Difference Between ATX and BTX (With Table)

The ATX and the BTX are the two versions of the motherboard that are designed to provide the best experience to the users. The motherboard is like a heart of the computer as it consists of many components that make the computer function properly.

ATX vs BTX

The difference between ATX and BTX is that ATX is the older version of BTX whereas BTX is the next version of ATX and has a motherboard arrangement that maximizes the cooling.

The introduction of BTX was an advancement in the technology used in the ATX and overcomes the heating issue of the ATX board by maximizing the cooling process of the processors used in the computer.

Comparison Table Between ATX and BTX

Parameters of ComparisonATXBTX
Full formThe full form of ATX is Advanced Technology eXtended.The full form of BTX is Balanced Technology eXtended.
DefinitionThe ATX motherboard was introduced so as to replace the earlier AT design.The BTX motherboard was introduced so as to maximize the cooling of the processor used.
AirflowIt is less in ATX.It is more in BTX.
IO PortThe IO port is situated on the top of an ATX board.The IO port is situated on the bottom of a BTX board.
UsageThe ATX is more used in desktops.The BTX is rarely used in desktops.

What is ATX?

The ATX motherboard or the Advanced Technology eXtended, is a popular motherboard that is seen in the desktop cases. The ATX was launched by the Intel in the year 1995 so as to replace the earlier AT design.

The design of motherboard components in the ATX somehow blocks the flow of air. This leads to the heating problems in the device. The memory modules in the ATX are aligned in the vertical position that blocks the flow of air. Also, the input output or the IO ports in the ATX are designed to be on the top of the motherboard.

All these arrangement contribute in the blocking the flow of air. Despite the fact that the cooling in the ATX is not efficient, it is still widely used motherboard as people have already purchased the ATX systems and do not want to switch to the newer version of ATX that is BTX. Also, Intel made changes in lowering the power usage of the CPU hence continuing with the ATX design.

What is BTX?

The BTX motherboard or the Balanced Technology eXtended is the newer version of the ATX or the Advanced Technology eXtended motherboard. This change was brought by Intel ten years after the introduction of the ATX so as to maximize the cooling of the processors. It was introduced with the motive to reduce the heating issues found in the latest processors.

The BTX is designed in such a way to promote the amount of flow of air by reducing the obstacles on the way and hence maximize the cooling of the processors used. The design of the BTX motherboard components allows the flow of air and for that location of the components is modified.

The memory modules are arranged horizontally on the BTX motherboards. A specially designed air funnel has been allocated at the front of the board in place of the processor so that it can easily take air from the front side of the case and blow the drawn air onto the processor.

The positions of IO ports and the add-on slots have been changed too. The input output or the IO ports in the BTX motherboard is now located on the top of the board and the add-on slots are now available on the bottom side of the board. These are still in the same line so as to maximize the flow of air in the case.

Despite the advancement in the BTX motherboard, it can be rarely seen in the desktops. This is because of the fact that the people have already purchased the ATX systems and do not wish to change to BTX. BTX is more costly as compared to the ATX. Also, Intel reduced the power usage of the CPU hence reducing the heat produced, making ATX effective.

Main Differences Between ATX and BTX

  1. ATX motherboard is predecessor of BTX designed to replace the earlier AT design. On the other hand, BTX motherboard is the newer version of ATX and it is designed so as to maximize the cooling of the processor used.
  2. The full form of ATX is the Advanced Technology eXtended. On the other hand, the full form of BTX is Balanced Technology eXtended.
  3. The flow of air is less in the design of ATX motherboard. On the other hand, the flow of air is more in the design of BTX motherboard.
  4. The IO port is situated on the top of an ATX board. On the other hand, the IO port is situated on the bottom of a BTX board.
  5. The use of ATX motherboard is more in the desktops. On the other hand, the use of BTX motherboard is rarely seen in desktops.
  6. The ATX motherboard does not require a special arrangement in the design of motherboard components so as to maximize the cooling. On the other hand, the BTX motherboard requires a special arrangement in the design of motherboard components so as to maximize the cooling.

Conclusion

The BTX board is an advance version of the ATX board. The BTX board is designed specially and the components of the motherboard are arranged in such a way so as to maximize the cooling of the processors used in the computer.

The components like the IO port, the memory modules, the expansion slots, etc, have been shifted to a new location in order to allow the maximize the flow of air in the motherboard and hence avoiding the heating issues caused in the board.

Even after all this, the BTX board is not used and can be seen rarely in the desktops of the motherboards. The ATX board is still widely used in the computers.

References

  1. https://asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/InterPACK/proceedings-abstract/InterPACK2005/42002/287/306007
  2. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ728913