Concrete vs Abstract Nouns: Difference and Comparison

Nouns are one of the important parts that are required to form a complete sentence or statement. It is stated as to be telling about a specific place, time, name, or thing.

And can be further subdivided into many types depending on nature. The different nouns are – Collective Nouns, Common Nouns, Proper Nouns, Concrete Nouns, Countable Nouns (Count Nouns), Uncountable Nouns (Mass Nouns), and Abstract Nouns.

The whole subtypes of nouns have different definitions and examples for them. 

Key Takeaways

  1. Concrete nouns represent tangible objects, while abstract nouns denote intangible concepts.
  2. Concrete nouns can be perceived through the senses, unlike abstract nouns.
  3. Abstract nouns express emotions, ideas, or qualities.

Concrete Nouns vs Abstract Nouns

The difference between Concrete Nouns and Abstract Nouns is that Concrete Nouns are the ones that signify specific people or things (including – those that can be felt, touched, smelled, tasted, watched, and heard). In other words, they include all the items that consist of all the things with five senses. Whereas comparatively, on the other hand, Abstract Nouns are the ones that tell us about things that focus on beliefs, ideas, conditions, and feelings. They all are things that cannot be felt with the five senses.

Concrete Nouns vs Abstract Nouns

Concrete Nouns are the ones referring to the items or things that can be felt physically. The division includes the things that can be mentioned by a specific name or place or things, also the things that can be experienced or observed by an individual, like – smelled, touched, seen, heard, and tasted.

Some examples of the same are – beach, tune, cat, dog, etc. 

Abstract Nouns are the ones referring to items or things that cannot be felt physically. The division includes all of the items that are felt and observed, the feelings, ideas going in mind, and certain beliefs that are followed, and all can be put within this category.

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Some good examples of the same are – time, love, sadness, friendship, truth, etc. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonConcrete NounsAbstract Nouns
Definition Includes all the specific things, names, placesIncludes all of the beliefs, ideas, different feelings
Tangibility YesNo
Five SensesIt can be anticipated through itIt cannot be anticipated through it
Compatibility With proper, common, countable, uncountable, and collective nounsWith uncountable and common nouns
Examples Bravery, Anger, Sadness, Adulthood, and many moreDog, Lion, Microwave, Air, Water, and many more

What are Concrete Nouns?

Concrete Nouns are nouns that mention specific places, things, or people. These nouns include all the things that can be anticipated through the five senses: observe, taste, smell, hear, and touch.

Thus, these are said to be easier to distinguish among the other fellow types of nouns.

According to its definition, concrete nouns also include fictional characters, places, people, or things that are popular and known. For example – Cinderella, Godzilla, Wakanda, Iron Man, and many others.

These nouns are highly accountable as tangible. They are also compatible with various other fellow types of nouns are – proper, common, countable, uncountable, and collective nouns.

Some of the great examples include – Men, Women, Tables, Trees, Flowers, Friends, and many more.

What are Abstract Nouns?

Abstract Nouns are nouns that are known for expressing individual emotions, states of mind, beliefs, qualities, concepts, ideas, events, etc. These nouns do not include the things related to the five senses experienced or felt by a person – smell, observe, touch, hear, and taste.

They are hence quite difficult for a person to distinguish between them.

In other words, it includes things not known as physical objects. Because beside locating unphysical things, they focus on the individual’s feelings, emotions, beliefs, etc.

Also, that is why they are characterized as intangible nouns.

The compatibility of abstract nouns is unlikely with concrete nouns as they are only compatible with uncountable nouns and common nouns. Some of the examples include – Anxiety, Pain, Peace, Openness, Happiness, Joy, Beauty, Patience, Charity, Opportunity, Curiosity, Sacrifice, Life, Past, and many more. 

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Main Differences Between Concrete and Abstract Nouns

  1. Concrete Nouns are the one that is categorized and includes all the specific things, names, and places, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, Abstract Nouns are nouns that include all the things related to the idea, beliefs, and various feelings.
  2. Concrete nouns are the nouns known as tangible, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, Abstract nouns are the nouns known as intangible.
  3. Concrete nouns include all the things that contain five senses – seen, touch, taste, hearing, and smell, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, Abstract nouns are the nouns that do not include things related to the five senses.
  4. The Concrete nouns are compatible with many other nouns of the category that are – proper nouns, common nouns, countable nouns, uncountable nouns, and collective nouns, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the Abstract nouns are compatible with uncountable nouns and common nouns. 
  5. Some examples of Concrete nouns are – Santa Claus, Lord Rama, men, women, water, electron, brain, elbow, and many more other, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, some examples of Abstract nouns are – Fear, Hate, Courage, Democracy, Adventure, and many more others.
Difference Between Concrete and Abstract Nouns

References

  1. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-child-language/article/abs/development-of-noun-definitions-a-metalinguistic-analysis/4A3461FF9BE8FA8CDE5532505C2E7E73
  2. https://brill.com/view/book/edcoll/9789004264953/B9789004264953_005.xml
  3. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00227/full
  4. https://essuir.sumdu.edu.ua/handle/123456789/46244

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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13 thoughts on “Concrete vs Abstract Nouns: Difference and Comparison”

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