Difference Between EBIT and PBIT

EBIT, or Earnings Before Interest and Taxes, is the total of three components- a firm’s net income, interest, and tax expenses. At the same time, PBIT is calculated by sum totalling the firm’s net profits and deducting the enterprise’s overhead costs from this total.


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Key Takeaways

  1. EBIT stands for earnings before interest and taxes, while PBIT stands for a profit before interest and taxes.
  2. EBIT is used to determine a company’s operating profitability, while PBIT shows the overall profitability of a company.
  3. EBIT excludes interest and taxes from operating expenses, while PBIT considers both interest and taxes in calculating a company’s profit.


EBIT, or earnings before interest and taxes, represents a company’s operating profit before deducting interest expenses and income taxes. PBIT, or profit before interest and taxes, is similar to EBIT but includes non-operating income, such as investment income or gains from the sale of assets.


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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonEBITPBIT
DefinitionEBIT is defined as the profitability evaluation of a firm before the income tax and interest deductions.PBIT is defined as the calculation of the profits earned by a firm after the operating overhead costs of running the firm have been deducted from the total revenue earned (excluding interests and taxes).
Full FormThe acronym EBIT connotes Earnings Before Interest and Taxes.The acronym PBIT connotes Profit Before Interests and Taxes.
Method of CalculationEBIT is calculated by subtracting the operating expenses and non-operating income from the total revenue.PBIT is calculated by adding the firm’s net profit, interests, and taxes.
Measuring UseEBIT is used to measure the profitability of firms.PBIT is used to measure the profit and operating income of firms.
Usage for InvestorsInvestors use EBIT to ascertain the operating efficiency of the firm.Investors use PBIT to discern which enterprises have the least depreciation and amortization activities.
Relevance as an IndicatorEBIT can be slightly misleading as the interest on the firm’s debts may be quite significant.PBIT serves as a better indicator of the profitability and efficiency of an enterprise.

What is EBIT?

EBIT is the acronym used to connote Earnings Before Interest and Taxes in finance. It is calculated as a firm’s total revenue generated before interest and tax deductions.

Some other terms of reference are used to connote EBIT, including operating income, operating earnings, etc. The EBIT evaluation of an enterprise connotes its ability to mint earnings from its operations.

EBIT is important when an investor considers purchasing a firm or comparing the enterprise with its competitors. It helps them successfully infer the efficiency of the core operations of a firm. Thus, it is important for potential investors.

Investors use EBIT to ascertain the most profitable endeavours. However, it is not a very sound measure of calculating the profitability of a business as interest deductions, and tax deductibles are not included in its evaluations. It is a better measure of a firm’s efficiency.


What is PBIT?

PBIT is the abbreviation used to connote Profits Before Interests and Taxes. PBIT is calculated by adding the total profit, taxes, and interests. It is also commonly known as the operating profit of a firm.

PBIT is not the same as the gross profit of a firm. PBIT is the total profit left over after the business’s expenses have been deducted.  

Investors use PBIT to ascertain the most profitable enterprises. This evaluation aids them in discerning firms with the least depreciation and amortization costs.

PBIT represents the total earnings of a firm that it can use to pay off creditors. PBIT is the better indicator of the firm’s profitability as it considers the enterprise’s overhead costs.


Main Differences Between EBIT and PBIT

  1. The main difference between EBIT and PBIT is that EBIT measures a firm’s profitability before interest or tax deductions. At the same time, PBIT measures a firm’s profitability after deducting operating expenses from the total sales revenue.
  2. The full form of each abbreviation is different. EBIT stands for Earnings Before Interests and Taxes, while PBIT stands for Profit Before Interests and Taxes.
  3. The method of calculating each is different. While EBIT is calculated by subtracting operating expenses and non-operating income from the total operating revenue, PBIT is calculated as the net profit, interests, and taxes.
  4. The two concepts are used to measure slightly different entities. EBIT measures the earning potential of a firm. While PBIT measures profits but also operating income. Hence, the scope of measurement is a little more expansive in the case of PBIT.
  5. Investors use EBIT to gauge the profitability of an enterprise in terms of operating efficiency. In contrast, PBIT is used to discern enterprises with minimal depreciation and amortization activities.
  6. The relevance of each indicator is also different. EBIT can be a little misleading as the interests on the existing debts of the enterprise can be quite significant. Contrarily, PBIT is a more apt indicator as it correctly connotes the firm’s efficiency after accounting for depreciation costs.
  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/0022-1082.00036
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