Difference between JTextPane and JTextArea (With Table)

If we take a look at both the JTexPane and JTextArea, they are the tools of Java computer Programming. The JTextPane is a subclass tool of JEditorpane. JTextPane has the word or sentence styling ability. JTextArea is a lightweight component that provides source capability to java programming. It has applications for faster implementation, and it is a relatively friendly tool.

JTextPane vs JTextArea 

The main difference between JTextPane and JTextArea is that JTextPane’s resources are heavy while JTextArea has lite and limited resources. JTextPane edits the content like where to make the word bold, where to put underline but JTextArea can not do that. JTextPane is a derivative of java. swing. text. Jtext component, but JTextArea is not a JEditor component. TextPane came with the possibility of wrapping while TextArea can’t wrap. JTextPane has a heavy resource, while JTextArea is a very lightweight resource. JTextArea is very employee-friendly Text Pane is not a very friendly user. For faster implementation, people use the JTextArea tool rather than the JTextPane tool. JTextPane needs more programming language in comparison to JTextArea. JTextPane is a very flexible tool, but JTextArea is not a flexible tool at all. 

JTextPane has word, or sentence, or paragraph styling ability. It is mostly used for styling documents and graphically representing them. It also has embedded images and other particles. It came with the wrap text feature that helps to create boundaries within the text field.

JTextArea is a multi-liner area that displays plain texts. We cannot use it for styling purposes. However, it has fewer resources. It is used for faster implementation because it is light to use. Due to its lite weight, it provides source capability with java.

Comparison Table Between JTextPane and JTextArea

Parameters Of Comparison               JTextPane              JTextArea 
Definition JTextPane is used to style documents with images and other writing tools. JTextArea is a multi-liner component that displays plain text. 
Features It comes within a warp text feature It doesn’t have any warp text feature 
Flexibility In the case of flexibility, the JTextPane is more flexible JTextArea is not very flexible in comparison with the JTextPane 
Editing Because it has a style feature it can be editedBecause it is just a plain text area it can not be edited.
Weight In terms of weight, JTextPane is a heavyweight tool In terms of weight, JTextArea is not a heavy tool 

What is JTextPane?

JTextPane is a subclass component of JEditorPane of java programming. JEditorPane is the swing-style text component that provides a texting mechanism through which, we can add support for custom text format. JTextPane usually means a tool through which we can style the word/paragraph. 

We can also use various tools like make the letter bold or underlining. We can also add images to the document through JTextPane.  It also represents the document graphically while using tools and images. JTextPane supports the entire editing of the text area. JTextPane can also wrap the text.  

JTextPane is a default model as it is using the default style document. In terms of components, the JTextPane tool is heavy so, most employees don’t want to use it as it is difficult to use a heavy programming tool. However, JTextPane is also a flexible tool that can edit a lot. It is a derivative tool of java programming. 

Through “JTextPane()”, JTextPane creates new documents. “The styled document doc” creates a new text pane with a specific document model. The “attribute set” of the JTextPane adds a new style into the logical style hierarchy. The characteristic attribute method of JTextPane fetches the character attributes in effect at the current if the caret or null. “Set character attribute ” applies the given attribute to the character content. The “set editor kit” sets the currently installed kit for handling content.

What is JTextArea?

The uses of JTextArea are in Java and its swing package. It is a multi-liner area that displays plain text. The main application is to inherit java’s component class. The text doesn’t in the JTextArea can be set to different sizes, colors, and fonts, and also we can apply it in the new sets of text. As for the requirements, we can customize this text area.

 It is a lightweight component that we use to provide source compatibility along with java classes. Where we can map the compatibility easily. However, JTextArea can not allow editing of the pictures because it is simply a Text format font. 

JTextArea is one of the most preferable formats of Java Programming because it has a faster implementation. JTextArea is resource limiting. This is the reason why it is easy and softer to use. However, JTextArea can not wrap the text like JTextPane. 

JTextArea () creates a text area that displays no text initialing. JTextArea(string) creates a text area that displays text initialing. JTextArea(int row, int column) creates a text area with the specified number of rows and columns that display no text initialing. JTextArea(strings int row, int column ) creates a text area with the specific number of rows and columns that display specific text.

Main Differences Between JTextPane and JTextArea 

  1. JTextPane came with the possibility of text wrapping, whereas JTextArea can not wrap the text. JTextPane needs more programming in comparison to JTextArea. 
  2. For faster implementation, one should use the JTextArea, JTextPane should only be used when the styling of the text is required. 
  3. JTextPane is a resource-heavy tool, while JTextArea is not at all heavy. JTextPane allows for image embedding while TextArea doesn’t allow that.In comparison to TextArea,JTextPane is more flexible. JTextPane can edit content, but JTextArea can not edit content.
  4.  A huge outline that JTextPane offers that is not available in JTextArea. It allows for editor panes to be loaded together with formatted text that comes from the URL. We can edit the JTextPane because it has a styled feature, whereas we cannot edit the  TextArea. After all, it has the plain feature. 
  5. JTextPane is a subclass component of JEditorPane, but JTextArea is not a subclass component.t In comparison to JTextPane, JTextArea is more user-friendly. Many employees often prefer JTextArea. 


However, both of these tools belong to the Java programming language. It is a computer programming system for the easy use of computers. Java programming is designed by “James Gosling”. The developer company of this programming is “oracle corporation” It first appeared /applied on May 23, 1995. The syntax of this programming is very similar to the “c” and “c++” programming, but it has some low-level facilities. 

JTextPane is more about styling and editing. It also edits images along with the content text. On the other hand, JTextArea is all about a simple multi-liner document that is very employee-friendly because it is easy to use, and its resources are lightweight.


  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4302-0033-8_16
  2. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=10553096&AN=23720681&h=aeLrYmFYWC2J27hAU2%2B73YVSgsKrcH15sFBlsE7vvKhISRkvW1F1QMTV661Nimqeipg2xS%2BdWcDl983cKpYFKA%3D%3D&crl=c
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