Organic Farming vs Sustainable Agriculture: Difference and Comparison

What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming is an agricultural method that prioritizes natural and sustainable strategies. It prohibits the use of synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, and genetically changed organisms (GMOs), relying instead on natural dependents, compost, and useful bugs for soil fertility and pest control.

Crop rotation, cowl cropping, and accomplice planting are commonplace practices to keep soil health and biodiversity. Livestock in organic farming are raised with an emphasis on humane remedies, access to pasture, and natural feed. Certification is regularly required to fulfil strict natural standards.

Organic farming promotes environmental stewardship, reduces chemical runoff, and produces food with fewer artificial residues. It additionally instructions premium costs inside the market, reflecting purchaser calls for healthier, green alternatives.

What is Sustainable Agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture is a holistic farming approach aimed toward a lengthy time period of environmental, financial, and social viability. It seeks to stabilize the desires of present and future generations by means of optimizing useful resource use.

Sustainable practices range, however, encompass crop rotation, conservation tillage, and incorporated pest management. Emphasis is positioned on soil fitness, employing techniques like organic depend incorporation and cowl cropping. Water conservation measures, consisting of drip irrigation and rainwater harvesting, are employed to mitigate aid depletion.

Biodiversity is promoted through strategies like agroforestry and habitat preservation. Sustainable agriculture strives for economic viability by minimizing entry costs and diversifying profit sources. It also places a sturdy emphasis on community engagement, ethical remedies for animals, and reducing the industry’s usual environmental footprint.

Difference Between Organic Farming and Sustainable Agriculture

  1. Organic farming is defined as the type of farming where traditional farming practices are followed and no harmful chemicals, machinery, genetically modified seeds, etc, are used. On the other hand, sustainable agriculture is defined as an approach followed by the farmers to maintain the balance between the environment and economic profit.
  2. In organic farming, the farmers use traditional methods to control the invasion of pests and diseases like – the introduction of beneficial pests, physical barriers, and companion planting. In sustainable agriculture, the primary approach of the farmers is to control the pest and diseases and uses methods like – organic pest control, integrated pest management, etc.
  3. The use of chemical fertilizers is avoided or forbidden in organic farming, and instead, natural fertilizers like – compost, organic manure, and matter are utilized. Whereas in sustainable agriculture, the farmers use organic matter, compost, manure, and synthetic or chemical fertilizers in the fields.
  4. In organic farming, GMO crops are avoided, while at the same time, in sustainable agriculture, the farmers use both organic and genetically modified seeds. 
  5. Organic farming relies on traditional practices and focuses on preserving heritage traditions. In sustainable agriculture, the approach is open to various innovations and research and may include organic farming as one of its methods. 

Comparison Between Organic Farming and Sustainable Agriculture

Parameter of ComparisonOrganic FarmingSustainable Agriculture
DefinitionIt is defined as the type of farming where the traditional farming practices are followed and no harmful chemicals, machinery, genetically modified seeds, etc usedIt is defined as an approach followed by the farmers to maintain the balance between the environment and economic profit
Pest and Disease ControlThe farmers use traditional methods to control the invasion of pests and diseases like – the introduction of beneficial pests, physical barriers, and companion plantingThe primary approach of the farmers is to control the pest and diseases and uses methods like – organic pest control, integrated pest management, etc
FertilizersThe use of chemical fertilizers is avoided, and instead, natural fertilizers like – compost, organic manure, and matter is utilizedThe farmers use both organic matter, compost, manure, and synthetic or chemical fertilizers in the fields
Genetic Modified CropsIn organic farming, the use of GMOs is forbiddenThe farmers use both organic and genetically modified seeds
Risk ManagementIn organic farming, the risk is higher as it uses traditional methods and is slower to respondIn this approach, there is a diversified approach and is less risk
Research and InnovationThe farming relies explicitly on traditional practices and focuses on preserving the heritage traditionsThe approach is open to various innovations and research and may include organic farming as one of its methods
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Food Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to food

1 / 10

Washing of peeled vegetables removes the vitamin?

2 / 10

A Substance Needed By The Body For Growth, Energy, Repair And Maintenance Is Called A _______________.

3 / 10

We look like strawberry but we are not. What are we?

4 / 10

What type of food is sushi?

5 / 10

What type of measuring cup is best for measuring liquids?

6 / 10

How many teaspoons in 1 tablespoon?

7 / 10

Citrus fruits are an excellent source of _______?

8 / 10

Rockmelons are an excellent source of which vitamin, which can also be found in oranges?

9 / 10

Which food group is composed of high fiber foods like granola, whole wheat bread, and oatmeal?

10 / 10

What is the dairy product made by churning cream or milk?

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References

  1. https://compass.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2009.00268.x
  2. https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/200293/

Last Updated : 24 January, 2024

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