Anyone vs Anybody: Difference and Comparison

English is one language that is quite tricky regarding aspects such as pronunciation, spelling, grammar system, sentence structure, etc.

The worldwide debate of why ‘put’ and ‘but’ are pronounced differently proves to be an example of how confusing the language can be!

Grammar plays a vital role in any language system, and it does in English too. Different parts of speech help us to categorize each word into different classes. Each class or part of speech has its function.

One of the most important or primary rules that must be followed in the case of a sentence and its structure is the rule of number. In a sentence, the verb has to agree with its subject in terms of number and person.

In the sentence, “Ram plays with his dog,” the verb ‘plays’ agrees with the subject ‘Ram’ in terms of number. Since the subject ‘Ram’ is singular, the verb has to agree with the subject; that is, it also has to be singular. Thus the verb ‘plays.’

This rule of verb agreeing with the subject regarding number and person is called Concord. Concord refers to the agreement between the subject and verb in a sentence.

One such situation where being singular and plural is very important is in the case of two words: – ‘Anyone’ and ‘Anybody.’

Key Takeaways

  1. Anyone and anybody are pronouns used interchangeably to refer to any person, regardless of gender or number.
  2. Anyone and anybody can be used in affirmative, negative, or interrogative sentences with the same meaning.
  3. Anyone and anybody have different forms for the other parts of speech, such as anyplace and anywhere, anyone’s and anybody’s, and anything and any.

Anyone vs. Anybody

The difference between ‘anyone’ and ‘anybody’ is the number. While ‘anyone’ is used as a singular version, the word ‘anybody’ is used as a plural version.

Anyone vs Anybody
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Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonAnyoneAnybody
 NumberAnyone is used as a singular version of a sentence.Anybody is used as a plural version in a sentence.
Suffix  The suffix in the word ‘anyone’ is ‘one.’The suffix in the word ‘anybody’ is ‘body.’
Context  The word ‘anyone’ is used to identify or call out one person from a group of many people.The word ‘anybody’ is used to identify or call out many people from a group of people.
Formal or Informal‘anyone’ is used and preferred in formal situations, contexts, and conversations.‘anybody’ is used and preferred in informal situations, contexts, and conversations.
Example“Anyone can participate” is an example of how the word ‘anyone’ is used.“Anybody can win this competition” is an example of how the word ‘anybody’ is used.

What is Anyone?

As mentioned earlier, Concord refers to the agreement between the subject and verb of a sentence.

This agreement states that the verb of a sentence must agree with the sentence’s subject, both in number and person. If the subject is singular, the verb following it must also be singular.

This rule applies not only to the verb in the sentence but also to the pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and all the other words in the sentence. Every word used in a sentence must agree with each other.

If the noun mentioned is feminine, the pronoun and adjective used in the sentence must also be feminine. It is quite important to follow this agreement to adhere to the grammatical structure of the English language.

The main difference between the words ‘anyone’ and ‘anybody’ also lies in this agreement.

The word ‘anyone’ is used as a singular version in a sentence. ‘Anyone’ is used in a singular sense in any sentence. It is the singular form of the word.

‘Anyone’ is used to pick out a person from a group. It refers to a single person.

When a single person has to be chosen from a group of many people, the word ‘anyone’ is the best suited for this purpose.

This word has a suffix in it. Suffix refers to a few letters or words attached to the main word to form another word.

The word ‘anyone’ can be split into ‘any’ and ‘one,’ of which ‘one’ is the suffix and ‘any’ is the main word. The suffix ‘one’ also refers to a single person or a singular form of a word.

The word ‘anyone’ is the preferred word to be used in all kinds of situations and contexts. And, in the case of formal conversations and purposes, the word ‘anyone’ is the most accepted.

Here are a few examples to point out how the word ‘anyone’ is used:-

  1. Has anyone seen my umbrella?
  2. Anyone can participate in this seminar.
  3. Anyone but me can survive this outing.

What is Anybody?

The word ‘anybody’ differs from ‘anyone’ in the aspect of number. The word ‘anybody’ is a plural version in a sentence.

The word ‘anybody’ is used as the plural in any sentence. It is the plural form of the word.

‘Anybody’ is used to pick out or call out many people from a group. It refers to more than one person, that is, plural.

The word ‘anybody’ is used when many persons or more than one person needs to be chosen from a group of people.

This word also has a suffix in it. The word ‘anybody’ can be split into ‘any’ and ‘body,’ where the word ‘body’ is the suffix. The suffix ‘body’ also refers to ‘many’ or ‘more than one person,’ a plural form of the word.

The word ‘anybody’ is not universally accepted to be used in all kinds of situations. ‘Anybody’ is used in informal contexts and personal conversations.

Here are a few examples to point out how the word ‘anybody’ is used:-

  1. Anybody can win this competition and bag a prize.
  2. Not anybody can pull off this heist.
  3. Do you know anybody from down the lane?

Main Differences Between Anyone and Anybody

  1. The main difference between ‘anyone’ and ‘anybody’ is that ‘anyone’ is a singular sentence. But ‘anybody’ is used as a plural version in a sentence.
  2. The suffix in ‘anyone’ is the word ‘one.’ But the suffix in ‘anybody’ is the word ‘body.’
  3. ‘Anyone’ is used to choose a single person from a group. But ‘anybody’ is used to choose many from a group of people.
  4. ‘Anyone’ is universally accepted and used in formal contexts. But ‘anybody’ is used only in informal and personal conversations.
  5. ‘Has anyone seen my bag?’ is an example of how ‘anyone’ is used. But ‘Do you know anybody from the commerce stream?’ is an example of how the word ‘anybody’ is used.
Difference Between X and Y 2023 04 21T122956.521

References

  1. https://www.duo.uio.no/handle/10852/25558
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037821669090004W

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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