Difference Between By and With

A sentence is a set of words, phrases, or clauses that contains the subject which describes the meaning, command, questions, performance, action, and so on with linking words.

English grammar includes the sentences, articles, punctuations, tenses, mood, voice, and parts of speech and many other technical aspects of writing and speaking.

A preposition is a word followed by nouns and pronouns, which links the words within sentences. Preposition plays the role of connecting people, things, location, and duration of a sentence.

Some of the prepositions are like in, at, on, besides, after, before, until, unless, by, and with so on.

By vs With

The difference between By and With is that By is used in a passive sentence (Voice) which explains someone’s action and With, is mostly used in Active sentences (Voice) which explains what was the action used to perform.

By vs With

By and with both are prepositions. By and with can show how something can be done. By and with plays a different role in the active and passive voice, sometimes by can replace by with, in passive voice sentence.

Active voice sentence most of the time, by follows a verb and whereas, with follows a noun.

Active voice means where the subject performs on the verb’s action and passive voice means subject acted by a verb. By is a preposition and acts as an adverb, adjective and noun sometimes.

By normally indicates the who acts. With is also preposition, which means express and what was used to act.


Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonByWith
FunctionIt explains someone’s action or who performed the actionIt explains what was used to perform the action
Indication‘By’ can indicate a person, institution, animal, or object‘With’ can indicate ingredients, tools, or part of the body
In PhrasesIt is followed by a verbIt is Followed by Noun
GrammarIt is a preposition, it also acts as Noun, Adverb, and adjectiveIt is a Preposition word
Voice – GrammarIt is mainly used in Passive voice sentence constructionIt is used in Active voice sentence


When to Use By?

By is a preposition, we use ‘by’ to show someone who has done something or performed an action. It can also be used as a noun, adverb, and adjective.  It can be used in several situations to express someone’s action.

When the word ‘by’ is used in a sentence, it is always in the passive voice. The action performed by a person or things usually showed at the end of the sentence by using the preposition BY.

For E.g.

  1. Milan paid bills by using credit card
  2. We sent money by money order

By – to show when someone’s action or done

For E.g.

  1. Riya encouraged the team by joining
  2. The car is driven by Sheena

By – to show someone how something is to be done

For E.g.

  1. Milan paid bills by using credit card
  2. Whenever I travel by bus, I always go to club class

By – used to show when a person or things next to them or near

For E.g.

  1. Ayaan was by my side in the whole journey
  2. Lara just passed by the bus

By – used describe situation later than, before, or at

For E.g.

  1. Amazon promised to deliver by 5 o’clock
  2. I have to make payment by this weekend

By – When describing amount, hours, minute by minute, hour by hour, day by day

For E.g.

  1. His salary will increase by 30%

By – used to describe someone’s nature, profession, and agree to the situation

For E.g.

  1. She is a doctor by profession
  2. She was looking gorgeous by wearing a white dress

When to Use With?

The word ‘with’ is a Preposition, it used to indicate the connection between the things and people. It also explains where the objects are located,  the association, and what was the action performed.

‘With’ do not explain who did the action, but it explains what action was performed. With is always used to explain or describe objects that were used to perform any action. The sentence usually will be in Active Voice.

‘With’ – is used to indicate that when people or things are together or doing something together.

For E.g.

  1. Ayaan was with Sheena when she visited the hospital
  2. The car was with Avin when I met him

With – used when something or someone is included in doing something or acting.

For E.g.

  1. She wiped the water on the table with cloth
  2. I saw a beautiful girl in the market with long hair

With – used in the different phrases at the beginning at the end of letter

For E.g.

  1. With love, John
  2. With best wishes. Hima

With – used to indicate the relation between the Person or things

For E.g.

  1. She was very honest with him
  2. He carries a gun always with him for safety purposes.

With – used to indicate situations against something or because of or caused by something or someone

For E.g.

  1. She has fought with her mother to go to Goa
  2. With all this nonsense I forgot his birthday

With – used to describe separation, comparison, support followed by

For E.g.

  1. Sheen ended her long-time relationship with her boyfriend
  2. They both are twins. But nothing is common with them
  3. I will always be with you on your tough time
  4. Will get conditioner free along with the shampoo

Main Differences Between By and With

  1. The main difference between By and With is in the type of sentence each will feature. ‘By’ is always used in the sentences with passive voice whereas the latter features in active voice sentences.
  2. Any institution, object or a person is denoted using the word ‘By’, but ‘With’ is primely utilized to denote ingredients, tools, or any part of the body.
  3. By is followed by a verb as it indicates an action on the subject. Whereas ‘With’ is followed by a Noun.
  4. The different grammatical forms that these words represent also differs, By is not only a preposition, it can also be used as a noun, adjective and an adverb while ‘With’ is a preposition and remains the same in any situation.
  5. ‘By’ is the word mainly used to indicate a person or a thing responsible for action while ‘With’ is the word used to denote something that is required to do the act.
Difference Between By and With


  1. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/by
  2. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/with
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