English is one of the most influential languages across the globe. It is not only the language of science and technology but also the aviation industry, IT sector, diplomatic relations of countries, and the tourism industry is also linked to English.
Learning and understanding the English language can help you to reach your goals. It can be a ladder of success. If you have good English skills, your chances of getting a job in multinational companies increase.
That’s why it is essential to have an excellent command of the English language. Grammar is the base for understanding and learning this language.
Prepositions are parts of speech and are the most important ones. Prepositions are also called essential small words.
Prepositions are used to express the time or time of an event, location, or direction or to show the state of something. The real meaning is defined when you link prepositions with nouns, adjectives, and verbs.
Through and throughout are two prepositions that confuse many of us. There is a similarity in the look and sound of words throughout, but they can’t be used to replace each other.
- “Through” is a preposition that indicates movement from one side of an enclosed space to the other or completion of an action or process, while “throughout” is a preposition that denotes the extension of an action or condition across the entirety of a specified area or period.
- “Through” implies a direct or linear path, as in “the train went through the tunnel,” whereas “throughout” conveys a more comprehensive coverage or distribution, as in “the flowers were scattered throughout the garden.”
- “Through” can also be used to express completion or reaching the end of something, like “She worked through the night,” while “throughout” implies ongoing action or presence during an entire period, such as “It rained throughout the weekend.”
Through vs Throughout
Through is used when the continuity of the sentence needs to be shown. For example, You should go through this topic. It represents the movement of passing from within to the outside. Throughout shows, the continuity of the action during particular time period such as she worked throughout the day.
The difference between these two is similar to the one between a line and a plane in geometry. Throughout mainly covers the whole area of distance or time, while through follows a straight line within that area.
The ‘out’ throughout can be a way to remember the difference. There are several differences between “through and throughout”.
|Parameter of Comparison
|Through can be used to indicate how something is achieved
|Throughout cannot be used to show how something is achieved
|It can be used to indicate the location (from one place to another or across something)
|It can be used to indicate every part of a place or object
|It can be used to indicate time (during the whole period of activity)
|It can be used to indicate time (from the beginning to the end of a period of training)
|The medicine moved slowly through the plastic tube into her vein.
|The medicine spread throughout her body.
When to Use the Word Through?
Through is a preposition. Prepositions are a small yet vital set of words used to link up a noun or pronoun to parts of a sentence.
Through can be used to indicate how something is achieved, the location, and the time of activity.
It can indicate the location (from one place to another or across something). For example, He entered through the doorway.
As an adjective, through is used for a finished activity or its meaning is done. When used as an adverb, it means backward and frontal direction, ultimately, or to the end of something.
It can also be used to indicate the time of activity. For example, he studied through the night. It can show the means of achievement or how something was achieved. For instance, Snake entered the shop through a small hole in the wall.
When to Use the Word Throughout?
Through is also a preposition. Throughout, it is used adjective also as prepositions. It is similar to all over, right through, all around, etc.
It has two important meanings. One meaning covers the section of a place or object. For example, the howling of dogs reverberated throughout the jungle.
The other meaning is from start to finish or endpoint or end period. For example, the blog contained essential data throughout the month.
Throughout can be used to show each section or place of the object to indicate the period of activity.
As adverb throughout is used to indicate from first to last. For example, the play was excellent end-to-end.
Main Differences Between Through and Throughout
Both these words and throughout are different from each other. The main difference between through and throughout lies in its operation, which depends on the surroundings, environment, or external factors.
It can refer to several meanings; generally, its meaning is ‘use.’ While throughout means in every part of a place or an object.
- When used as a preposition, the word through gives the meaning of from one side of an opening to another; on the other hand, throughout means each section, all through.
- Through means from one point to another, throughout is labelled as entirely through or a way through.
- The use of through as an adjective gives a meaning of; is passing from one corner or side of the object to the other. But when used as an adverb, it means from one side to another through the interior.
- Through can be used for the indication of achievement. While throughout, it can’t be used for achievement.
- Through indicates the location from one place to another. But throughout, it can indicate every part of a place or object.
Last Updated : 11 June, 2023
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Emma Smith holds an MA degree in English from Irvine Valley College. She has been a Journalist since 2002, writing articles on the English language, Sports, and Law. Read more about me on her bio page.