Bonding vs Grounding: Difference and Comparison

Bonding and Grounding are methods that fasten metallic parts to the conducting pathway, which is a means of protection from electricity connection.

Key Takeaways

  1. Bonding refers to connecting two or more conductive objects to eliminate differences in electrical potential and reduce the risk of electric shock or fire. In contrast, grounding refers to connecting an object to the earth to discharge electrical charges and reduce the risk of electric shock or fire.
  2. Bonding is used for conductive objects that are not grounded, such as pipes or tanks, while grounding is used for objects that require a direct path to the earth, such as electrical panels or generators.
  3. Bonding and grounding are important safety measures in electrical systems and should be performed correctly and regularly.

Bonding vs. Grounding

Bonding refers to the practice of connecting two or more conductive objects together to ensure they are at the same electrical potential and is done to prevent the buildup of static electricity. Grounding involves connecting an electrical circuit or device to the Earth or a grounding system.

Bonding vs Grounding

Bonding is a process that is performed by connecting a non-current-carrying metal or objects. These metals are bonded at the same value or bonding level, with the same electrical potential as the electrical parts.

Grounding is a process that connects an electrical system to earth in a way that will restrict the voltage produced by lightning; line rushes, or accidental connection with higher-voltage lines, and that will maintain the voltage to earth through a normal process.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonBondingGrounding
DefinitionBonding is the process of securing fusible pieces to establish a conducting route. Grounding is any voluntary or unexpected connection between an electrical course or device and the ground.
GuaranteeBonding guarantees reliable electrical connection to the electrical distribution system of the house. while Grounding warrants that all metal components of an electrical circuit that an individual might reach are attached to the earth, guaranteeing zero voltage.
PerformanceBonding is obtained by utilizing a wire. Grounding is performed and done by practicing a rod.
UsageBonding produces protection through a lapse current.Grounding to the surface has no substantial influence on the performance of the electrical usage.
ProtectionBonding separately does not offer protection but connects the electrical current to the metal parts properly.Grounding makes sure that electrical energy is contained and protected from accidental touch.

What is Bonding?

Bonding is performed by applying an ordinarily non-current-carrying conductor to attach devices to keep them at an equal voltage.

Bonding these types of equipment together will limit possible electrocution if a person touches two parts of pool supplies simultaneously if one of those pieces of equipment is at a different voltage than the other.

Regarding the house’s electrical system, bonding forms a way for ground-fault current to move back to the panel to free the fault. To say differently, bonding allows the electric current to pass through a breaker if a piece of faulty or damaged device is secured in place. 

What is Grounding?

Grounding is a process used for connecting the active part, which means the piece which provides electric current following a normal state through the earth, for instance, the inactive portion of the power parts.

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There are a few causes of problems with electrical distribution system wires. These may be because of thunderbolts, line faults, or accidental connections with different high-voltage lines, precariously high voltages can originate in the electrical circulation mode wires.

Some black wires are commonly used in this type of grounding process. Every type of electronic circuit, AC & DC currents, requires a source zero volts potential known as the ground in electrical engineering to make the electrical current run from the generator to load plausible.

Main Differences Between Bonding and Grounding

  1. Bonding produces protection through lapse current, and grounding to the surface has no substantial influence on the performance of the electrical usage.
  2. Bonding separately does not handle protecting something, but if one of the cases is grounded, electrical energy stock-up is not probable.
References
  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/9128052/

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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28 thoughts on “Bonding vs Grounding: Difference and Comparison”

  1. This article contains very useful information on how to do Bonding and Grounding. It is clear and well-explained. I appreciate the time and effort the author took to compile this information.

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