Adenine vs Adenosine: Difference and Comparison

Each particle in chemistry gets its chemical name from its chemical properties and features. In chemistry, chemical groups are formed based on the characteristics they have.

Key Takeaways

  1. Adenine is a nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA, while adenosine is a nucleoside composed of adenine and ribose sugar.
  2. Adenine is one of the four nucleotide bases that make up DNA, while adenosine is an important signalling molecule in the body.
  3. Adenine plays a crucial role in the genetic code, while adenosine is involved in various physiological processes, including sleep, immune function, and inflammation.

Adenine vs Adenosine

Adenine is one of the four nucleobases that pair with thymine (in DNA) or uracil (in RNA) during DNA replication and protein synthesis. Adenosine is a nucleoside, a combination of a nitrogenous base (adenine) and five-carbon sugar (ribose). Adenosine is the molecule that carries signals inside the body.

Adenine vs Adenosine

Adenine is a Nucleobase which is a purine. This means that its derivative is a purine.

Adenosine is a nucleoside that occurs naturally in the human body’s cells. This chemical is used as a cure when a patient goes through fast heartbeat rates.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAdenineAdenosine
TypeAdenine is a molecule having a nucleobase.Adenosine is a molecule having a nucleoside.
Chemical formulaThe chemical formula of Adenine is C5H5N5.The chemical formula of adenosine is C10H13N5O4.
FunctionAdenine is a chemical compound that naturally occurs as a pure Nucleobase in the human body’s cells.Adenosine is a chemical compound that is a Nucleoside that occurs naturally in the cells of the human body.
StructureAdenine occurs in a variety of tautomer forms.Adenosine occurs by a combination of adenine and the ribose sugar molecule.
Molecular massThe molecular mass of adenine is 135.13 g/mol.The molecular mass of adenosine is 267.24 g/mol.

What is Adenine?

Adenine is a Nucleobase which is a purine. This means that its derivative is a purine. This is important to build up a structure of nucleic acid.

For nucleic acids, adenine acts as the nitrogenous base. Trimotors of adenine are all considered equivalent to nucleic acids.

The chemical formula of Adenine is C5H5N5. This depends on similarity features such as base elements, type of bonds, and the other parts.

adenine

What is Adenosine?

Adenosine is a nucleoside that occurs naturally in the human body’s cells. This chemical is used as a cure when a patient goes through fast heartbeat rates.

This molecule has a base of the compound of a sugar molecule and a glycosidic molecule. Adenosine is a chemical compound that is a Nucleoside that occurs naturally in the cells of the human body.

Adenosine serves various physiological functions by acting as a neurotransmitter. This helps in the binding of muscles and vessels of blood.

adenosine

Main Differences Between Adenine and Adenosine

  1. Adenosine is a chemical compound that is a Nucleoside that occurs naturally in the cells of the human body. On the other hand, adenine is a chemical compound that naturally occurs as a pure Nucleobase in the human body’s cells.
  2. The chemical formula of Adenine is C5H5N5; on the other hand, the chemical formula of adenosine is C10H13N5O4.
  3. Adenine is a molecule with a nucleobase; on the other hand, adenosine is a molecule with a nucleoside.
  4. Adenine occurs in various tautomer forms; conversely, adenosine appears by combining adenine and the ribose sugar molecule.
  5. The molecular mass of adenine is 135.13 g/mol; on the other hand, the molecular mass of adenosine is 267.24 g/mol.
Difference Between Adenine and Adenosine
References
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0008621584853987
  2. https://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/6/1/13.short
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