Difference Between Sensation and Perception

to-date knowledge about the inner and outside worlds? Sensation is the initial perception of stimuli made by a particular sensory organ. The information from the outside world enters our brain through this mechanism.

Perception is the process through which we evaluate the experiences we receive in our daily lives and then take appropriate action. An individual identifies, interprets, and gives meaning to the data provided by sensory organs during this process.

The terms “sensation” and “perception” are often used interchangeably because they refer to cognitive processes, but there is a subtle distinction between the two in that perception is the interpretation of information obtained through sensations, whereas sensation is a process that doesn’t require our active participation. Therefore, it is a mental activity that acquaints us with the situation by giving us firsthand information about it.

Sensation vs Perception

The idea of sensation and perception describes how people interact with their environment. But what exactly are perception and sensation? Despite being two different processes, sensation and perception are complementary aspects of one another. Sensory stimuli are collected from the environment and delivered to the brain during feeling and perception.

Our sensory receptors provide us with information about the physical environment through sensation. On the other hand, the method by which the brain chooses arranges, and interprets these experiences is called perception.

The initial step in forming views of the outside world is sensation. Humans are capable of converting environmental sensory inputs into signals that the brain can understand through experience. Perception can start to happen once the signals have reached the brain.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSensationPerception
MeaningThe process by which our sense organs gather data from the environment is referred to as sensation.The process through which the brain chooses,combines,arranges and interprets sensory data is implied by the term perception.
SourceThe stimuli that sensory organs receive.The brain is given information.
Deals withRude behavior that is heavily dependent on physiological processes.Complex, with a psychological and cognitive process.
Results inPerceptionChange in attitude
ExampleA sensation occurs when the ear is activated to hear a sound.Inference of what is being heard is perception.

What is Sensation?

Sensation refers to the process through which a person’s unique sensory receptors and nervous system collect and represent stimulus energies from their surroundings. It is the physical sense organ or organism’s initial reaction to a stimulus, or we may say that it stimulates the operation of these organs. It is a bodily ailment or sensation brought on by the stimulation of the senses. A variety of physical stimuli are detected and encoded throughout this process.

It is the immediate perception of stimulus qualities such as warmth, coldness, softness, and volume as a result of the stimulation of a sensory organ. When sensory organ receptors are active, different types of external stimuli are converted into neural signals in the brain.

Our nervous system and sensory receptors use feeling as a cognitive process to collect and represent stimulus energy from the outside world.

Sensation has numerous characteristics, including

  1. Quality: Each feeling has its own quality, which varies across all sensations. Additionally, the sensations obtained by various sensory organs may differ. In actuality, distinct sensations might come from the same sensory organ.
  2. Strength or intensity: The strength or intensity of the sensation might also vary. Additionally, a person’s mental state and the stimulus’s objective strength both affect how intense a sensation is.
  3. Sensation’s duration is determined by how long the stimulus lasts or has the desired impact.

What is Perception?

Simply put, perception can be described as something that is felt by intuition. Perception is a process that enables people to arrange and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give the information they receive meaning. It is the meaningful interpretation of the information the brain receives from the senses.

However, it is also true that what a person experiences might or might not match the ultimate reality. Each person approaches life in a unique way, and how they act is heavily influenced by how they perceive the world.

It is a cognitive process that includes filtering or altering the raw data obtained via feeling in order for a person to make sense of the environmental stimuli, which can influence all of the senses. Past experiences, emotions, and motivations serve as the basis for categorizing inputs.

A person’s perception of himself and the world around him strongly influences how he behaves because it is the main source of information about the outside world. It can also be described as how a person perceives the outside world.

Main Differences Between Sensation and Perception


  1. While information supplied to the brain through feeling is the source of perception..
  2. Sensation leads to perception, which prompts interpretation and the ascription of significance to the data acquired.
  3. Sensation is a general biological process.
  4. Sensation is the procedure for gathering data using our five senses.
  5. Sensation happens when the brain receives information from the sensory organs.


  1. Perception sits between a response and a sensation.
  2. Perception procedure has an inside feel about it.
  3. Perception is a dynamic process.
  4. Perception is a process that is partially inherited and partially learned.
  5. Both subjective and objective aspects are possible.
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