Difference Between Adjective and Adverb

Everybody wants to ensure their English always looks good while speaking or writing. Grammatical errors, punctuation mistakes, misspellings, and other writing issues are widespread if the basics of the English language are not straightforward.

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Speech in English grammar plays a critical role as it clears the statement’s context. Eight parts exist in a speech, of which adjectives and adverbs are commonly interchanged and create much confusion.

Key Takeaways

  1. An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun.
  2. Adverb is a word that describes or modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
  3. An adjective provides more information about a noun or pronoun, while an adverb offers more information about a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

Adjective vs Adverb

Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns, providing additional information about their qualities, features, colour, or characteristics. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, providing additional information about the manner, time, place, or degree of an action or quality.

Adjective vs Adverb

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The word which answers “Which?” or “What kind?” or “How many?” in a statement are Adjective. For example

“The gorgeous princess wore a red gown.” – Here “, Gorgeous” and “Red” tell “What Kind” and hence are Adjectives.

Adverbs usually describe the place, manner, time, degree, frequency, level of certainty, etc. The word which answers “how”, “when”, “where”, and “how much” in the statements are Adverbs.

For example, “Isha slept soundly.” The word “Soundly” answers the question ‘how’, this is an Adverb.

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonAdjectiveAdverb
DefinitionAn Adjective is a word or a set of words that describes (or modifies) the noun or pronoun.An Adverb is a word or set of words that describe (or modify) adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs.
ClassificationAn Adjective can be further classified into,

1. Adjective of quality
2. Adjective of number
3. Adjective of quantity
4. Interrogative adjective
5. Demonstrative adjective
An Adverb can be classified into

1. Adverb of frequency
2. Adverb of place
3. Adverb of time
4. Adverb of manner
5. Adverb of affirmation and negation
6. Adverb of degree
7. Adverb of reason
8. Relative adverb
9. Interrogative adverb
Answers“Which?” or “What kind?” or “How many?”“How?”, “When?”, “Where?” and “How much?”
Examples1. Sheena is a cute girl.
2. Koalas like handsome guys.
3. George has a fast bike.
4. Lily is a good dancer.
1. Kean strolls.
2. My sister arrived yesterday.
3. We looked for his toy in the car.
4. Joe starts early.

What is an Adjective?

An Adjective either modifies or describes the noun or pronoun. Simply, it gives more explanatory information in the statement about the noun or pronoun.

Adjective indicates or tells things like shape, size, colour, or more. It also specifies or answers questions such as “How many?”, “What kind?”, “Which one?” or “Whose?”

Without Adjectives, you won’t understand the context of an integral component of the statement; for example, if one has to tell his or her vacation experience, then or one needs to use a “serene” or “disastrous” word, which expresses their state or feeling explicitly.

The adjective also limits or restricts the meaning of nouns or pronouns. Many times Adjective comes before noun.

Some adjectives also describe the qualities that can exist in different degrees or amounts.

“This, that, these, and those” are four demonstrative adjectives. They help to distinguish how the thing or person is being described by others who belong to the same class or category.

“Which, what, and whose” are interrogative adjectives used to begin questions.

There also exist the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. The order of Adjectives may vary, but still, the following is the most common order is

Word > size > age > shape > color > nationality > material

Examples:

  1. This book seemed interesting.
  2. That dog looks cute.
  3. Serena is a responsible girl.
  4. That woman looked angry.
  5. Nick performed great.
adjective

What is Adverb?

An Adverb is a word that describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb, or a whole sentence. Adverbs often end with “ly”, and some look or mean the same as their counterpart adjectives.

As we said, Adverbs modify the verb. Thus, they describe or define the way of or express action and characterize the state of being. Adverbs can be seen as intensifiers and also come in the form of adverb phrases.

Adverbs also modify adjectives or other adverbs as they provide detailed information about the other characters of the word. For example,

  1. Sheena drives very quickly.
  2. An incredibly beautiful girl looking at me.

By identifying the function of the word in the sentence, you can quickly tell whether it’s an adverb.

Adverbs also specify or answer “when” and “where”. The primary purpose of the Adverb in the sentence is to add more power to the adjective.

Some adverbs can also modify entire sentences and are called “sentence adverbs.”

Examples:

  1. That was extremely nice of you
  2. Ram’s performance was terrible in the show.
  3. That good boy just hugged his little sister.
  4. Jim lives locally.
  5. Sheena speaks loudly.

Main Differences Between Adjective and Adverb

In English, you need to be very careful with your words while writing or speaking, as even a little mistake or error can change the whole context of the statement.

Correct understanding of Adjectives and Adverbs is essential and imperative as a skinny line of disparity exists between them.

How you use and where you are using those makes a lot of difference.

  1. Adjective answers “Which?” or “What kind?” or “How many?” whereas adverb answers “How?”, “When?”, “Where?” and “How much?”
  2. Adverbs provide extra information about adjectives.
  3. Adjective specifies the intensity of the statement, whereas Adverb gives weight to the statement.
  4. An Adjective defines the state of being or action, whereas an Adverb is associated with a verb or adjective.

Examples:

  1. Adjective: He’s a good employee.
  2. Adverb: He works well.
  3. Adjective: She’s a beautiful singer.
  4. Adverb: She sings beautifully.
  5. Adjective: She’s a careless speaker.
  6. Adverb: She speaks carelessly.
  7. Adjective: He’s a very quick runner.
  8. Adverb: He can run very quickly.
Difference Between Adjective and Adverb
References
  1. https://www.english-grammar-revolution.com/what-is-an-adjective.html
  2. https://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/adverb/
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