Soc 1 vs Soc 2: Difference and Comparison

Soc is widely renowned as a Security Operational Centre; it is an organization that is formed to employ relevant people who are technical experts in order to look after the organization’s security issues, thereby tackling cyber activities.

Soc enables the detection, analysis, prevention, and response to any cybersecurity issues faced by that organization. 

Key Takeaways

  1. SOC 1 is focused on financial reporting controls, while SOC 2 is focused on data security and privacy controls.
  2. SOC 1 reports are intended for use by external auditors and regulators, while SOC 2 reports are intended for use by customers and business partners.
  3. SOC 1 reports are based on the SSAE 18 standard, while SOC 2 reports are based on the AT 101 standard.

Soc 1 vs Soc 2

The difference between Soc 1 and Soc 2 is that Soc 1 is an audit report based on the internal control over the client/user’s financial statements of the organization. On the contrary, Soc 2 is an auditing process that is carried out to guarantee standardized security over the organization’s interest and client’s privacy.

Soc 1 vs Soc 2

Having said that, Soc 1 is written documentation that encloses the internal control over financial reporting.

Simply, it jots down audit reports on internal controls of a customer’s financial statements within the organization.

This type of system is considered important as they are very beneficial to lend out audit reports of the organization in a time of need. 

Soc 2 is a type of auditing process that makes sure that the internal control and the security of the organization’s interest and client’s privacy is tight enough.

Furthermore, Soc 2 is a part of the trust services criteria, mainly focusing on the organization’s security availability, processing integrity, confidentiality controls, and many more issues pertinent to AICPA. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSoc 1Soc 2
MeaningService Organisation Control 1 (Soc 1) is a written audit report on internal controls of a customer’s financial statements which are very helpful at the time of auditing the organisation. Service Organisation Control 2 (Soc 2) is an auditing process that aims to ensure strong internal control and the security of the organisation’s interest as well as client’s privacy. 
PurposeSoc 1 accentuates the internal controls over financial statements of clients & their services.Soc 2 emphasises the reports on the internal control’s security, confidentiality, availability of reports, processing integrity among clients & organisation and ensuring privacy. 
BenefitsKeeping an internal control on the financial records of the user’s that benefits efficient internal control, productive service to its Soc 1 users, protects user’s financial statements by establishing a reliable relationship between servicers and users. Moreover, smooth the policies & procedures of the organisation with high-level security.Dual benefits in ensuring effectiveness on both sides- organisation and users. Provide better services, assured security, Access control over clients & organisation’s confidentiality. 
TypesSoc 1 is categorized into two types, whereby Type 1 is about Audit taken place at a specific time period. Besides, Type 2 is examining internal controls over a period of time.There are two types of Soc 2- Type 1 functions about the existence of control in the business. Whereas, Type 2 depicts the mechanism of the control.
Audiences Soc 1 underscore the clients/user’s financial statements which are done as a report to the auditor for auditing purposes.  Customers and stakeholders are the main parties who have required Soc 2 compliance, should know the report on internal control 

What is Soc 1?

Soc 1 is a written form of documents that encloses internal control over financial reporting. Simply, it jots down audit reports on internal controls of a customer’s financial statements within the organization.

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This type of system is considered important as they are very beneficial to lend out audit reports of the organization in time of need. 

Speaking of which, Soc 1 has the tendency to accentuate the internal controls over the financial statements of clients & their services efficiently.

The pith of Soc 1 is to keep internal control over the financial records of the users in order to offer productive service to its Soc 1 users.

Eventually, this involves the protection of the user’s financial statements, which can be attained by establishing a reliable relationship between services and users.

Moreover, Soc 1 smooths the policies and procedures of the organization with high-level security management. 

Under Soc1, there are two types of tasks involved. The first one is related to the audits taken at a specific time period, while the other type examines internal controls over a period of time. 

What is Soc 2? 

On the other hand, Soc 2 is an auditing process that assures that the internal control and the security of the organization’s interest and client’s privacy is tight enough to avoid cyber security issues.

Furthermore, Soc 2 is a part of the trust services criteria, mainly focusing on the organization’s security availability, processing integrity, confidentiality controls, and many more issues pertinent to AICPA. 

