Difference Between Adjective and Adverb (With Table)

Adjective vs Adverb

Everybody wants to make sure that their English always looks good while speaking or writing. Grammatical errors, punctuation mistakes, misspellings, and other writing issues are very common if the basics of the English language are not clear.

Speech in English grammar plays a very critical role as it clears the context of the statement. There are eight parts that exist in a speech, out of which Adjective and Adverb are commonly interchanged and create a lot of confusion.

The key difference between Adjective and Adverb can be better understood by their types and how they are used. Adjectives change the nouns, whereas Adverbs change the verbs.

A word that qualifies, identifies and describes a noun or pronoun is known as Adjective, whereas an Adverb delineates the adjective, verb, or other adverbs.

The word which answers “Which?” or “What kind?” or “How many?” in a statement are Adjective. For example

“The gorgeous princess wore a red gown.” – Here “Gorgeous” and “Red,” tells “What Kind” and hence are Adjectives.

Adverbs usually express or describe the place, manner, time, degree, frequency, level of certainty, etc. The word which answers “how”, “when”, “where”, and “how much” in the statements are Adverbs. For example,

“Isha slept soundly.” The word “Soundly” answers to the question ‘how’, this is an Adverb.


 

Comparison Table Between Adjective and Adverb (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonAdjectiveAdverb
DefinitionAn Adjective is a word or a set of words that describes (or modifies) the noun or pronoun.An Adverb is a word or set of words that describe (or modify) adjective, verb, or other adverbs.
ClassificationAn Adjective can be further classified into,

1. Adjective of quality
2. Adjective of number
3. Adjective of quantity
4. Interrogative adjective
5. Demonstrative adjective
An Adverb can be classified into

1. Adverb of frequency
2. Adverb of place
3. Adverb of time
4. Adverb of manner
5. Adverb of affirmation and negation
6. Adverb of degree
7. Adverb of reason
8. Relative adverb
9. Interrogative adverb
Answers“Which?” or “What kind?” or “How many?”“How?”, “When?”, “Where?”, and “How much?”
Examples1. Sheena is a cute girl.
2. Koala likes handsome guys.
3. George has a fast bike.
4. Lily is a good dancer.
1. Kean walks slowly.
2. My sister arrived yesterday.
3. We looked for his toy in the car.
4. Joe starts early.

 

What is Adjective?

An Adjective either modifies or describes the noun or pronoun. In simple words, it gives more explanatory information in the statement about the noun or pronoun.

Adjective indicates or tells things like shape, size, color, or more. It also specifies or answers questions such as “How many?”, “What kind?”, “Which one?” or “Whose?”

Without Adjectives, you won’t understand the context of an integral component of the statement, for example, if one has to tell his or her vacation experience then they either need to use a “serene” or “disastrous” word, which specifically expresses their state or feeling.

The adjective also limits or restricts the meaning of noun or pronoun. Many times Adjective comes before the noun. Some adjectives also describe the qualities that can exist in different degrees or amounts.

“This, that, these, and those” are four demonstrative adjectives. They help to distinguish how the thing or person is being described by others, which belongs to the same class or category. “Which, what, and whose” are interrogative adjectives that are used to begin questions.

There also exist the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. The order of Adjectives may vary but still, the following is the most common order is

Word > size > age > shape > color > nationality > material

Examples:

  1. This book seemed interesting.
  2. That dog looks cute.
  3. Serena is a responsible girl.
  4. That woman looked angry.
  5. Nick performed great.
Examples of Adjective
Examples of Adjective
 

What is Adverb?

A word that describes or modifies the verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a whole sentence is called an Adverb. Adverbs, more often, ends with “ly” and some just look or mean the same as their counterpart adjectives.

As we said Adverbs modifies the verb, thus they describe or define the way of or express action, and also characterize the state of being. Adverbs can be seen as intensifiers and also come in the form of adverb phrases.

Adjectives or other adverbs are also modified by Adverbs as they provide detailed information about the other characters of the word. For example,

  1. Sheena drives very quickly.
  2. An incredibly beautiful girl looking at me.

By identifying the function of the word in the sentence you can easily tell whether it’s an adverb or not.

