Difference Between Daffodils and Jonquils (With Table)

There are nearly 295,000 types of flowering plant species discovered around the world to date. But, our knowledge is so limited to knowing our nature that we can hardly recognize or name them. Daffodils and jonquils are also similar-looking flowers because they belong to the same genus and family. Botanists say that all jonquils are daffodils but all daffodils are not jonquils. 

Daffodils vs Jonquils

The difference between daffodils and jonquils is that they belong to the same family but they are from different divisions. So, their appearance and characteristics match up to some point but they have their unique characteristics as well. Daffodils are taller than jonquils and also the variety of flowers in the case of daffodils are larger. 

Daffodils are found in a variety of colors including yellow (most common), white, and splashes of red, orange, and pink with different shades of yellow. Daffodils belong to the divisions of the genus Narcissus and the family of Amaryllidaceae. Daffodils are perennial plants that are grown from bulbs that look similar to onion bulbs. 

Jonquils belong to the same genus and family as daffodils. Daffodils are divided into 13 divisions in total and jonquils belong to the 7th division. Jonquils are very common in European countries and it is also cultivated in France since the 18th century. The flowers of jonquils are known to have a very strong smell and are often used in making perfumes. 

Comparison Table Between Daffodils and Jonquils

Parameters of ComparisonDaffodilsJonquils
FlowersDaffodils have larger flowering varieties. Jonquils are relatively smaller in size and have a strong scent. 
LeavesThey have wide and flat leaves. They have thin, round leaves and slender foliage. 
DivisionDaffodils are divided into 13 divisions based on the size, color, and growth habits of the bulbs. Jonquils belong to the 7th of 13 divisions of daffodils. 
SeasonDaffodils are spotted during the late winters and early springs. Jonquils prefer growing during the summers and wet winters. 
IdentificationThe corolla of daffodils can be white, yellow, or peach. Jonquils are found only with yellow corollas. 

What is Daffodils?

There are a variety of flowers that fall under the division of daffodils. In the northern hemisphere, the blooming daffodils mark the advent of spring as they are always the first flowers to bloom after a long winter. This is why daffodils symbolize rebirth and hope.

Daffodils come in a variety of shades but the most common ones are in yellow and white. Daffodils belong to the genus Narcissus and there are more than 50 varieties of flowers under it. 

Since daffodil is a common flower to grow in European countries, the soil bed is prepared during the autumn season. The bulbs are buried two to three inches deep into the soil and at least three or four inches apart from each other because this increases the chance of growing taller plants. They bloom during spring and dies at the arrival of summer. 

Daffodils grow on a variety of natural habitats that varies from low marshes to rocky hillsides. Most of the types of varieties prefer growing on acidic soil but some species grow well on limestone. 

In many native areas, people pick up daffodil bulbs mistakenly as onion or leek bulbs. These have caused severe poisoning and death when they were cooked and consumed. The extraction of the bulb is very dangerous for wounds as contact between them causes cardiac symptoms. 

What is Jonquils?

The scent of jonquils makes it very unique and easily distinguishable in a garden. Jonquils are cultivated for their use in essential oils and perfumes. 

Jonquils are easy to plant in home gardens and don’t require very high maintenance. The bulbs can be planted in October or November and it starts blooming after a couple of months. Advances in science made jonquils indoor plants as well. 

Jonquils fall under division 7 among the 13 divisions of daffodils. The leaves of jonquils are easily distinguishable as they are slender with round tips. The stem of a jonquil is hollow and it isn’t much strong. Jonquils are relatively shorter in height as compared to other daffodils. 

Though jonquil is native to Spain and Portugal, today they can be found in several regions including France, Italy, Canada, Utah, southeastern United States, etc. 

Experts advise keeping pets and kids away from jonquils if one is planting them in the garden as it is poisonous. Consumption of a very small portion of the flower is capable of causing gastrointestinal upset. 

Main Differences Between Daffodils and Jonquils

  1. Daffodils represent a wide variety of flowers which can be divided into 13 divisions under the family Amaryllidaceae. On the other hand, Jonquils represent only division 7 flowers of daffodils. 
  2. Daffodils are comparatively larger. The length of the corolla of jonquil is smaller and is approximately one-fourth of the length of the petal. 
  3. While the bulb size varies for the different divisions of daffodils, the bulb of jonquils and other daffodils are poisonous for human beings and other animals as well. 
  4. Another identical feature of daffodil is that only one big flower grows atop a green stalk. In the case of jonquils, maximum of eight blossoms can grow in a cluster. 
  5. Most of the daffodils have wide and flat leaves whereas thin and round leaves. 

Conclusion

Both daffodils and jonquils are known to make our gardens look beautiful and picturesque. If one doesn’t have much knowledge about flowering plants, they can hardly tell the difference between them. 

Daffodils come in a variety of colors while jonquils are found in shades of yellow. Both the plants are very easy to grow and bloom almost during the same time of the year.

Although they are very beautiful and can be used as indoor plants as well, it is safe to watch them from a distance or handle them by putting on a pair of gloves. Both daffodils and jonquils are poisonous and the bulb is the most toxic part of the plant. 

References

  1. https://mospace.umsystem.edu/xmlui/handle/10355/10106
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-662-03354-8_17

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