Difference between Democrat and Republican (with Table)

The Republican Party and the Democratic Party are the two major contemporary political parties in the United Stated. Democratic Party is the US’s oldest active political party. Republican Party is referred to as an advocate of a republic. The members of the Democratic Party are Democrats and members of the Republican Party are Republicans.

In major democracies, two umbrella political parties are often loosely called the conservatives and liberals. In the US, Republicans can be termed as the conservatives and the Democrats as the liberals.

The difference between the Republicans and the Democrats is that Republicans are primarily shaped by the religious and nationalist groups, while Democrats are shaped by liberals and Marxists. 

Comparison Table Between Democrats and Republicans

Parameters of ComparisonDemocratsRepublicans
Who are theyMembers of the Democratic partyMembers of the Republic party
PhilosophyAligned towards liberal philosophy also called as left-leaning.Republican follow conservative and right leaning ideologies.
Colour RepresentedBlueRed
SymbolDonkeyElephant
Economic IdeasDemocrats believe that higher tax rates can be imposed on people with higher incomes. And increasing the taxes will fund government programs.  Republicans do not favor increasing tax rates, moreover, they don’t subscribe to the viewpoint that people with higher incomes need to pay more tax. They prefer a flat tax.  
Stance on Government RegulationGovernment regulations are necessary to protect consumers.              Government regulations obstruct free market and job growth.  
Healthcare PolicyDemocrats strongly believe that Governments can support and provide better Healthcare.            Republicans’ believe that the Government can’t run healthcare services as efficiently as Private companies.  
Strong States Some of the States where Democrats have strongholds are New York, Massachusetts, California.              Some of the states where Republicans have strong voices are – Texas, Kansas, and Oklahoma  
Famous Presidents Franklin Roosevelt (FDR), Bill Clinton, Woodrow Wilson, Jimmy Carter, John F. Kennedy, Barack Obama            Abraham Lincoln, Ronald Reagan, Teddy Roosevelt George Bush, Richard Nixon  
Preceded byDemocratic-Republican PartyFree Soil party and Whig Party.

What is Democrat?

The Democrats, support democracy and seek to deepen democracy as a government process. They promote human rights as a fundamental part of American institutions. The Democratic Party began around the time of America’s independence from British rule in 1792. Andrew Jackson was the first Democratic President.

Democrats support a tax system that places a greater burden on the rich and large corporations, and they prefer spending on social programs rather than on defense. Democrats support the civil rights of minorities, and they believe in creating a safety net for individuals, backing various social welfare programs, including healthcare. To fund these programs and other initiatives, Democrats often increase the tax. Democrats also support environmental protection programs, gun control, less-strict immigration laws, and worker rights. The democrats go by their symbol Donkey. John F. Kennedy, Bill Clinton, Barack Obama are some famous Democrat Presidents.

image

What is Republican?

Republicans, just as the name suggest, support government as a republic. The Republican Party was founded in 1854. The Republican Party elected Abraham Lincoln, as the first Republican president. The party was known as GOP, widely understood as “Grand Old Party,” in the 1870s. 

Initially created to support a free market economy that countered the Democratic Party’s agrarian leanings and support of slave lobor, the Republicans have been associated with reducing taxes to stimulate the economy, deregulation, and conservative social values.

The Republican party’s mascot is the elephant. Abraham Lincoln, Teddy Roosevelt, George Bush are some of the famous Republican Presidents. 

image 1

Main Differences Between Democrat and Republican

  1. Democrats give greater importance to equality and social/community responsibility. In contrast, Republican philosophy leans more towards individual freedoms, rights, and responsibilities.
  2. Democrats favor stricter gun control laws that is, oppose the right to carry concealed weapons in public places. Republicans oppose gun control laws and are strong supporters of the idea to right to bear arms as well as the right to carry concealed weapons.
  3. When it comes to Military matters, Democrats do not prefer to increase spending on Defence, whereas, Republicans prefer to increase the spending on Defence and have a more hardline stance against countries like Iran.
  4. Democrats support abortion rights. Republicans believe that abortion should not be legal.
  5. Democrats strongly believe that Governments can support and provide Universal Healthcare whereas Republicans believe that the Government can’t run the healthcare services as efficiently as Private companies.
  6. Democrats favor equal rights for gay and lesbian couples, that is, the right to get married and adopt children. Republicans believe that marriages can happen only between a man and a woman, hence are against LGBTQ.
  7. Democrats favor friendlier immigration policies whereas Republicans favor stringent immigration policies.
  8. Democrats believe in the the idea of minimum wages. Republicans think that wages need to be fixed by the free market.
  9. Democrats favor environmental regulations and anti-discrimination laws for workers. Republicans consider these regulations harmful to business and job growth as most of these laws have inadvertent consequences.
  10. The color Red is associated with the Republicans (as in Red states – the states where the Republican presidential nominee wins) and Blue is associated with the Democrats.
  11. The Democratic Party is now strongest in the Northeast (Mid-Atlantic and New England), Great Lakes Region, the Pacific Coast (especially Coastal California), including Hawaii. Since 1980 the Republican is strongest in the South and West including Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska.

Conclusion

Democrats, as a party, believe that America is defined by its Constitution. They support democracy and seek to deepen democracy as a government process. They dream that the citizen has equal rights under the law. America is about what people believe in. The Republicans are of the opinion that America is a nation of ‘Blood and Soil.’ It is the land for which America’s ancestors died, the land which they built with their blood and sweat and stick to the conservative social ideas. They support the government as a republic.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11109-019-09542-z
  2. https://www.gop.com/
  3. https://democrats.org/