Difference Between Tyranny and Despotism (With Table)

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The terms ‘Tyranny’ and ‘Despotism’ refer to two such powerful systems of governance that were initiated by the government of that particular region in which they solely followed this system. These two governance systems were concluded in the 19th century in Greece but were initiated by different rulers at different points of periods in the 19th century. The Tyranny and Despotism systems had both advantages and disadvantages as well. Their definition, purpose of the system, ethological meanings, etc are all different from each other.

Tyranny vs Despotism

The main difference between Tyranny and Despotism is that the ruling governance need has different ways of ruling or has variations in themselves from each other. The Tyranny system of governance is termed to be the system where the ruler has the absolute ruling capability but with the concern of fulfilling its requirements and wants. On the other hand, the despotism system of governance is the system where a particular monarchy is followed by the people of that region.

The Tyranny system of governance is termed to be the system where the ruler has the absolute ruling capability but with the concern of fulfilling its requirements and wants. The followers of the tyranny system were named tyrants and these tyrants do not follow a particular rule of law. The tyranny system can be termed to have no limitations and therefore they are cruel and unfair with the people they rule upon.

On the other hand, the despotism system of governance is the system where a particular monarchy is followed by the people of that region. The followers of Despotism were named despots and these despots followed a particular rule and law that is enrolled by the rulers. The Despotism system can have limitations since they can not go against the rules and therefore are comparatively generous and disciplined. Also, they expect the same thing from the people they rule upon.

Comparison Table Between Tyranny and Despotism

Parameters of Comparison Tyranny Despotism
Definition The governing system that was only initiated for the absolute power for its benefits is known as Tyranny. The governing system that was initiated and followed certain rules and regulations to run the system is known as Despotism.
Etymological Meaning of the TermThe term ‘tyranny’ has been derived from the Latin term ‘tyrannia’ meaning ‘rule of a tyrant’.The term ‘despotism’ has been derived from the Greek term ‘despotes’ meaning ‘master’.
Nature The Tyranny system had a cruel and selfish kind of nature, that was solely followed by the emperor. The Despotism system was comparatively generous.
Rule/LawThe Tyranny system did not follow any kind of rule of law. The Despotism system followed certain rules and laws and they can also be termed to be disciplined.
RulerIn a Tyranny system, only a single ruler looked after the throne and hence rules the entire empire. In a Despotism system, both an individual or sometimes a group can together run the entire empire.
PowerThe Tyranny government was more powerful. The Despotism government was comparatively less powerful.
Common Name of the RulerThe ruler of the Tyranny system is known to be a tyrant.The ruler of the Despotism system is known to be a despot.

What is Tyranny?

Tyranny is a governing system in Greece, that was implemented many, many years ago around the 19th century. In a tyranny system, only one person is chosen as the supreme power of the state. The ruler of the Tyranny system is known to be a tyrant. The tyrant has all the power and control of the state and no one is allowed to go against the rules and regulations that are only set by the tyrant. No other person is allowed to follow any other rule, if anyone goes against the rules of the tyrant he/she be sentenced to jail or even been killed as a punishment.

The nature of the tyrant is considered to be cruel and selfish. This is because the tyranny system was only established to have control and have its own benefit the ruler itself. The tyrant only set its type of rules. The term ‘tyranny’ has been derived from the Latin term ‘tyrannia’ meaning ‘rule of a tyrant’. The term tyranny itself explains the meaning of the system.

As we know, the ruler of the tyranny system did not follow any rules and regulations of others and only created of its own, therefore the ruler gradually became heartless. Hence, the system can be termed as powerful than any other system. They were cruel at the level where they even jailed people for minor crimes also. Everyone was afraid of the tyrant and the tyrant got more power to show the dominance of the minors. Gradually and slowly they became more powerful. Some examples of the countries that had tyranny systems were Iran, North Korea, Cuba, Myanmar, etc.

What is Despotism?

The system of governance that had certain rules and regulations is known as Despotism. The despotism system was kind enough and not crucial as any other system in Greece. The term ‘despotism’ has been derived from the Greek term ‘despotes’ meaning ‘master’. The term itself indicates the meaning where despotism is a type of system, where a master rules over the people. In the despotism system, there was the least amount of exploitation of the people as the rules followed certain rules and expected the same from the people of their empire.

In the despotism system, it was not only one person ruling over the state but also a group of people collectively ruling upon the state. And these types of rulers in the despotism system were commonly known as a despot. They were generous and looked after the benefits of the other people as well. But, they followed laws and worked accordingly to the laws that were implemented by their elders.

The Despotism government was termed to be less powerful. This was because the other governing systems took the advantage of the innocence of the despots and further ruled upon them as well by conquering their throne. Also, sometimes this happens when a despot takes the wrong advantage of their power by misleading the people and they end up becoming a tyrant.

Main Differences Between Tyranny and Despotism

  1. The governing system that was only initiated for the absolute power for its benefits is known as Tyranny. On the other, the governing system that was initiated and followed certain rules and regulations to run the system is known as Despotism.
  2. The term ‘tyranny’ has been derived from the Latin term ‘tyrannia’ meaning ‘rule of a tyrant’. On the other hand, the term ‘despotism’ has been derived from the Greek term ‘despotes’ meaning ‘master’.
  3. The Tyranny system had a cruel and selfish kind of nature, that was solely followed by the emperor. On the other hand, the Despotism system was comparatively generous.
  4. The Tyranny system did not follow any kind of rule of law. On the other hand, the Despotism system followed certain rules and laws and they can also be termed to be disciplined.
  5. In a Tyranny system, only a single ruler looked after the throne and hence rules the entire empire. On the other hand, in a Despotism system, both an individual or sometimes a group can together run the entire empire.
  6. The Tyranny government was more powerful. On the other hand, the Despotism government was comparatively less powerful.
  7. The ruler of the Tyranny system is known to be a tyrant. On the other hand, the ruler of the Despotism system is known to be a despot.

Conclusion

Tyranny and Despotism are widely used or termed as synonyms for each other, but there are many differences between them. Tyranny and Despotism are the governing bodies of Greek, in the 18-19th century. Both the system holistically ruled over the region and had powerful approaches. When a ruler follows the Despotism system he follows certain rules and regulations but if that despot ruler doesn’t follow any rule after a point of time he can be termed as a tyrant, as he no more follows any kind of rules and regulations. The tyrant ruler is heartless and very cruel towards their other people and on the other hand, the despot rulers are generous enough and follow strict rules and expect the same from the other people.

References

  1. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-journal-of-middle-east-studies/article/from-tyranny-to-despotism-the-enlightenments-unenlightened-image-of-the-turks/554765C7D899174E034D4FC970608D28
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1474885105052703
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