Nationalism vs Patriotism: Difference and Comparison

Every human being is very much attached to his or her motherland. Both the terms nationalism and patriotism incline towards the love of the country but in different aspects. So confusion may arise between the two terms. But with proper observations, a lot of differences will arise between the two terms.

Key Takeaways

  1. Nationalism involves strong identification with one’s nation, asserting superiority over other nations, while patriotism represents love and pride for one’s country without denigrating others.
  2. Nationalism can lead to aggressive foreign policies and conflict, whereas patriotism fosters unity and constructive criticism within a nation.
  3. Nationalism promotes and preserves national identity and culture, while patriotism emphasizes loyalty and devotion to one’s country without excluding other cultures.

Nationalism vs Patriotism

Nationalism is a term that comes from the word ‘nation’ and is used to describe the belief that your country is superior to other countries. Nationalists can sometimes become violent. Patriotism is used to describe the love for one’s nation, and it is mostly peaceful with no violence involved.

Nationalism vs Patriotism
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Nationalism believes that people of the country are equal, and idealogy believes in unity. It also believes in the superiority of its country compared to all other countries. The word nationalism has arrived from the word “Nation”, meaning country. It can also be said that nationalism is how much an individual is proud of his/her country.

The word Patriotism originated in the 18th century, it came from the word patriot. The word patriot has its origin in the Greek word “patēr”, which means fatherland. Patriotism is a term used to express love for one’s nation and protect the country from any negative influence and people who want to harm the country.

Comparison Table

Parameters Of ComparisonNationalismPatriotism
DefinitionNationalism believes in the superiority of their own country.
Patriotism is a term used for expressing the love for one’s nation.
ClassificationNationalism can come in many various types like Ethnic nationalism, marginal nationalism, cultural nationalism, Civic Nationalism, and so on.
Patriotism doesn’t have any classification.
TerminologyThe term Nationalism comes from the term “Nation”.
The word Patriotism originated from the Greek word “patēr”.
AspectsNationalism can sometimes become violent.
Patriotism is a peaceful idealogy with no violence.
ViewsNationalists believes that their nation is the best.
Patriotism respects all nations equally.


What is Nationalism?

Nationalism is an ideology that makes a person believe in the superiority of their country or state. Nationalism can turn a bit violent as nationalists can turn a blind eye to any negative aspects of the country. Nationalism is intertwined with a country’s roots and cultures, and values.

Nationalism believes that people of the country are equal, and idealogy believes in unity. It also believes in the superiority of its country compared to all other countries. The word nationalism has arrived from the word “Nation”, meaning country. It can also be said that nationalism is how much an individual is proud of his/her country.

Nationalism can come in many various types like Ethnic nationalism, marginal nationalism, cultural nationalism, Civic Nationalism, and so on. Out of all the various aspects of nationalism, the most significant are ethnic nationalism, Cultural nationalism, and political nationalism. Ethnic nationalism demonstrates that the ethics of any country has been passed down through generations and has become the roots of the country’s identity. Cultural nationalism is nationalism when the country has the idealogy of a nationalist based on the cultures and virtues of the country. And lastly, Political nationalism is where one believes in a political idealogy that he or she thinks is the best suited and protects the country’s cultures and values.

nationalism

What is Patriotism?

Patriotism is a term used to express love for one’s nation and protect the country from any negative influence and people who want to harm the country.

The phrase quickly conjures up the people who actively defend the country from outside enemies. For example, people in the military are considered the most patriotic for their heroic and life-threatening service of serving the country.

However, being in the military is not the only source of expressing patriotism. Patriotism comes in various forms, and many other professions can be patriotic, like all doctors, teacher, firefighters and other professionals providing their services for the country also count indirectly as patriotism, as their service uplifts the country and keeps the countrymen in a better condition. Patriotism doesn’t only remain in the country’s protection from the outside but also remains in the internal peace maintained in the country. Patriotism lies in every the smallest action, like paying taxes, respecting the constitution, believing in equality, respecting all, respecting the country and its’ cultures, and most importantly, being a responsible citizen.

The word originated in the 18th century and came from the word patriot. The word patriot has its origin in the Greek word “patēr”, which means fatherland.

patriotism

Main Differences Between Nationalism and Patriotism

  1. Nationalism is how much an individual is proud of his/her country, whereas Patriotism is a term used for expressing love for one’s nation and protecting its country.
  2. The term Nationalism comes from the term “Nation” The word Patriotism originated from the Greek word “patēr”.
  3. Nationalism has a classification, whereas Patriotism has no classification.
  4. Nationalists may not take criticism of their nation, whereas Patriots accept criticism and believe in the country’s overall improvement.
  5. There are no professions that are considered Nationalist professions, but there are Professions that are considered to be patriotic.
Difference Between Nationalism and Patriotism
References
  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/0162-895X.00329
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1368430211430518

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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