Difference Between Carbs and Calories (With Table)

A healthy diet includes the required amount of carbs and calories in its diet. On the journey to weight loss, many people take only an ample amount of carbs and calories. Thereby, losing their weight. 

Likewise, during weight gaining, people need to maintain their carbs and calories intake for better results. 

Food contains nutrients, macronutrients, calories, etc. They are necessary for the processing and working of our body. Calories act as units of energy, whereas Carbs are macronutrients. 

Carbs vs Calories

The difference between carbs and calories is that carbs are macronutrients present in the specific food whereas calories are used as a measurement of energy provided by the specific food. Calories come from different sources such as proteins, carbs, and fats. So, Carbs provide a specific amount of energy to the consumer, while calories indicate the energy processed by that particular food. 

Carbs are macronutrients that are organic compounds composed of oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen based on chemical composition. Its main work is to break down and provide energy to the body for mechanisms and tasks. Besides, being an extensive category of food that includes sugar, starch, cellulose, and dietary fiber. 

Calories are a means of measurement of energy provided by a particular food. A certain amount of calories is required for every task. So, To be healthy and fit, an ample amount of calories need to be maintained by the consumer to maintain it. Calories indicate the nutritional information contained by that particular food item. 

Comparison Table Between Carbs and Calories

Parameters of comparisonCarbsCalories
RefersCarbs are a type of macronutrient Calories are a unit of measurement of energy
Definition Carbs are composed of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon, hence, they are organic compounds. After breaking down, they provide energy. Calories are obtained from various sources such as proteins, carbs, and fats, and released energy is used for performing several tasks. 
SourceCarbs are obtained from a diet enriched with carbs. While calories are obtained from various sources proteins, carbs, and fats. 
Role Carbs release energy for our body to work.Calories maintain the metabolism rate and functions of our body. 
Found Cereals, potatoes, noodles, fruits, breadPeanut butter, candy bars, fried foods, and processed meats. 

What is Carbs?

Carbs are macronutrients present in the food that gives energy to the body. Many macronutrients are present in the foods, such as protein, carbs, and fats. 

The composition of the carbs is oxygen, carbon, and oxygen. Its significant work is to provide energy after breaking down, thereby used for further tasks and mechanisms. 

Carb is an extensive category in which many food items are included, such as sugar, starch, cellulose, and dietary fiber. It may be present in healthy as well as unhealthy food. 

Rather than limiting the number of carbs, the quality of carbs is not good. Focusing on the quality of carbs will help in maintaining a diet more. Refraining from an unhealthy source of carbs will make you healthier. 

However, Carbs are not an essential part of a healthy diet. But, it significantly is a critical component of the diet as it gives energy for further tasks and mechanisms. 

Carbs are a significant portion of a balanced diet. It does not cause obesity, however, consumption of unhealthier sources of carbs may result in obesity due to quality. 

Maintaining the quality of the carbs is necessary as it affects the body directly. Therefore, in a balanced diet, carbs quality and quality both needed to be maintained. 

What is Calories?

Calories are units of measurement for energy provided by the specific food item. It lists all the nutritional values as well. 

A certain amount of calories are required by individuals for performing tasks. But, if you exceed the limit of calories, it may result in obesity or other problems. 

Food’s nutritional value is not only based on the calorie count. But, its nutritional value is based on the composition of food. If food does not contain any vitamins, minerals, fibers, or proteins. Then it is a nutrient-dense product. It only contains calories but no other nutritional value. 

Different macronutrients provide different amounts of calories. Protein and carbs provide half more calories than fat. 

That’s why many people restrict fat in their diet as the number of calories provided by the fat. Whereas, some fats are required for good health. 

Dietary recommendations propose a specific calorie range. The number of calories is affected by age, metabolism, work, etc. So, to work efficiently, a certain amount of calories are consumed by an individual. 

Even, during weight loss, a certain amount of calories needed to be consumed. But, they have to burn some calories, to lose some weight. The most important thing to remember when losing weight is to burn more calories while eating a specific quantity of calories.

Main Differences Between Carbs and Calories

Carbs and Calories are vastly different. But both are the main component of a balanced diet. A balanced diet needs to maintain some carbs as well as calories to be healthy. 

  1. Carbs are a type of macronutrient, whereas calories are a unit of measurement. 
  2. Calories release a specific amount of energy, whereas calories can be obtained from various sources such as proteins, carbs, and fats. 
  3. Calories are composed of oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen, therefore they are organic compounds, Whereas calories are energy released by the specific food. 
  4. Calories come from various sources such as proteins, carbs, and fats, whereas carbs come from a diet enriched with carbs. 
  5. Carbs’ significant role is to provide energy to perform tasks, while calories’ main role is to maintain the metabolic rate and functions of the body. 


Carbs and calories are vastly different from each other. Their functionality, source, and composition all are different. 

Carbs are a type of macronutrient that is a critical component of our diet, whereas calories are units of measurement of energy processed by the food. Both have to satisfy different requirements by our body. Despite the fact, diets are altered nowadays based on needs. 

Low carbs with high calories diet for weight loss or moderate carbs with high calories for weight gaining diet. 

Calories play a lot of role in the diet. A certain amount of calories is needed to maintain despite whatever your ulterior goal. Our body needs several calories to perform tasks efficiently. 

Carbs can be categorized into healthy and unhealthy based on their effect on the body for longer consumption. Unhealthy carbs can further lead to obesity.  

Therefore, maintaining a good balanced healthy diet is necessary for all. 


  1. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-abstract/79/5/899S/4690223
  2. https://anitabean.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Carbs-feature-min.pdf
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