Difference Between Cooperatives and Corporations

Cooperatives and Corporations are two terms that might sound very similar, but in reality, these are very different from each other. The two words are indeed very much related to each other but have significant features that make them far alike. It is important to know each term correctly in order to use them in a correct manner.

Cooperatives vs Corporation

The main difference between Cooperatives and Corporations is that Cooperatives are a group of people who come together to form an association having similar interests, goals, and needs. On the other hand, a Corporation is regarded as a body that is legalized by the law and under which a number of people work.

Cooperatives and Corporations

The term Cooperatives is used to indicate an association or group of people who come together to work in coordination with each other. These people mostly have similar interests, aims, and requirements, which lead them to cooperate and work with each other for kinds of benefits like personal, financial, or social.

The term Corporations is used to describe a legal body that is made under rules and regulations which are authorized by the law. It is a lot different from Cooperatives and is maintained by a group of officials who are called the Board of Directors and take care of important decisions and situations. 

Comparison Table Between Cooperatives and Corporation

Parameters of ComparisonCooperativesCorporation
AboutIt is regarded as a group of people who cooperate and work with each other for benefit.It is a legal body that is completely separate from its workers.
FormationIt is formed by a few or many people who guarantee to work together and have common goals and needs.It is formed in regards to legal laws and rules.
OwnershipIt is owned by the members of the cooperative body.It is owned by stockholders.
Money raisingIt is the investments of each member that help in raising money.It is done by investing in stocks and shares.
ManagementIt is run by either elected members or every member in a democratic manner. It is run by an elected board of directors.

What is Cooperatives?

Cooperatives, as the word already suggests, are a group of people its similar ideas, beliefs, and needs who come together to work in coordination with each other while cooperating. It is considered a highly nonprofit organization that is founded by members who are willing to work together for mutual benefits, personal benefits, financial support, or any other such reasons. Any profit that is earned is divided equally among the members of the group, and in case they do not earn a profit, they opt for acquiring benefits or other services. 

Aqua productive is completely owned by its included members, and therefore they all share the ownership equally. There are many types of cooperatives like volunteer cooperative, retailers cooperative, new generation cooperative, consumers cooperative, utility cooperative, social cooperative, housing cooperative, an agricultural cooperative, and many more.

There is a specific structure and cooperative principles under which a cooperative works. The seven principles are democratic member control, autonomy and independence, voluntary and open membership, education training and information, concern for community, economic participation by members, and in the end – cooperation among cooperatives. Any funds and money that is raised under cooperative are solely investments of the members, and if it is a solution that needs to take place, the final approval will be by members after equal voting.

What is Corporation?

A corporation is a body that is formed by following the state laws and articles of incorporation. It is regarded as a legal authority that is completely separate from the owners. The ownership of a corporation is not in the hands of its members, employees, or customers but with stockholders. It has its liabilities and rights and is completely up to the corporation whether they want to work for a profit or not.

The corporation is divided into two broad types, which are a professional corporation and subchapter s corporation. All the management work is handled by another body created within the corporation or sometimes outside of it and is called the board of directors. It is not well flexible and is more of a structured body that needs to work according to the corporation’s charter.

In order to raise money, a corporation sells stocks and other financial instruments. If there happens to be a fault or a problem, the entire liability depends on the cooperation itself, and nothing is on the stockholders. Also, if the corporation needs a resolution, that has to be the government approval as well as stockholder approval.

Main Differences Between Cooperatives and Corporation

  1. A Cooperative is a group of people who come together to work in coordination for benefit, whereas a Corporation is a legal body that is completely separate from the workers.
  2. Cooperatives are formed by a number of people having common goals and need by putting their opinions, whereas a corporation is formed under legal rules and regulations. 
  3. Cooperatives are owned by their members, whereas the ownership of a Corporation is held by stockholders.
  4. The money raised in cooperatives is an investment of its constituting members. On the other hand, a Cooperation raises money with the help of stocks and shares.
  5. A cooperative is managed by its members either directly by democracy or by electing some members. On the other hand, a Cooperation is managed by a legal and official body known as the Board of Directors.

Conclusion

Cooperative and corporation sound and spell almost similar, and it is a matter of the fact that people sometimes use them interchangeably. Beta went through the differences between them and their actual definition and structure; it is now very obvious that the two terms are very different in the circumstances that can be used in place of one another. While on the one hand, a cooperative is a body formed of people of similar interests and goals. On the other hand, a corporation is a legal body that is formed in accordance with rules and regulations and is run by officials.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-8292.2012.00467.x
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213297X16300039
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