Difference Between Civil Law and Criminal Law

Key Takeaways

  1. Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or organizations, such as contract disputes or property rights.
  2. Criminal law deals with crimes against society, such as murder or theft, and the punishment of offenders.
  3. Civil law cases are typically resolved through financial compensation or equitable relief, while criminal law cases may result in imprisonment or fines.

What is a Civil Law?

 Civil law is a comprehensive system of rules and principles arranged in codes easily accessible to citizens and jurists. It clearly expresses and duties of civil citizens and has complete access to all the country’s citizens. The word Civil law is a translation of the Latin word “just civile”, which means citizens’ law.


Law Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to law

1 / 10

What type of law governs the enforcement of contracts?

2 / 10

A promise made without intention to perform is

3 / 10

An agreement made without free consent is

4 / 10

A sells, by auction, to B a horse that A knows to be unsound. A says nothing to B about the horse's unsoundness. A does

5 / 10

What type of law governs the protection of individual rights and freedoms?

6 / 10

What is meant by the term "penalty" in law?

7 / 10

In _________, there is intent to evade the normal fulfillment of a pre-existing obligation.

8 / 10

What type of law is based on judicial decisions and precedents?

9 / 10

_______ is a rule of conduct, just, obligatory, and laid down by a legitimate power.

10 / 10

Facts alleged by one party and denied by another in a case are termed as?

Your score is


All the proceedings under Civil law are followed from the code of civil procedure 1908. It is a law code and is the primary source of Civil law. It is a systematic collection of interrelated articles arranged by subject experts in a predefined order. These codes explain the principles of law rights and how basic legal mechanisms work.

Civil law applies in cases where an injury is caused to an individual by an act or behaviour of another person. The acts committed by the party here are generally not crimes. It is a law in which cases are tried under tribunals and civil courts relating to that. The damages caused to the parties are resolved by paying the compensation amount and not through imprisonment. The branches of civil law include contract, tort, family, administrative and commercial law.

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law is a law that relates crime and punishments. It deals with all the offences that are against conventional society. It focuses on an individual’s crimes rather than just violating civil rights.

Criminal law is applied when there is any harmful or endangering act by any individual on the health or property of the person. Unlike civil law, it focuses on punishment rather than compensation while resolving issues. The acts constituting under criminal law are often more grievous than those under Civil law.

The cases under criminal law are tried under the session court or criminal quotes. The procedures under criminal law are carried out according to the code of criminal procedure. This code of criminal procedure also provides information about the procedures for investigating different types of crimes, collection of evidence, apprehension of criminals, and proper direction toward the punishment for specific crimes.

Difference Between Civil Law and Criminal Law

  1. Procedural law for civil law is according to the code of civil procedure given in 1908. Whereas. Criminal law follows the code of criminal procedure given and 1973.
  2. Branches of civil law include corporate law, family law, media law, sports law, property law, etc. In contrast, there is no divergence in criminal law.
  3. Civil Law cases can be filed directly to the court, whereas criminal cases often must be registered in the police office before the court director.
  4. The cases under Civil law are tribal under Civil Court. In contrast, the cases under criminal law are tried in sessions court or Criminal Court.
  5. Civil law has dispute resolution machinery. On the other hand, criminal law has retribution machinery.

Comparison Between Civil Law and Criminal Law

Parameter of ComparisonCivil LawCriminal Law
Meaning It is a law that deals with acts related to individuals whose harm caused can be repaired by compensation. It is a law that deals with a crime that causes damage to a person.
JusticeJustice is given by giving monetary relief against the damages.Justice is given by giving imprisonment for a term or fine or both
ObjectiveIts objective is to resolve disputes between individualsIts objective is to provide justice to victims by punishing the accused.
InfringementIt is an infringement of private rights.It is an infringement of public rights
ExamplesNegligence, trespass, invasion of privacy, etc.Kidnapping, theft, Murder, rape, etc.

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!

  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/hastlj42&section=37
  2. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/ylr101&section=75
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *