Difference Between Black Mustard Seed And Yellow Mustard Seed

Mustard seeds are tiny spherical seeds that grow on various mustard plants. These seeds are typically 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter and can range in color from yellow, white, or black.

Black mustard seeds and yellow mustard seeds are both multipurpose spices that may be used to add tanginess and richness to your meal. They are alike in some aspects, yet they also have substantial variances.

Black Mustard Seed vs Yellow Mustard Seed

The main difference between black mustard seeds and yellow mustard seeds is that the outside of black mustard seeds is significantly darker. They are not, in fact, black. Their hue is generally dark brown with a crimson tint, whereas yellow mustard seeds are either yellow or white.

Black vs Yellow Mustard Seed

Black mustard seeds have a befitting reputation for its strong fiery scent and taste, and they are a popular component in Indian cuisine. The aroma of black mustard is stronger than that of brown mustard, and it is difficult to find these days. They must be selected by hand, making the cultivation more labor-intensive and costly.

Yellow mustard seeds are commonly used to season lentils and other Indian dishes. They are yellow in color and have a moderate texture and aroma. These seeds can be coarsely ground to produce a cloud of smooth dust or mashed and toasted to make aromatic and flavourful dishes. In the industry, yellow mustard seeds come in a range of hues which are used for several purposes.

Comparison Table Between Black Mustard Seed And Yellow Mustard Seed

Parameters of ComparisonBlack Mustard SeedYellow Mustard Seed
OriginBlack mustard seed originated from the Middle EastYellow mustard seed originated from the East Mediterranean region.
Size and shapeThey are smaller than a yellow mustard seed and are roundThey are round in shape and a little bigger in size than black ones.
ColourDark brown to black in color Yellow or white in color
TasteBlack mustard seed has a powerful pungent tasteYellow mustard seed has a moderate taste.
UsageUsed in nearly all meals since it adds a strong flavor.Commonly used for hot dogs, sandwiches, and hamburgers, among other things.


What is Black Mustard Seed?

Black mustard seeds are said to have originated from the Middle East; however, they are now primarily utilized in India. While mustard traces back to Ancient Egypt, the processed form was invented by the Romans. They crushed mustard seeds and then mixed these with wine to produce a mixture akin to the ready mustard we consume presently.

It is said that the spicier and even more delicious the mustard seed, the darker it is. Although the black mustard seed is regarded as highly spicy when compared to other varieties of mustard, when roasted or cooked, it sweetens and thus becomes milder.

When producing crushed mustard, black mustard can be combined with white mustard. In Southern India, they have usually paired with green hot peppers as well as curry leaves. Due to their antibacterial qualities, black mustard seeds are often used in pickles and chutneys.

Black mustard seeds are high in dietary fiber, which is beneficial to both colon and cardiovascular endurance. The fiber in them not only helps to prevent digestive problems, but it can also assist to avoid massive cholesterol. Because of its advantages for your blood cholesterol level, it may be useful in reducing heart disease and attacks.

What is Yellow Mustard Seed?

Yellow mustard seeds are quite often known as white mustard seeds. They are somewhat bigger than black and brown mustard seeds. They originate from the Sinapsis alba type of mustard. The seeds that have been used to create American yellow mustard are yellow mustard seeds.

Yellow mustard seeds have always had the strong, acidic flavor of other mustard types but none of the heat. When consumed raw, the flavor characteristic of yellow mustard seeds is scarcely discernible; when roasted, they emerge fragrantly.

Yellow mustard seeds are available in two forms: whole and powdered. Depending on your preferences, both have distinct culinary applications during cooking. They are particularly bred to be used in the preparation of homegrown mustard condiments by combining one another with wine, vinegar, or water.

They are known to be rich in dietary fiber, proteins, calcium, and iron while including a significant amount of selenium and omega-3 fats.

Yellow mustard seeds can benefit patients with high or low blood pressure due to various nutrients it possesses like magnesium. It also aids in the restoration of a healthy sleep schedule in women experiencing menopausal symptoms. They are extremely beneficial in reducing the frequency of migraines, as well as protecting patients against heart problems, particularly those struggling from diabetes, heart problems, or atherosclerosis.

Main Differences Between Black Mustard Seed And Yellow Mustard Seed

  1. The origins of black mustard seeds may be traced back to the Middle East. whereas yellow mustard seeds may be followed back to the East Mediterranean area. 
  2. Black mustard seeds are smaller and rounder than the yellow mustard seeds, while they are relatively bigger in size.
  3. Black mustard seeds are black or dark brown in colour meanwhile yellow mustard seeds are either white or yellow
  4. Black mustard seed has a strong pungent flavour, whereas the yellow mustard has a moderate flavour.
  5. In Asia, particularly India, black mustard seeds are frequently utilised. Whereas yellow mustard seed are popular in the United States.


Mustard seeds occur in a variety of colors, including brown and yellow, with subtle variations between their requirements according to the dish.

For spiciness and intensity, black mustard seed is your best bet. This is the mustard seed you will need when you are making Indian food. Traditional Indian uses include curries and a variety of spicy Indian recipes, where the seeds are frequently heated until they start popping.

When you desire a light mustard flavor, use yellow mustard seeds. If you wish to lessen the heat in pre-packaged brown or dark mustard or to make your own American yellowish mustard, yellow mustard seed is an excellent alternative.


  1. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Daniela-Stoin/publication/269096428_Studies_regarding_the_myrosinase_enzymatic_activity_from_black_mustard_seeds_Brassica_nigra/links/5d4d5f314585153e5947ff21/Studies-regarding-the-myrosinase-enzymatic-activity-from-black-mustard-seeds-Brassica-nigra.pdf
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/030881469390032B

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