Difference Between Aikido and Pencak Silat (With Table)

Martial arts are a codified system used for many reasons such as self-defense. It could be armed and unarmed arts.  Aikido and Pencak Silat is a type of martial art of different countries.  In the martial arts of Aikido, the attacker is focused on throwing using full energy.  This martial art is a combination of striking, kicking, and weapons.

Aikido vs Pencak Silat

The difference between aikido and Pencak silat is that aikido is a martial art of Japan whereas Pencak silat is a martial art of Indonesia. The moves and styles of both martial arts are different. Both are types of martial art which is a single similarity between them. Their origin countries are different.

Aikido is a martial art of Japan. In the martial arts of Aikido, the attacker uses his full energy to throw his opponent. This is an accurate and attractive style that appears like a dance. Morihei Ueshiba first discovered this martial art in Japan after his brief study on martial arts and its religious beliefs and philosophy. 

Pencak silat is a martial art of Indonesia. It is also known as skillful fighting. It is a weapon-based martial art. The moves and techniques are taken from India and China. This martial art is a combination of striking, kicking, and weapons.  Its exact origin is not confirmed yet by those who discovered this martial art. So it is generated orally from one generation to another generation. 

Comparison Table Between Aikido and Pencak Silat

Parameters of comparisonAikidoPencak Silat
DefinitionAikido is a martial art of JapanPencak silat is a martial art of Indonesia
Etymology Aikido is a Japanese word which forms three kanji: ai, ki, do which means a way of combining forces.Pencak silat is an umbrella term that is used for Indonesian martial arts. 
Technique In Aikido, the attacker is focused on throwing the opponent using his full energy.It is known as skillful fighting. It is a weapon-based martial art.
UniformsAikido uniforms are trousers and wraparound jackets which are in white colorTwo-piece black uniform.
HistoryMorihei Ueshiba first discovered this martial art in Japan Its exact origin is not confirmed yet by those who discovered this martial art

What is Aikido?

Aikido is a Japanese martial art and is mainly used for the self-defense system. It looks at its purpose of controlling the power and speed of the attacker and the use of curved and thrower techniques like Jujitsu and Judo. It is also used to suppress important nerve centers. Aikido emphasizes controlling the attacker’s attack and maintaining its mental balance. Development of other martial arts goods, courtesy, and honor is an integral part of Aikido training.

Aikido is a martial art of Japan. In Aikido, the attacker is focused on throwing using his full energy. This is an accurate and attractive style that appears like a dance and enchanting. 

Aikido is a basic martial art that originated in Japan in the 14th century. In the early 20th century, Ueshiba Morihei, who is considered to be its father, arranged it in its modern form through his work, study. This martial art does not represent any kind of aggressive move. It is a defensive art. Later, Tomiki Kenji, a student of Ueshiba, developed a competition style known as Tomiki Aikido. This competition style included the aikido technique.

Aikido uniforms are trousers and wraparound jackets which are in white. The promotion in this martial art is based on grades. There are two ranks in this martial art: Kyu and Dan. white belt is for Kyu and the black belt is for Dan

What is Pencak Silat?

Pencak Silat is an Indonesian/Malay island martial art. It has hundreds of different forms. In this martial art, every part of the body is planned and maintains the mental balance of each person. It is a traditional martial art that is practiced as a sport, for fitness, as an art of beauty, and learning.

Silat enhances and strengthens the sense of self-awareness, self-discipline, integrity, responsibility, loyalty, and cooperation. Pencak Silat was included in the Asian Beach Games in 2008 and 2009 by the Asian Indoor Games.

It is also known as skillful fighting. It is a weapon-based martial art. The moves and techniques are taken from India and China. This martial art is a combination of striking, kicking, and weapons.  Its exact origin is not confirmed yet by those who discovered this martial art. So it is generated orally from one generation to another generation. 

This martial art is organized internationally as a sport by the International Pencak Silat Association (PERSILAT). The Pencak Silat World Championship is organized every two to three years by Parasilat, the highest level of competition that sees participation from the largest number of countries.

Main Differences Between Aikido and Pencak Silat

  1. Aikido is a modern Japanese Martial Art whereas  Pencak Silat is of Indonesian origin and famous in South East Asia
  2. Aikido emphasizes controlling the attacker’s attack and maintaining its mental balance whereas Silat emphasizes enhancing and strengthening the sense of self-awareness.
  3. Aikido Martial Arts are used only for self-defence whereas Pencak Silat could be used in combat also.
  4. Aikido Martial Arts doesn’t use any kind of weapons whereas in Pencak Silat individuals can use weapons also.
  5. Aikido is not globally practiced and famous whereas Pencak Silat is organized internationally as a sport by the PERSILAT organization.

Conclusion

As we can see both Aikido and Pencak Silat are a form of Martial Arts except that there’s no similarity between these two. Aikido is Japanese martial art where mostly focuses on defending ourselves through wrist locks, head hold, and few kicks and at the same time not hurting attackers whereas Silat is Indonesian Martial art that teaches us full-body fighting by incorporating strikes, grappling, and throwing which includes weapons as well, it’s also one of the deadliest forms of Martial Arts. Based on the above differences we can conclude that Aikido Martial art is more of self-defense art however Pencak silat is for intense fights and must be learned under expert supervision.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1740898990040204
  2. https://brill.com/downloadpdf/book/edcoll/9789004308756/B9789004308756_002.pdf
  3. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/101269028301800203
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