‘Grammar’ refers to how words are arranged to impart meaning to a sentence.
In this, parts of speech play an essential role. Noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection are the eight parts of speech.
The correct usage of these parts of speech makes a sentence grammatically correct.
- Adverbs modify a sentence’s verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, while conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses.
- Adverbs describe how an action is performed, while conjunctions show the relationship between two or more parts of a sentence.
- There are more types of conjunctions than adverbs.
Adverb vs Conjunction
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, supplying more information about the manner, time, place, or degree of an action or quality. Conjunctions are words that connect words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence. They are used to join ideas together and show the relationship between them.
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An adverb is an essential part of speech. It tells us more about a noun by describing an adjective, another adverb, etc. They convey how the action takes place.
Common adverbs include, fortunately, accordingly, etc. They can also be used to show the degrees of comparison, though they are not as frequently used as adjectives.
The easiest way to identify them is through words that end in –‘ily’.
A conjunction is a phrase or words that connect sentences, clauses, terms, etc, into one. And is a commonly used conjunction.
These help in making the sentences shorter. Moreover, using conjunctions, we can present our ideas in a better and less confusing manner.
For example, my friend and I are dancing. In this sentence, the conjunction is ‘and’.
|Parameters of Comparison||Adverb||Conjunction|
|Meaning||Conjunction refers to a word used to combine words or phrases into a sentence.||Examples of adverbs are loudly, remarkably, almost, certainly, etc.|
|Examples||Conjunctive adverbs, are adverbs of frequency, time, manner, degree, and place.||Examples of conjunction are because, and, etc.|
|Types||They can be placed anywhere in a sentence according to the ruling.||Coordinating, subordinate, and correlative conjunctions|
|Position in a sentence||They can be placed anywhere in a sentence according to the sentence.||They are usually placed in the middle of a sentence.|
|Function||Its purpose is to describe a noun in a sentence||Its purpose is to join clauses or sentences|
What is Adverb?
An adverb provides more detailed information about the verb and answers the question of how often, when, where, how long, how, and how much. Maximum adverbs end in –‘ily’.
However, some commonly used adverbs do that do not end in ‘ily’. The best identifier of an adverb in a sentence is its purpose in a sentence.
Five types of adverbs are as follows:
- Adverbs of manner (describes how something happens)- For example, beautifully, angrily, hungrily, etc.
- Adverbs of time (describes the time when something happens)- For example, next week, yesterday, etc.
- Adverbs of place (describes the time of the event)- For example, here, nowhere, there, etc.
- Adverb of degree (describes how much an event takes place)- For example, almost, very, so, etc.
- Adverb of frequency (describes the number of times an event takes place)- For example, almost, often, never, etc.
Apart from the above, conjunctive adverbs like besides, also, can be used in a sentence. In addition, sentence adverbs are used at the beginning of a sentence to add new meaning to it.
An adverb can be identified as a word describing something. The adverb usually answers a question. For example, she was dancing merrily.
The adverb merrily answers the question of how she was dancing. Moreover, removing cheerfully won’t change the meaning of the sentence.
However, the addition of merrily makes the sentence more evident.
What is Conjunction?
Conjunction acts as the glue bringing together clauses, words, and phrases. Because of intersections, sentences can be written shortly and crisply.
And the need for log sentences is done away with. Three types of conjunctions used in a sentence are as follows:
- Coordinating conjunctions: These are the most commonly used type of conjunctions. These do away with the need for too many short sentences. For instance, the correction -I am tall. And another sentence- she is tiny, can be rewritten as I am tall and she is tiny, with the help of the coordinating conjunction ‘and’. There are seven coordinating conjunctions- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so.
- Subordinating conjunctions: These conjunctions join a dependent clause with an independent one. A dependent clause cannot be used alone in a sentence. For example, of him. An independent clause can exist independently in a sentence. For example, I learned how to dance. The subordinate conjunction ‘because’ brings together the two clauses- Because of him, I learned how to dance.
- Correlative Conjunctions: These conjunctions are used in pairs. These conjunctions work hand in hand with one another and impart meaning to a sentence. Two equal grammatical terms are connected through correlative conjunctions. For example, Both/and, not only/but also, whether/or, either/or.
Main Differences Between Adverb and Conjunction
- An adverb refers to a word that redefines a verb, another adverb, adjective, or other types of words. On the other hand, conjunction is used to combine words or phrases.
- Examples of adverbs are loudly, very, almost, etc while examples of conjunctions are because, and, etc.
- Adverbs are of six types while there are three types of conjunctions.
- An adverb can be placed anywhere in a sentence according to the sentence while conjunctions are usually placed in the middle of a sentence.
- An adverb describes a noun in a sentence while conjunctions are used to join clauses or sentences together.
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Emma Smith holds an MA degree in English from Irvine Valley College. She has been a Journalist since 2002, writing articles on the English language, Sports, and Law. Read more about me on her bio page.