Difference Between TOEIC and TOEFL

Both the terms TOEIC and TOEFL are types of tests that aim to measure an individual’s English language abilities.


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TOEIC stands for the Test of English for International Communication which is intentionally designed in a way to test the everyday English skills of an individual who wishes to study abroad.

On the other hand, TOEFL stands for the Test of English as a Foreign Language, which tests an individual’s ability to understand English and its concepts.

The two terms have a few differences, so let us understand those differences in detail.

Key Takeaways

  1. TOEIC measures English proficiency in a business context, targeting non-native English-speaking professionals.
  2. TOEFL evaluates English proficiency for academic purposes, commonly required for university admissions.
  3. Both exams assess English skills but cater to different audiences and objectives.


TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication) is used to assess the English language skills of non-native speakers. TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) measures the English language proficiency of non-native speakers who are planning to study in English-speaking countries.


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TOEIC helps to determine the level of English speaking of an individual.

The test helps to identify a person’s English level, which determines the ability to use English communication in business, commerce, tourism or any other form of workplace.

TOEFL is a standard test that measures the potential of non-native speakers of English who wish to study abroad.

It is one of the leading English language tests in the world and the most technical and professional form of the test as well.

Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison TOEIC TOEFL 
Full form Test of English for International Communication Test of English as a Foreign Language 
Duration  The test is conducted for about 2.5 hours This test is conducted for 4.5 hours as it consists of four different testing fields 
Type of test  It is for testing the academic abilities of a person in the English language.  This test is more of a workplace test such as business, commerce, tourism etc,  
Nature of test  Objective type Subjective  
Scores The scores in TOEIC are provided on a scale of 100 to 450 In the case of TOEFL, the scores are provided on a scale of 0 to 120  

What is TOEIC?

TOEIC test stands for the Test of English for International Communication. ETS conducts this test to fulfil all the requirements of a governmental organization and any other workplace requirements.

This test is conducted for around 4.5 hours and helps in the proper evaluation of the English language of an individual.

After giving this examination, a proper evaluation of an individual concerning the English language is done.

It is an objective paper-based test that includes reading, writing, speaking and listening assessments. Each of these sections has different time limits for completion.

The test helps indicate an individual’s level of proficiency in a workplace and identifies communication skills. 

TOEIC test also helps to show employers and any other company about an individual’s capabilities at their workplace so that they can place them at an appropriate level in their programme.


What is TOEFL?

TOEFL stands for the Test of English as a Foreign Language, an English exam required by many overseas universities.

An individual needs to have a good command of the English language, and this test ensures that the individual knows how to speak and write English.

This test is highly reliable for the evaluation of foreign students in a very fair manner. This test is majorly taken by students who wish to be admitted to bachelor’s, master’s or PhD degrees.

The scores in the TOEFL exam are provided on a scale of 0 to 120 and are conducted for 4.5 hours, including different skills such as reading, writing, speaking and listening.

TOEFL is a subjective type of test and is computer-based.

The TOEFL test comprises four tests for a proper and fair evaluation of students. It includes reading, in which the evaluation of students’ reading and understanding of English language abilities are tested.

Another one is writing, in which you will have to present your thoughts and ideas in a clear and organized way, for which you will be given around 50 minutes.

Further, speaking and listening tests are also conducted for a proper evaluation to get an idea about students’ understanding of the language.


Main Differences Between TOEIC and TOEFL

  1. TOEIC is conducted for 2.5 hours and has eight questions in all from different sections like reading, listening, writing and speaking. TOEFL is conducted for 4.5 hours and has two parts for you to answer. 
  2. TOEIC test is a paper-based test, and TOEFL is a computer-based test. 
  3.  In the case of TOEIC, it is used by government organizations, and TOEFL is more of an academic test for an individual who is willing to study abroad. 
  4. TOEIC is objective, and TOEFL is more subjective. 
  5. The scores in the TOEIC test are provided on a scale of 100 to 450 on the other hand, TOEFL scores are provided on a scale of 0 to 120. 
Difference Between X and Y 2023 06 07T192841.656
  1. https://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/JAKO200317357304285.page
  2. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED427543
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