Difference Between Septic and Sewer (With Table)

Houses, Apartments, and Buildings contain sewage. We cannot live with the dirt, sewage, and wastewater. So, to solve this issue, we use some alternative methods. Septic and Sewers are the made tanks and pipes that help in clearing the sewage and wastewater.  

Septic vs Sewer  

The difference between Septic and Sewer is that Septic is an underground tank that helps in clearing the wastewater from buildings and apartments. In contrast, a Sewer is a separative tank that clear the junk from apartment and houses. Septic and Sewers help in clearing the junk items.   

Septic is a tank that presents in the undergrounds to clear the wastewater that had formed in houses, buildings, and apartments. Septic tanks had constructed with fiberglass, plastic, and concrete, which helps to treat the wastewater. The wastewater flows into these pipes for fundamental treatment. The wastewater had produced from the domestic needs of houses.  

In contrast, Sewers are the long pipes that had connected with the houses and buildings to treat the junk waste. Sewer separative tanks help to clear the junk or sewage is producing from homes, apartments, and buildings. It is called a sanitary sewer and is sometimes known as a foul sewer. An individual can find these sewer tanks underground with a tunnel system.  

Comparison Table Between Septic and Sewer 

Parameters of Comparison   Septic Sewer 
Meaning    Septic is the large tanks that are available underground.   Sewer is the tunnel system pipes can find in the underground. 
Usage    
 
Septic-type tanks are helpful to treat domestic wastewater.  Sewer pipes had used to clear the junk or sewage from the buildings, houses, and apartments. 
Structure       Septic’s are available in tanks with large space areas. Sewers are available in long pipe structures.   
Difference    Septic tanks for a single apartment cost high and, it varies from time.  Sewer separative tanks carry the treated waste to the treatment facility and, the cost depends on the place. 
Maintenance    Septic tank pays more attention and careful maintenance compared with Sewer pipes.    Sewer pipes had connected in line and, these will operate by the city. So, it pays less attention compared to Septic. 

What is Septic?  

We usually need some products to reduce and take out a large amount of waste. The water we use for domestic purposes in the houses, apartments, and buildings will go underground. Septic tanks are available in undergrounds which takes away our domestic wastewater. Septic tanks are constructs with large space areas under every house, building, or apartment and, these had prepared by using fiberglass’s concrete. The treatment of wastewater is highly moderate, where the anaerobic process tries to reduce the settling of solid particles. These septic tanks have some environmental issues like groundwater pollution and water pollution. These pollutions will occur during floods and heavy rains.   

The facility of the Septic is simple and, it will collect and treat the junk. Septic tanks have some types that help in treatments and, they are single chamber tanks and multi-chamber tanks. These types of chambers tanks consist of baffles. The application range of the septic tanks is a neighborhood, households, apartments, hostels, schools, and some others. Septic tanks usually manage the houses and public waste, where the households use the septic frequently.

Septic systems had used to store the blackwater, brown-water, and greywater and, these are the wastewater produce by the households. Septic takes the wastewater and releases the fecal sludge and effluent. The septic systems under every house consist of 3 layers to treat the wastewater and, are solid layer, effluent layer, and scum later. Septic tanks had used to settle the particles in the first layer named solid layers, and then sent to the middle layer and come underground pipes. The underground pipes usually send the collected wastewater into drainages.  

What is Sewer?  

Sewer is the separative tank that helps in clearing the wastage of junk items. Sewer separative tanks help to uncomplicated the junk or sewage producing from houses, apartments, and buildings. Sewers are the long pipe in structure and connect to the houses and many others. These are known as separative sewers where it separates the wastage send to the tunnels.

Sanitary sewers are also known as Foul Sewers, which look like a tunnel system. The sewer pipes will fix in the underground to treat the disposal waste. An individual can find these sewer tanks underground with a tunnel system. The sewer connects the long pipes throughout the city where it will operate by the city. Separative sewers help in preserving the water with quality and providing good health to the public.  

Although Sewers provides good health, the maintenance and observation are low compared with the Septic tanks. The performance is low as it had connected with the entire city where septic had individually connected. The sewers consist of series that helps to treat the wastewater plants and produce a good environment.

The manholes, pipes, pumping stations are the types of sewers and, these will help by conveying the junks from businesses, homes, and industries. The collected waste from these places will send to the city’s main plant to convert waste into clean products. This process helps to clean the environment. The pipes had arranged in a line. These will connect the entire city, and the cost of the sewers is dependent upon the place.   

Main Differences Between Septic and Sewer  

  1. Septic is the large tanks available in the underground of houses, apartments, and buildings. In contrast, Sewers are the long tunnel pipes that are present underground.  
  2. Septic is available for each building where Sewers had connected with large pipes in the entire city.  
  3. The cost is depending on the buildings and apartments where the place decides the sewer cost.  
  4. Septic carries the wastewater from the houses to the underground, where the Sewers carry the junk to the treatment facilities and make the environment clean.  
  5. Septic had structured in the form of tanks where the Sewers had found in the form of pipes.  

Conclusion  

Septic tanks are available in undergrounds which takes away our domestic wastewater. Septic tanks are constructs with large space areas under every house, building, or apartment and, these had prepared by using fiberglass’s concrete.  

Sewer is the separative tank that helps in clearing the wastage of junk items. Sewer separative tanks will help in clarifying the junk or sewage producing from houses, apartments, and buildings. 

References

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25041199
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837711000913

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