Difference Between Aortic Sclerosis and Aortic Stenosis (With Table)

By the name, we can figure out that the conditions are related to the heart. However, it is not easy for common people to understand what goes on inside. Since it is related to abnormal heart conditions and valves, people often mistakenly use these terms as synonyms. However, they have their unique features and differ in distinctive ways.

It is important to know their differences and conditions because the treatment needs attention. In this article, we shall dive into some details.

Aortic Sclerosis vs Aortic Stenosis

The main difference between Aortic Sclerosis and Aortic Stenosis is their type of abnormality in the blood vessel. Aortic Sclerosis is referred to the thickening of the blood vessels. Whereas, Aortic Stenosis is referred to the narrowing of heart vessels. They are opposite of each other in terms of condition. However, they are sometimes diagnosed simultaneously.

Aortic Sclerosis can be normally diagnosed with the help of a stethoscope. The heartbeats are listened to and observed by the doctor carefully. An abnormally increased heartbeat can be the indication. Then, in the process of diagnosis, echocardiography is performed for confirmation. This condition is mainly common in older people.

On the other hand, Aortic Stenosis can be diagnosed with cardiac catheterization or echocardiography. Symptoms include suffocation, shortness of breath, or extreme weakness. It is common in people with congenital abnormalities. Their health needs proper attention since they are quite prone to heart failure.

Comparison Table Between Aortic Sclerosis and Aortic Stenosis

Parameters of DifferencesAortic SclerosisAortic Stenosis
ConditionIt is a condition when the valves of the heart become thick.It is a condition when the valves of the heart become narrow.
Age GroupMostly aged people are affected.People of any age group can get affected.
DamageDoes not block the flow of blood from the heart to the organs.Interferes with the blowing of blood from the heart to organs.
LevelIt is not an emergency condition. Some people are not even aware of it. It is an emergency condition. Negligence can even cause death of the patient.
TreatmentTreatment includes following a healthy lifestyle. Treatment includes certain valve surgery if the condition is serious.

What is Aortic Sclerosis?

As the name suggests, we can point the fact that it is related to the aorta. The valves linked to it are termed aortic valves. They act as a barrier that prevents blood from flowing backward while traveling from the heart to the body.

During this process, some abnormal conditions might take place. Sometimes, the valves become tight and hence cause difficulty in the passage. This particular condition is termed Aortic Sclerosis. It does not always restrict the flow of blood. However, it gives rise to other emergencies.

Talking about the symptoms, they do not come with specific ones. Hence it has more risks. Many people are not much aware and hence the risk increases with time. Sometimes it is even diagnosed while some other tests were being performed on the body. It is an asymptomatic disease and is most common in aged people.

There is no particular treatment for this condition. The only way out is leading a healthy lifestyle along with a healthy diet. It is also very important to avoid the risk factors. They include diabetes, smoking, kidney diseases. Males are more prone to Aortic Sclerosis. Also, high blood pressure and cholesterol add to the risk.

What is Aortic Stenosis?

It is a condition when the valves of the heart become narrow. It is again related to the aorta but more serious. It indeed affects the flow of blood and blocks it. Hence Aortic Stenosis can create emergencies.

Treatment is very essential. If failed to provide immediate help by medical professionals, it may even lead to death. It however depends on the condition of the patients. It depends on the percentage of blockage in the valve that restricts the flow of blood from the heart.

Surgery might be needed where replacement of the valve takes place. Neglecting it might lead to severe conditions. It has a vast range of symptoms, However, with the narrowing of the passage, extreme situations might take place.

Sometimes people do have mild symptoms and tend to neglect them for years. this might put adverse effects in the future. Even children are prone to this particular condition. Chest pain or tightness in one of the alarming symptoms. It is to be considered as a red signal. Also, abnormal heartbeat in a stethoscope is a matter to be cautioned about.

Main Differences Between Aortic Sclerosis and Aortic Stenosis

  1. The main difference between Aortic Sclerosis and Aortic Stenosis is the type of abnormality in blood vessel. Aortic Sclerosis is referred to the thickening of the blood vessels. Whereas, Aortic Stenosis is referred to the narrowing of heart vessels.
  2. Aortic Sclerosis is mostly diagnosed in older people. Whereas, in Aortic Stenosis, people from any age group are affected, including children.
  3. Treatment of Aortic Sclerosis includes following a healthy lifestyle. On the other hand, treatment includes certain valve surgery if the condition is serious.
  4. Aortic Sclerosis does not block the flow of blood from the heart to the organs. Aortic Stenosis interferes with the blowing of blood from the heart to organs.
  5. Talking about the seriousness of the condition is essential. Aortic Stenosis is not an emergency condition. Some people are not even aware of it. However, Aortic Stenosis is an emergency condition. Negligence can even cause the death of the patient.

Conclusion

In medical terms, there are a lot of conditions that we are unaware of. Sometimes, rather than maximum times, they are diagnosed while testing for some other diseases. Till then we keep them ignoring. Some of them might turn serious in the future and eventually cause irreparable damages. This is why we should not ignore even the mild symptoms. Any type of uneasy feeling and the first thing we need to go is go for a checkup. It is essential to always seek the help of a medical professional. Any unhealthy function of our body can really be harmful.

Aortic Sclerosis vs Aortic Stenosis both do not possess countable symptoms. It varies from person to person. This in turn increases the risk. Normal people fail to realize that their health is deteriorating from the inside. Aortic Sclerosis is still a mild condition and is curable. However, Aortic Stenosis can cause serious damage to our body. Sometimes doctors prescribe replacements of valves via surgery.

References

  1. https://europepmc.org/article/med/10073870
  2. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/JAHA.114.001111

About the Editorial Staff

Editorial Staff at Ask Any Difference is a team of experts in the field of "Difference Between" topics and led by Sandeep Bhandari, Piyush Yadav and Chara Yadav. Trusted by over 1.5 million readers worldwide
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