Difference Between Eczema And Psoriasis

Eczema and Psoriasis are both types of skin diseases that cause the skin to burn or itch. The main symptom of both of these diseases is itchy skin and rashes. And therefore, both of them can be confused easily.

One of the biggest differences between eczema and psoriasis is their treatment. The key differences between the two are mentioned below.

Eczema vs Psoriasis

The main difference between Eczema and Psoriasis is that in eczema the itching is very intense while in psoriasis the itching is not very intense, it’s mild.

Another main difference is the location of the patches. Eczema usually affects the scalp and buttocks. Psoriasis typically affects the elbows and buttocks as well as the face.

Eczema vs Psoriasis

There is no one cure for psoriasis. However, many treatments can be used to treat the underlying cause. Side effects can occur with some treatments for psoriasis. They are best used when the condition has become more severe.

A variety of topical creams and lotions can help control the symptoms of psoriasis. Many people find relief from a prescription topical medication that is available in the market.

Eczema is an itchy inflammation of the skin. It generally occurs in people who have a family history of this condition or have allergies. Certain creams and ointments are available in the market which can help provide relief in eczema.

Comparison Table Between Eczema And Psoriasis

Parameters of ComparisonEczemaPsoriasis
What are they?Eczema is a skin inflammation disease in which red itchy spots occur on the skin.It is an autoimmune disease that forms red patches on the skin and causes itching.
CauseThe cause of eczema can be either genetic or environmental factors like allergies.The cause is that your immune system is dysfunctional and the skin cells grow faster than normal.
SymptomsRed patchy spots on the back of the knees or underarms.Red itchy spots on scalp, buttocks, elbows, face, etc. Psoriasis causes terrible burns and cab be very itching.
DiagnosisEczema is self-diagnosable.Psoriasis requires a medical diagnosis.
TreatmentDoctor’s prescribed ointments and creams.Psoriasis can be treated with creams but it can’t be cured.

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a skin disease that can be caused by irritants or allergies. The causes of eczema are varied. Eczema can be triggered by stress, allergies triggers, or other factors. Some people have it all year.

Those suffering from eczema should consult with a dermatologist. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics if the rash is due to an infection.

Eczema can cause severe itching and if you scratch too much, you can bleed as well, which will be very harmful. Seek medical attention as soon as you can if you have red patches on your body and they itch.

Some of the best ways to prevent and treat eczema are to minimize the effects of stress. Avoid overheating your skin. Keep your bedroom cool. Use doonas and other soft blankets when sleeping.

Bath products with perfume or medicated labels should be avoided. Wear soft materials close to your skin and avoid scratching. Make sure to remove clothing labels. Wear rubber gloves with cotton gloves if you have to use chemicals.

If you can’t avoid the irritant, wear a thick emollient ointment to protect your skin. You can use mild emollient creams if soap is not an option. After showers, pat dries the affected area.

Use a dry dressing at night to prevent scratching. The ointment should be applied at bedtime.

What is Psoriasis?

Skin rashes can be caused by an overactive immune system, which results in the rapid growth of skin cells. Normal skin sheds its dead cells every month. However, people suffering from psoriasis will notice plaques on their skin within three to four days.

These scales can be itchy, itchy, and can sting. These patches can appear on any part of the body, but most commonly they are found on the scalp and elbows.

The disease may be diagnosed by a doctor or a dermatologist. Plaque psoriasis is a condition that causes a thick red patch with silvery-white scales.

People with this type of rashes may experience itching, burning, or bleeding. This can lead to mental problems. In severe cases, psoriasis may even cause joint damage and discomfort.

The symptoms of psoriasis are often very visible and are most noticeable when accompanied by an illness or injury. Guttate psoriasis is a common rash on the trunk of the body, but it can also occur on the legs, arms, and scalp.

Inverse psoriasis can be described as small, rough patches of skin. These spots can form in areas where the skin touches another part of the body.

People with psoriasis often have other health conditions, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.

Main Differences Between Eczema And Psoriasis

  1. Eczema can be treated with the help of a medical professional while psoriasis can’t be cured.
  2. Eczema affects the upper layers of the skin, while psoriasis affects the lower layers.
  3. Eczema resolves in a few days to a month. On the other hand, psoriasis can last for years.
  4. Eczema can be diagnosed by self, it doesn’t require lab tests. Psoriasis requires a medical diagnosis.
  5. Eczema occurs typically on the arms and behind the knees. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the skin, and sometimes it even occurs on the skin under nails.
Difference Between Eczema And Psoriasis

Conclusion

When it comes to skin conditions, psoriasis and eczema are often confused, but they have very similar symptoms. Both conditions cause itchy, red patches on the skin, which can often be found on the lower body, arms, and legs.

Sometimes both conditions may be present in one area, making it difficult for patients to distinguish between them.

Dermatologists can tell the differences between the two diseases by the way they look and the type of symptoms. Sometimes eczema and psoriasis overlap. If you suspect this, it is important to seek medical attention.

Both are immune-mediated chronic diseases that can lead both to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

References

  1. https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/381913
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/exd.13077
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