To put it in an elaborate way, Soc 2 emphasises the audit reports on the internal control’s security, confidentiality, availability of reports, processing integrity among clients within an organisation, and ultimately ensuring privacy. 

A few important benefits of Soc 2 include the steps followed to bring out the effectiveness of the organisation and users.

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Over and above, Soc 2 renders better services with assured security, access control over clients & organisation’s confidentiality, and many more. 

Similarly, Soc 2 also has two types: the functions about the existence of control in the business and mechanism depictions of the control.

Recapitalizing the Soc 2 importance, both customers and stakeholders are the main parties involved in Soc 2 as they need the report on internal control often. 

Main Differences Between Soc 1 and Soc 2

  1. Soc 1 is an audit report on internal control over client/user’s financial statements. Albeit Soc 2 is an auditing process that is conducted to ensure standardized security over the organisation’s interest and client’s privacy.
  2. Soc 1 is highly recommended in a company to report on internal control of users’ financial statements for smooth internal auditing. Meanwhile, Soc 2 focuses on securing user’s and organisation’s confidential information over financial matters and integrating among organisations & clients.
  3. Soc 1 is categorised into two types; hereby, Type 1 focuses on the audit taken at a specific or given period of time, and Type 2 is about scrutinizing the internal control report over a period of time. Soc 2 is also grouped into two types, whereby Type 1 is about ensuring the existence of control in the company and type 2 depicts the role of such controls. 
  4. Soc 1 benefits in protecting user’s financial statements by establishing a reliable relationship between services and users. On the other hand, Soc 2 provides two-way authenticity- Organisations and users protecting their confidential reports, assurance of 100 per cent security and better services. 
  5. Soc 1 targets auditors in providing reports on internal control over user’s financial statements for smooth auditing. Notwithstanding, Soc 2 is useful for customers and stakeholders in knowing the reports of their privacy and their organisation statements. 
References
  1. https://academic.oup.com/biolinnean/article-abstract/1/3/311/2682522
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5466167/

Last Updated : 30 August, 2023

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11 thoughts on “Soc 1 vs Soc 2: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The article presents a thorough comparison of SOC 1 and SOC 2, offering valuable insights into their respective purposes and types. It’s an excellent resource for those seeking detailed information on these security standards.

    Reply
  2. The comparison table provided here is very informative and helps to clearly understand the distinctions between SOC 1 and SOC 2. It’s a great reference for anyone seeking clarification on these security measures.

    Reply
    • I agree, the article effectively breaks down the purpose, benefits, and types of both SOC 1 and SOC 2, making it easier for readers to grasp the differences.

      Reply
  3. The article effectively emphasizes the significance of SOC 1 in maintaining internal control over financial records and the importance of SOC 2 in ensuring security and confidentiality. It’s a well-rounded analysis of these standards.

    Reply
    • Absolutely, it provides a comprehensive overview of both SOC 1 and SOC 2, illustrating their roles in cybersecurity management.

      Reply
    • I couldn’t agree more. The article dives deep into the dual benefits and audiences of SOC 1 and SOC 2, making it an insightful read for professionals in the industry.

      Reply
  4. This article fails to highlight the practical applications of SOC 1 and SOC 2 in real-world scenarios. While the comparison is thorough, it would be more helpful to include case studies or examples.

    Reply
  5. This article provides an in-depth analysis of the differences between SOC 1 and SOC 2, shedding light on their key takeaways and benefits. It’s a valuable resource for those looking to understand the nuances of these security standards.

    Reply
  6. While the article provides informative content on SOC 1 and SOC 2, it lacks critical analysis and deeper exploration of the implications of these security standards in different organizational contexts.

    Reply
  7. The article delivers a comprehensive examination of the parameters, meaning, purpose, benefits, and types of SOC 1 and SOC 2, making it an invaluable resource for individuals aiming to enhance their understanding of these security protocols.

    Reply
  8. The detailed explanation of SOC 1 and SOC 2 in this article is highly beneficial for professionals in the cybersecurity field. It provides a comprehensive understanding of these security protocols.

    Reply

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