Difference Between Have To and Had To (With Table)

English is quite an easy language to be known. It is suggested to be perfect in the grammar to have grip and perfection about any language. Thus, every language has its grammar and rules for the same. English grammar contains verbs, nouns, pronouns, tenses, modals, synonyms, antonyms, homophones, and many more. The terms “Have to’ and “Had to” are part of models and do have the slightest difference between them.

Have To vs Had To

The difference between have to and had to is that “Have to” talks about any obligation or compulsion statement while “Had to” is used to talks about any necessity in a statement. The first term is used for present and future tense, and the second term is used for past tense. 

Have to is said to be a transitive verb. It is used to signify any compulsion or obligation imposed on a subject. Like consider the given statement – You have to complete the cooking task in an hour. In this statement, the subject is said to be forced for completing the work on a given deadline.

Had to is said to be a semi-modal verb. And it is used to make any necessity comment through a statement. Because ‘had to” is the past form of “have to’ therefore it is only used when any task is performed in the past. For example- I had to complete my work by 10 A.M. The subject has already completed his work in the past.

Comparison Table Between Have To and Had To

Parameters of ComparisonHave ToHad To
Usage It is used when any obligation or compulsion is expressed.It is used when any necessity is expressed.
ExampleI have to finish my job on time.As she failed the exam, she had to reappear in the exam.
TensePresent or FuturePast
Used WithIt is used with all the plural subjects along with I, They, You, We.It is used with all the subjects but in the past tense.
ActionsThe actions have been completed just now.The actions that have been completed in the past.

What is Have To?

“Have to” is considered to be the transitive verb that is used to describe any obligating situation. The term is mainly telling about the compulsion made by someone else to complete the task at a given deadline. For example, if we look at the statement below –

We must have to go to school tomorrow.

In the above example, it is clearly seen that the subject is forced or has a compulsion to complete the task. The term “Have to” is used in Present and Future Tense. The structure to form a sentence with the modal verb is – Subject + Modal Verb + Have to. The term can be used in three ways – Affirmative, Negative, and Interrogative. Below are some examples for the same.

Affirmative – I have to wake up at 5 A.M. in the morning.

Negative – I do not have to wake up at 5 A.M. in the morning.

Interrogative – Do I have to wake up at 5 A.M. in the morning.

The term “Have to” can be used with all the subjects in their plural forms along with I, They, You, We. It symbolizes the work which is in continuous form or is just completed.

What is Had To?

The term “Had to” is considered to be the semi-model verb and is mainly used to describe any necessary work to be done in any statement by the subject. The statement is supposed to be telling about the work a subject has done in the past. For example, if we look at the statement below –

After her mother’s demise, she had to be strong for her family.

The work had to be done sooner or later.

In the above-mentioned example, it is observed that the work done by the subject in the statement is the necessity of the time. The term “Had to” is the second and third form of the verb and is used for the Past Tense. The structure to form a sentence with the term is as follows – Subject + Had to + Third form of Verb.

The above term can be used in three kinds of ways – Affirmative, Negative, Interrogative and below are the examples for the same relative to the examples given in the “Have to” section for simple understanding. The term “Had to” is converted in the first form for the negative and interrogative types of sentences.

Affirmative – I had to wake up early at 6 A.M.

Negative – I did not have to wake up early at 6 A.M.

Interrogative – Did I have to wake up early at 6 A.M.

Main Differences Between Have To and Had To

  1. When any obligation or compulsion is made, “have to” is used as an expression while any necessity is made “had to” is used.
  2. “Have to’ is used for the present and future tense, while “Had to” is used for the past tense.
  3. The action which has been just completed at the moment or is in continuous form uses the verb ‘have to,” whereas the actions that have been completed in the past use the verb “had to”.
  4. “Have to” is used with all the subjects in the plural form along with You, We, I, and They, whereas “Had to’ is used with every subject but in the past tense.
  5. Example for Have to– I have to complete my assignments. While for Had to – He had gone to Goa for his vacations.   

Conclusion

The models are said to be the irregular verbs used in English Grammar. Models are the verbs that emphasize the function of the main verb. Some of the modal verbs known are – must, should, would, might, will, may, etc. The models are used to express any advice, probability, possibility, compulsion, necessity, ability.

The above terms are transitive or model verbs that are used to express obligations, compulsion, and necessity. The first term ‘Have to” is used with the pronouns I, We, You, They, while the second term “Had to” is used with the pronouns I, She, He, It, We, They, You. The term one is for the work done or in continuous in the present and future tense, while the term two is used for the work done in the past tense.

References

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41301865?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1198/000313006×152649

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