Difference Between White and Orange Sweet Potato (With Table)

As the title suggests, sweet potato is a very delicious vegetable. It is also very famous all around the world with different names. This sweet potato is a modified root of the potato plant. It grows under the soil. These sweet potatoes were domesticated in America around 5000 years ago. 

But there are some varieties of sweet potatoes. They are white sweet potatoes and orange sweet potatoes. These names are combines with sweet potatoes, but they have some differences between them. Here are some of the basic differences to make them separable. 

White vs Orange Sweet Potato

The difference between the white sweet potato and the orange sweet potato is that the white sweet potato is sweeter than that of the orange sweet potato. They also differ in color. The white sweet potato skin is lighter than that of orange sweet potato. The flesh of these is of white and orange color, respectively.

White sweet potato is a variety of sweet potato, and it is so-called due to the white flesh color. The skin of the white sweet potato is also lighter in color. This variety has very soft and delicate skin in comparison to another type. It is commonly termed sweet potato.

Orange sweet potato is another variety of sweet potatoes. This variety is named so due to the color of its flesh, which is orange. The skin of this variety is also darker in color. This helps to identify the difference between them. The skin of the orange sweet potato is harder and solid.

Comparison Table Between White and Orange Sweet Potato

Parameters of ComparisonWhite Sweet PotatoOrange Sweet Potato
Amount of beta-caroteneThis has less content of beta-caroteneThis has more content of beta-carotene in it
FlavourMilder in flavourAppropriate in flavour
Color of skinLighter in comparison to that of orange sweet potatoDarker in comparison to white sweet potato
Nature  This has a softer skin in comparison to orange sweet potatoIt has more harder and solid skin
Nickname in the USSweet potatoYam

What is White Sweet Potato?

White sweet potato belongs to the monocot family. This plant contains flowers. This mainly originated from Africa and Asia. China is the largest production and dealer of sweet potatoes in recent times. China produces nearly about 51.8 million tonnes of sweet potatoes. It is followed by Malawi, Nigeria, Uganda, etc.

White sweet potato is a variety of sweet potato, and it is so-called due to the white flesh color. The skin of the white sweet potato is also lighter in color. This variety has very soft and delicate skin in comparison to another type. It is commonly termed sweet potato.

These sweet potatoes are mainly from monocot plants. These have beta-carotene in it which is very helpful in the production of vitamin A. these also contain carbohydrate in it. It is not globally considered a staple food. But in some regions of the world, it is considered a staple food.

This is consumed in different parts of the world in different ways. Some people just boil it in water and consume it. As it is milder in taste, it does not need any other substance to make it milder. Some people also put it in chicken and other meat recipes. Roasted sweet potatoes are very famous across China and Japan. These are also put in sweet syrups and are consumed as deserts.

What is Orange Sweet Potato?

Orange sweet potato is another variety of sweet potatoes. This variety is named so due to the color of its flesh, which is orange. The skin of this variety is also darker in color. This helps to identify the difference between them. The skin of the orange sweet potato is harder and solid. This is why this sweet potato can be preserved for a longer period.

This orange sweet potato has more beta-carotene in it. This factor helps in the production of Vitamin A. this potato is also sweeter in comparison to the white sweet potato. This is used all over the world as like white sweet potato.

This is nicknames Yam in the US. But yam is different from sweet potato. The Yam belongs to the dicot plant. This is very nutritious and also provides good gut health. This is also beneficial for brain health, immune system and also helps to improve the vision of the consumer. T

The orange sweet potato can be consumed in many ways like by making chips, boiled and mashed, with sweet syrups as desert, etc.

Main Differences Between White and Orange Sweet Potato

  1. The white sweet potato has less content of beta-carotene, but in contrast to that, the orange sweet potato has more content of beta-carotene in it.
  2. White sweet potato is milder in flavor. On the other hand, the orange sweet potato is appropriate in flavor.
  3. The skin of the white sweet potato is lighter in comparison to that of the darker skin of the orange sweet potato. 
  4. The white sweet potato has a softer skin in comparison to the orange sweet potato. In contrast, the orange sweet potato has harder and solid skin.
  5. The nickname of white sweet potato is sweet potato, and the orange sweet potato is called yam in the US.

Conclusion 

Sweet potato is a carbohydrate-rich food and can be used as a staple food. It is sweet, but it is not harmful to diabetic patients. In the US, the range potato is term as yam just to differentiate it from the white one. It does not have any similarities with yam. Yam belongs to another family of potatoes. 

Sweet potatoes are very beneficial to health. As these can be consumed in a wide variety, the consumer has a choice to prepare it as of their taste and enjoy the benefits of the sweet potato.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=_MWmIDzNMSYC&oi=fnd&pg=PR13&dq=sweet+potato&ots=z_H7RC_o9I&sig=Jd4zOXBL91guG1tE0Md5DHplu0Y
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043452606520017
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