Adverbs also specify or answer “when” and “where”. The main purpose of the Adverb in the sentence is to add more power to the adjective. Some adverbs can also modify the entire sentences and are called “sentence adverbs”

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Examples:

  1. That was extremely nice of you
  2. Ram’s performance was bad in the show.
  3. That good boy just hugged his little sister.
  4. Jim lives locally.
  5. Sheena speaks loudly.
Examples of Adverb
Examples of Adverb

Main Differences Between Adjective and Adverb

In the English language, you need to be very careful with your words while writing or speaking as even a little mistake or error can change the whole context of the statement.

Correct understanding of Adjective and Adverb is not only essential but is very imperative as a very thin line of disparity exists between them.

How you use and where you are using those makes a lot of difference.

  1. Adjective answers “Which?” or “What kind?” or “How many?”, whereas adverb answers “How?”, “When?”, “Where?”, and “How much?”
  2. Adverbs provide extra information about the adjectives.
  3. Adjective specifies the intensity in the statement, whereas Adverb gives weight to the statement.
  4. An Adjective is used to define the state of being or action, whereas an Adverb gets associated with verb or adjective.

Examples:

  1. Adjective: He’s a good employee.
  2. Adverb: He works well.
  3. Adjective: She’s a beautiful singer.
  4. Adverb: She sings beautifully.
  5. Adjective: She’s a careless speaker.
  6. Adverb: She speaks carelessly.
  7. Adjective: He’s a very quick runner.
  8. Adverb: He can run very quickly.

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About Adjective and Adverb

How do you identify adjectives and adverbs in a sentence?

It is almost impossible to identify an adverb in a sentence because of the changing nature of that word through different sentences.

Thus a writer identifies an adverb by the means of the work it does in the sentence. The easiest way to tell whether a word is an adjective or not is if the word can change in intensity.

Is Beautiful an adjective?

The meaning of the word beautiful is something that pleases and gives a soothing effect to the mind of the viewer.

Beautiful is an adjective that is used in the process of describing a noun. On the other hand, beautifully is an adverb that is used in the process of describing a verb.

What is a funny adjective?

An adjective is a word that describes the quality of a noun or a pronoun in a sentence. So, a funny adjective is a one that describes the noun or a pronoun in a way that is very funny and enhances the humor content of that particular sentence or paragraph.

Do all adverbs end in ly?

An adverb is a word that modifies the adjective, determiner, clause, noun, pronoun, etc. The majority of the adverbs end with the two letters ly.

But this is not a mandatory rule. Some of the most common adverbs do not end with the letter ly. The most common examples of adverbs that do not end with the letters ly are never and very.

Is tomorrow an adverb?

Tomorrow is a special word that has multiple uses in a sentence. Tomorrow has the ability to function both as a noun as well as an adverb.

It should be kept in mind that it should be avoided to be used as an adjective or even a verb as it ruins the grammar of the sentence.

Is Yesterday a noun or an adverb?

Yesterday is a special word that can be used both as a noun and as an adverb. The usage of yesterday can be varied from sentence to sentence. The examples for its usage are: In the sentence, Yesterday was a great day, yesterday is used as a noun while in the sentence I will do that tomorrow, tomorrow acts as an adverb.

Is already an adverb?

The word already is definitely an adverb. It is the adverb of time. It is usually put in the normal mid-position in the case of the adverbs, or can even be used after the first modal verb or the auxiliary verb.

One example to illustrate the use of already as adverb is: His family had already herd the chaotic news.


 

Infographic

Adjective vs Adverb

 

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Conclusion

The use of Adjective and Adverb in any sentence gives weight and importance to it. It also specifies the significance of the action or expression that is conveyed.

Understanding the difference between Adjective and Adverb not only lets you write or speak well but also helps you to articulate the sentences accurately.

It further advises you to use a better word, so that your writing becomes stronger and required messaged is passed without any difficulty.


 

Word Cloud for Difference Between Adjective and Adverb

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Adjective and Adverb. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Adjective and Adverb
Word Cloud for Adjective and Adverb

 

References

  1. https://www.english-grammar-revolution.com/what-is-an-adjective.html
  2. https://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/adverb/

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