Banks are licensed financial institutions that help customers save and lend money. Banks play a vital role in people’s lives by offering support to individuals and businesses.
The financial services offered by banks help people manage their lives effectively. Banks offer attractive benefits to attract customers to sustain the business due to competition.
Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT) and Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) are two modes of money transfer from one to one financial institution. Both these terms relate to the electronic money transfer system from one bank to another.
- EFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) is a generic term for electronic money transfers between bank accounts; RTGS (Real-Time Gross Settlement) is a specific system for high-value, time-sensitive fund transfers.
- EFT transactions can include various types and amounts of transfers; RTGS transactions involve immediate settlement and require a minimum transaction amount.
- EFT and RTGS facilitate electronic fund transfers, but RTGS is designed for larger, urgent transactions and offers faster settlement times.
EFT vs RTGS
EFT and RTGS differ because an EFT transaction is settled individually on any amount, and there is no minimum value. In contrast, RTGS transactions mainly focus on a significant amount of weight and are paid in real time.
Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT) is a settlement scheme under which the settlements happen in a batch process at the end of the day. Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) As the name indicates, a real-time payment in RTGS is made.
|Parameter of Comparison||Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT)||Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS)|
|Amount Limit||There is no limit – for the minimum amount – Maximum amount limited per transaction is Rs.50000 within India.||The minimum amount to be remitted through RTGS is Rs 2 lakh|
|Settlement||Transactions are processed and settled in batches at the end of the day||Transactions are processed and paid in real-time and on the gross level|
|Money transfers Suitable for||Usually small, value transaction||High-value transaction|
|Processing||Compared to RTGS’s slow||Fast as it settled in real-time|
|Business Hours||On all working days except bank holidays, 12 settlements in a working day||On all working days except bank holidays, Continuous accommodation.|
What is EFT?
Transferring money from one bank account to another in an electronic mode is called Electronic Fund Transfer. The bank accounts may belong to the same or different banks.
Electronic Fund Transfer is also done through the ACH network. Electronic Funds Transfer is secured because of PIN (Personal Identification Number) and the login details, which are known only to the customer.
Also, the manual intervention of someone depositing the cheque and its clearance is avoided. There are significantly fewer administrative procedures, saving time and energy.
There are many ways to transfer money electronically; EFT includes Direct deposit, Wire transfers, ATMs, Debit cards, Electronic checks, Pay-by-phone systems and online banking.
Usually, you cannot stop an EFT payment after initiating it; if you need to stop payment or refund the amount, it’s between you and the person paid. However, we might be able to control scheduled costs, such as utility bills and recurring by notifying the financial institution to begore three business working days.
Before initiating EFT, payment or using it, check with the bank or financial institution for policies, stop payment details, applicable charges for each transaction, minimum and maximum amount and business hours of the transaction.
What is RTGS?
RTGS is one of the fund transfer systems which facilitates the real-time transfer of funds. RTGS is considered to be the fastest fund transfer method offered by banks.
It is an instant transfer, and the bank that is supposed to receive the funds from the remitting bank has it remitted in seconds. The bank is expected to deposit the funds within 30 minutes of the transfer message.
RTGS also allows setting up the transfer at a later point in time. The value date of the transaction shall be analysed, and the transfer will be made from the queue.
There may be rare cases of funds not getting credited to the said account. In such cases, the funds shall reach the remitting bank.
Main Differences Between EFT and RTGS
- The main difference between EFT and RTGS is that EFT is based on net settlement, meaning that the transactions are completed in batches at specific times, and all transfers will be held up until a particular time. At the same time, RTGS is real-time and happens individually.
- EFT involves smaller value transactions; the maximum amount can be 2 Lakhs INR. At the same time, RTGS’ minimum transaction value starts from 2 Lakhs INR.
- The process of EFR is one working day, while RTGS processes in real-time (‘push’ transfer) EFT is slower, with fewer transaction charges than RTGS.
- EFT is best for small-value transactions, and RTGS is appropriate for many transactions.
- EFT takes time to transfer funds, depending on the bank’s transaction timelines, but RTGS is an instant fund transfer mechanism.
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.