Difference Between Immigration and Migration

Immigration vs Migration

The main difference between immigration and migration is that immigration is a permanent movement from one country to another as an individual or a family under proper formalities from the embassy, whereas migration usually refers to the temporary movement from one place to another within or beyond the country borders due to temporary change in livelihood or environment.

Immigration and Migration

Immigration can be simply served a hot issue, especially in the developed countries such as the US, UK, and France, where permanent movement is a big step that too can be influenced by political issues and demand of rights.

Migration is the term they use for people or birds that don’t focus only on a single person or family but on a large group of people or a larger demographic of the same species or kind altogether.

Comparison Table Between Immigration and Migration

Parameters of Comparison Immigration Migration 
Definition An individual or a family moving to a different country with due formalities from the embassy as a permanent movement. It is a temporary movement from one place to another, within and beyond country borders.  
Relocation relativity Immigration is an inbound movement of the process of migration. Migration is the relocation of any species from one place to another indistinctively. 
Political contextImmigration is a hot political issue in developed countries like the US, UK, and France. Migration mostly surrounds the concept of anthropological interest. 
OccurrenceImmigration occurs due to escape poverty, marrying a foreigner, or finding a job, etc. People migrate to escape war or political pressure, any environmental causes, etc. 
ExamplesRelocating permanently from Mexico to the United States. Geese and birds flying the south for the winter. 

What is Immigration?

Immigration is the permanent process of moving from one place to another for an individual or family, or any group.

People who immigrate leave their country of origin and move to another country beyond the borders for various reasons like marriage to foreigners, new jobs, or opportunities.

Immigration takes place legally where one enters another country with granted permission to permanently resettle from the embassy of both countries, which further qualifies them to work without restriction.

Immigration law for immigrants revolves around many policies like national statutes, regulations, and other legal precedents that govern the immigration process into the new country with deportation from their native country.

What is Migration?

Migration is a broad term but a temporary movement from one place to another where an individual is willing to leave home for various reasons, as if in search of employment.

As per detailed studies and stats, it is referred that migration is often induced through a lack of resources that need to be adjusted from somewhere else or even through the struggle for jobs and a better livelihood.

In addition, migrants sometimes include refugees, but in terms of vice versa, it is not acceptable. War and environmental issues are the common reasons why people migrate, but it is not only limited to humans.

Main Differences Between Immigration and Migration

  1. Immigration can occur among an individual or a family due to reasons like marriage to a foreigner, escape poverty and look for new jobs, etc.
  2. There are a lot of immigrants from Punjab to Canada and UK for various reasons. Slums are the best example of migration from rural to urban areas in search of jobs.
Difference Between Immigration and Migration


There are a lot of factors that distinctively affect the terms Immigration and Migration as it involves a large number of people with global issues and facilities.

It is important to make sure that these people enjoy all the facilities and rights as any native citizens of the country and do not fall within global living standards.

They need constant tenderness and kindness from us, and understanding the difference between migration and immigration will enable us to treat them right.


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10911350902910914
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1944-8287.1997.tb00069.x
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