Affidavit vs Declaration: Difference and Comparison

Affidavits are used in legal proceedings. They state facts that the person signing the affidavit has personal knowledge of or believes to be true.

Affidavits are used as evidence, but they are not always admissible because there is no way to verify that what is written on them is actually true.

Key Takeaways

  1. An affidavit is a written statement made under oath or affirmation. At the same time, a declaration is a written statement signed and dated but not necessarily made under oath or affirmation.
  2. Affidavits are used as evidence in legal proceedings, while declarations are used for various purposes, including supporting immigration applications and certifying the authenticity of documents.
  3. Affidavits must be notarized, while declarations do not require notarization.

Affidavit vs Declaration

An affidavit is a written statement of facts that is sworn to under oath in front of a notary public or other authorized officer and is used as evidence in a court of law. A declaration is a written statement of facts that is not sworn to under oath and may be used in a variety of legal settings.

Affidavit vs Declaration
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Where is the headquarters of ‘International Commission of Jurists’ located?

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What is the name of the organization established by the United Nations in 1945 to promote peace, security, and cooperation among nations?

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Evidence under the Evidence Act means and includes?

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________ is an unconscious ignorance or forgetfulness of the existence or non-existence of a fact, past pr present, material to the contract.

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What is the name of the amendment to the US Constitution that guarantees the right to bear arms?

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A agrees to buy from B a certain house. It turns out that the house was dead at the time of bargain, through neither party was aware of the fact. The agreement

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An affidavit is a written statement that you swear is true before an authorized party. A declaration does not require swearing under oath and can have more than one signer.

A declaration is a written statement that does not require swearing under oath. The declaration is by thinking about making oral statements in court versus taking them down on paper.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAffidavitDeclaration
Definition An affidavit is a signed written statement. A declaration is also an official written statement, but it does not have to be under oath.
Legal ValidityAn affidavit is treated as evidence under oath and used in court.While a declaration can be made outside of court, but still provides proof that the person making the statement knows what they are talking about.
FormalityAffidavits must follow strict legal guidelines before being accepted by courts.Declarations do not need to follow any guidelines.
Purpose of UseAn affidavit is used as a legal document to provide proof of certain events.While a declaration may serve several purposes.
Legal Consequences The affidavit is more formal. The declaration because it has to be “declared” before an authorized officer.

What is Affidavit?

An affidavit is a signed written statement. An affidavit may also contain supporting documents, such as photographs or receipts, to prove the facts in question are true.

An affidavit is used in court proceedings. An affidavit can be written by either a witness or the party on whom it will be presented to prove their case, so both parties must swear that they are true before an official notary public.

This type of document is considered legal evidence if accepted as truthful and accurate by the judge presiding over the case.

In most states, affidavits must be notarized by an official who has taken an oath that everything written in it is true to the best of their knowledge; some also require witnesses’ signatures as well.

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What is Declaration?

A declaration is also an official written statement, but it does not have to be under oath. A declaration can contain opinions and may include supporting documents such as photographs or receipts to provide proof of the facts in question.

A declaration is a statement of fact and does not require any formalities such as oaths or affirmations in court proceedings. A declaration can be written by the party on whom it will be presented to prove their case.

A declaration is written to make statements for the record, but affidavits are official court documents used as evidence in legal proceedings and can only be issued by an officer who has sworn that everything contained within is true under penalty of perjury.

A document prepared this way must include all parties’ names, the date, and a summary of all facts presented.

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Main Differences Between Affidavit and Declaration

  1. An affidavit is used in civil cases. The declaration is more used in criminal matters to prove elements of the crime with which a person has been charged.
  2. An affidavit is a sworn statement. The declaration need not be under oath or even written by the declarant – it can be recorded and signed by another person, such as an interpreter at trial.
Difference Between Affidavit and Declaration
References
  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/duklr50&section=15
  2. http://wac.colostate.edu/rhetnet/barlow/barlow_declaration.html

Last Updated : August 26th, 2023

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