Difference Between Aikido and Hapkido (With Table)

Martial arts are a sign of bravery and valor. They are challenging to master and learn. In spite of the level of difficulty, people practiced martial art in the ancient days, and some are prevalent even to date. Out of the several martial arts present out there, aikido and hapkido are the two that belong to the category of some popular martial arts.

Aikido vs Hapkido

The difference between Aikido and Hapkido is that hapkido includes a lot of kicking moves than aikido. Both the forms of martial arts have evolved and originated from the Daito-Ryu Aiki Jujutsu. Both the forms of martial arts are interlinked and have developed from one another parallelly just by incorporating some additional moves.

Aikido is a famous Japanese-developed martial art. This comprises moves and techniques related to throwing, joint locking, and striking techniques. It was found during the twentieth century and also involves swords and knives. It combines the use of both armed and unarmed techniques. The basic moves inspired by the arts of India and China.

Hapkido is a self-defense-based martial art that was developed in the lands of Korea. It combines kicking and throwing moves with some conventional weapons like swords. It includes close-range as well as long-range techniques. The control of the opponent is the main goal of the fighter. Footwork and the position of the body play a major role.

Comparison Table Between Aikido and Hapkido

Parameters of Comparison
Country of Origin This form of martial art was curated and developed in the lands of Japan.   This form of martial art has its roots of origin in Korea.
Time of OriginIt was developed by the Japanese much earlier than the development of hapkido.   Hapkido was developed after the origin of aikido.
TechniquesAikido concentrates on defense. The moves are curated in such a way that instead of focussing and losing energy on the opponent the techniques protect the fighter from being attacked by their opponent.       Hapkido involves more violence and the moves are of high impact and also includes the usage of weapons like swords and ropes that increase the severity.
Kicking stylesAikido does not involve a lot of kicking techniques as it may be harmful and it is not best suitable for safety and self-defense.Hapkido encourages a lot of moves with kicking techniques to make the attack severe.
Military Usage It is highly encouraging to be followed in the military.     It was not used anywhere in the military.

What is Aikido?

 The main aim of the development of this art included internal development along with integrity. It is also great to tone the physical aspect of the body, tone the muscles and make ourselves fit with the moves of this martial art.

This art is more than defense and attacks. The moves are accurately performed with a lot of compassion, along with deep and clear insights. It emphasizes the valor and the power of the warrior to make an ultimate transcend of a dualistic conflict. It is mainly developed as art that focuses on various aspects of self-development though it is also highly aimed at safeguarding ourselves from our foes.

It highly promotes positive thoughts along with the character. This training is not only intensely physical, but it also trains the spiritual part of us to attain a deep and high state.

It is seen as an art that helps to shape an individual’s shape wisdom and character. It is not a competitive martial art as it focuses on developing one’s own characteristics rather than fighting and winning over someone. It has a wide variety of versatile attacks and moves. It is considered to be a highly challenging art.

What is Hapkido?

Though it involves the usage of weapons, it also is practiced as an unarmed form of martial arts. It involves a lot of techniques involving circular motions as it is easy to do free-flowing combat, and the different techniques can be merged together seamlessly and can have an efficient impact.

It is a globally accepted and followed martial art. In spite of its low impact and severity, it has its own power. Though it has been inspired by a number of Asian martial art forms, it never failed to leave its profile of uniqueness dropdown. It allows the fighter to prevent hurting the opponent, and it focuses on shielding from the opponent and protecting ourselves.

More than the usage of brute strength, it follows composure and physical control, which the warriors should be careful with. Security and lawful means use this method to protect the warriors without causing the enemy’s downfall.

If necessary, however, the warrior can cause some serious attacks on their opponent. Though it emphasizes more on defense, its offense techniques are extremely powerful. Hence one must not take it for granted. Physical control over your body and the positions is important to make sure you have self-control, and the moves are smooth.

Main Differences Between Aikido and Hapkido

  1. Aikido was developed by the people of Japan, whereas hapkido was developed by the people of Korea.
  2. Hapkido was introduced later, succeeding the origin of aikido.
  3. Aikido involves defense techniques, whereas hapkido concentrates on offense.
  4. Aikido avoids the usage of several kicks, whereas hapkido usually revolves around powerful kicks.
  5. Aikido was used as a fighting technique in the military, whereas hapkido was avoided.


Though both were similar to one another, hapkido is liberal and does not have extremely strict rules, but the moves have a high impact. The level of aggressiveness is greater in hapkido. It involves the basic moves and poses that include a lot of the kicks and strikes.

Aikido moves and poses are specially meant for military purposes due to their well-organized strikes and moves though of less impact, are extremely efficient and best used to fight enemies.

The impact is low since the movies prioritize defense when compared to offense. In hapkido, the offense moves are greater than the ones that provide a defense.


  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/22.23.PMS.116.1.30-39
  2. http://yadda.icm.edu.pl/yadda/element/bwmeta1.element.desklight-dc17e38a-d3b6-4fed-a13a-d9fc588b1022
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