory of Worship’. The Presbyterian Church follows a worship guide known as ‘The Book of Discipline.’
  4. Methodist believes in the good deeds done by the people, and that salvation is for all. Presbyterians believe in the concept of predestination, and salvation can be done by God only.
  5. Methodists believe that person saved from purgation can be lost again. Presbyterians believe that person saved from purgation is saved for a lifetime.

Conclusion

Both Presbyterians and Methodist are followers of Jesus Christ, who is the lord and saviour. Both came from the denomination of Protestanism, although both have different practices, faiths and belief system. But when it comes to Christianity, Presbyterians and Methodist are way different from each other. One believes that only God has the right to ordain the Divinity, whereas others believe that if we are a good Christian, divinity can come to us by any means. While Methodists theology is entirely based on the concept of sanctification of faith, Presbyterians believe in the power of Grace, i.e. Holy Spirit.

References

  1. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=7478024
  2. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=5680277
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Last update on 2021-04-29 / Amazon Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API