Difference Between Black Mustard and Brown Mustard (With Table)

Mustard is mainly of three types and it is found in four colors. These four colors can be yellow or white, black or brown. True black is considered a staple and rare and if a recipe calls for the use of black or brown mustard, then brown is used. Similarly, yellow and white are used interchangeably. Black and brown mustard is considered to have more power, hence it is used in food. Mild mustard has less potency than it, so it is used in other things.

Black Mustard vs Brown Mustard

The main difference between black mustard and brown mustard is that black mustard is a little bigger whereas brown mustard is smaller in size. The black mustard seed is more pungent in taste while the brown mustard has an acrid taste. Both are round in shape. Both mustards are most common in Indian cooking.

Black mustard is strong in flavor. It is used in daily cooking. In Asian countries, black mustard is used in so many things. It is considered a good home remedy. It is used as medicine. It is used in making pickles and other recipes. This mustard comes from Brassica Nigra where nigra indicates black. It is most common in Asia Minor and the Middle East. 

Brown mustard is not as strong as black mustard. It is used for seasoning meals. Brown mustard comes from Brassica Juncea where Juncea denotes brown color. The origin of brown mustard is from the Himalayas. They are also known as Asian mustard because they are very common in Asian countries. In Asian countries, spices and seeds are produced on a large scale. 

Comparison Table Between Black Mustard and Brown Mustard

Parameters of comparisonBlack MustardBrown Mustard
DefinitionBlack mustard is strong in flavor. It is used in daily cooking. Brown mustard is from the Himalayas. It is mainly for vegetable oils. 
Shape and SizeThey are round in shape but a little bigger.They are also round in shape but a little smaller in size. 
TaxonomyThis mustard comes from Brassica Nigra where nigra indicates black. Brown mustard comes from Brassica Juncea where Juncea denotes brown color.
UsesApart from cooking, black mustard is also used as physical therapy. Black mustard oil is used to treat cold, cough, joint and muscle pain, and arthritis. Its seeds are used to relieve water retention (edema) by increasing vomiting, increasing urine output, and increasing appetite.There are several uses of brown mustard for example, for industrial purposes, for cake and bakery, for food, etc.
Ranges It is most common in Asia Minor and the Middle East.They are very common in Asian countries.

What is Black Mustard?

Apart from cooking, black mustard is also used as physical therapy. Black mustard oil is used to treat cold, cough, joint and muscle pain, and arthritis. Its seeds are used to relieve water retention (edema) by increasing vomiting, increasing urine output, and increasing appetite.

Black mustard has a pungent aroma and is considered good in taste. It is considered the most common in Indian cooking. Black mustard is often used in oil form, making it sweet and mild, giving off a nutty aroma.

Black mustard is strong in flavor. It is used in daily cooking. In Asian countries, black mustard is used in so many things. It is considered a good home remedy. It is used as medicine. It is used in making pickles and other recipes. This mustard comes from Brassica Nigra where nigra indicates black. It is most common in Asia Minor and the Middle East.

This was first described by a German botanist Karl Koch, in Deutschl F. In the UK, people take hot mustard baths which help in recovery from cold. The other name of black mustard is Senafitch which is an Amharic name. The leafy part is used in cooking. It is also helpful in muscular pain. 

What is Brown Mustard?

Mustard seed flavor is always mild and subtle, becoming less pungent when it is added to ingredients such as curry pastes, sauces, or stews. Like most seeds, toasting enhances the oil of the seeds and helps to enhance their flavor and aroma.

In Asian countries, brown mustard is mainly used in the production of spices and oils. This mustard oil contains a toxic erucic acid, so it is not imported much abroad. Brown mustard is not as strong as black mustard. It is used for seasoning meals. Brown mustard comes from Brassica Juncea where Juncea denotes brown color. 

The origin of brown mustard is from the Himalayas. They are also known as Asian mustard because they are very common in Asian countries. In Asian countries, spices and seeds are produced on a large scale. 

They have a higher concentration of brown mustard seed. They are most common and used in Indian, Chinese, and Japanese cuisines. It is related to rapeseed and grown for vegetable oil. There are several uses of brown mustard for example, for industrial purposes, for cake and bakery, for food, etc. The seeds of brown mustard constitute 30-40% of vegetable oil but contain a small proportion of protein. It contains a strong enzyme called myrosin. 

Main Differences Between Black Mustard and Brown Mustard

  1. Both are round in shape but Black mustard is bigger whereas brown mustard is a little smaller. 
  2. Black mustard is a little strong in flavor whereas brown mustard is not strong in flavor. 
  3. Black mustard comes from Brassica Nigra whereas Brown mustard comes from Brassica Juncea.
  4. Black mustard is used in daily cooking whereas brown mustard is used in seasoning foods. 
  5. Black mustard has a pungent aroma and is considered good in taste.  Brown mustard has an acrid taste. 
  6. Black mustard contains no acid whereas Brown mustard contains toxic erucic acid, so it is not imported much abroad. 

Conclusion

So here we conclude that black mustard and brown mustard are not the same. They differ in size, color, and their effect and uses. Black mustard is bigger as compared to brown mustard. Both are round in shape but size and color are different. The black mustard seed is more pungent in taste while the brown mustard has an acrid taste. Both mustards are most common in Indian cooking. Black mustard comes from Brassica Nigra where nigra indicates black. It is most common in Asia Minor and the Middle East. Brown mustard comes from Brassica Juncea where Juncea denotes brown color. The origin of brown mustard is from the Himalayas. So this is how they are different from each other.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308814615006007
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1439-037X.2003.00047.x
  3. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ioanna-Kakabouki/publication/344019004_Effect_of_organic_and_inorganic_fertilization_on_weed_flora_and_seed_yield_in_black_mustard_Brassica_nigra_L_Koch_crops/links/5f4f339492851c250b88c782/Effect-of-organic-and-inorganic-fertilization-on-weed-flora-and-seed-yield-in-black-mustard-Brassica-nigra-L-Koch-crops.pdf
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