Difference Between Cello and Violin (With Table)

Music is a form of art that requires knowledge as well as creativity. Knowledge is in learning the way a musical instrument is played. And creativity comes from the heart. There are various types and variants of musical instruments available. Cello and Violin are two musical instruments mostly used in the orchestra.

Cello vs Violin

The difference between Cello and Violin is that Cello is larger in size, and Violin is smaller in comparison to it. A cello is played by holding it between the legs, while a violin is held between the chin and the shoulder. The notes produced by a cello are lower in pitch when compared to that of a violin. There are even more between the two instruments, which can be noticed by musicians.

Cello is a musical instrument that belongs to the violin family. Just that, it is bigger and has a lower pitch sound. It consists of four strings and a metal spike at the bottom. It is played in a seating position, where it is held between the two legs. One who plays the cello is known as a Cellist.

On the other hand, Violin is a string musical instrument that is the smallest as well as the highest-pitched within the violin family. It also consists of four strings. There are three different ways in which a violin can be played, either by drawing a bow along strings, by plucking strings with fingers, or striking strings with the wooden side of the bow. Violin is held between the chin and the shoulder while playing it.

Comparison Table Between Cello and Violin

Parameters of Comparison CelloViolin
SizeA cello is bigger. A violin is smaller in comparison.
WeightIt can go over 5lbs in terms of weight.It can only go around 0.88lbs.
String DimensionThe strings are thicker and longer.The strings are thinner.
String TuningThe tuning notes range from A, D, G to C from the thickest string to the thinnest.The tuning notes are G, D, A and E.
SoundIt produces a low-pitched sound.While it produces a high-pitched sound.
Playing Position It is played in a seating position.It can be either played while standing or seating.
Holding Position It is held between the legs.It is held between the chin and the shoulder.

What is Cello?

A Cello or Violoncello is a musical instrument of the violin family with the bowstring. It has four strings that are tuned from low to high notes; C2, G2, D3, and A3. Each of the strings differs in an octave from the other. Being larger in size, the cello is held between the legs while playing it.

The sound produced by a cello is deep and low-pitched, giving it uniqueness. It is made by a combination of many wood varieties of different ages and origins. The strings of a cello are thicker and longer. This helps to produce a lower frequency sound when tied off at the lower ends of the instrument at a distance. The rubber bands used for strings are flat and unbreakable, due to which a low-pitched sound is heard.

The bow of a cello is made of tropical hardwood. Bow hair is horsehair, which is white and treated. However, black horsehair is preferred by some cellists who consider it to provide a better grip and be more suitable. The gap between the stick of the bow and the horsehair is quite large in the case of a cello. This makes the bow more durable.

A cello is preferably played in a seating position. But in rare cases, cellists play it in a standing position for showmanship. It becomes quite difficult to handle as the cello is bigger and heavier. The issue of portability also becomes obvious due to this.

What is Violin?

A Violin, otherwise known as a Fiddle sometimes, is yet another chordophone of the violin family. It is the smallest of the family and produces a high-pitched sound. It has four strings tuned in perfect notes; G3, D4, A4, and E5. Although several musical genres utilise violin, western classical tradition uses it the most.

In addition to this, the violin is also considered a vital part of folk music. Varieties of folk music such as Bluegrass music, country music, jazz etc., utilise violin prominently. For rock music and fusion jazz, electric violins are preferred. Made up of maple and spruce, a violin is lighter in weight. The strings are made from thin rubber bands which, when stretched long, give a high-frequency sound.

The bow of a violin is very delicate and thinner in circumference. In contrast to the cello, the gap between the stick of the bow of a violin and the horsehair is lesser. The bow is used with vigour, just like in the cello. It functions according to the demands and playing style.

Going with the facts, a violin is played by holding it between the chin and the shoulder. It can be playing in standing as well as seating position. Due to its lightweight, the musicians lift it upwards sometimes while playing, which gives a pleasant melody.

Main Differences Between Cello and Violin

  1. Cello is bigger and heavier than Violin.
  2. Cello produces a low-pitched sound, while Violin produces a high-pitched one.
  3. The strings of the cello are thicker and longer.
  4. Violin can be played while sitting or standing, while cello can only be played while seating.
  5. Violin is held between the chin and shoulder, and cello is held between the legs.

Conclusion

Different styles and varieties of musical instruments are available in the market today. They use different techniques and produce various types of sound as well. Cello and Violin are two of the instruments which belong to the same family. The name of the family is the Violin family.

Even though similarities are visible between a cello and a violin, they have differences too. The cello is bigger and heavier when compared to the violin. The violin delivers a high pitch, while the cello delivers a low pitch. Both the instruments are popularly used on separate occasions and manners.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2307/3345438
  2. https://asa.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1121/1.1915847
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