Difference Between Futures Contracts and Forward Contracts

Buying and selling the asset is a complex process without knowing the things. The futures contracts and forward contracts makes the traders buy the resource at a fixed price in the future.


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Test your knowledge about topics related to business

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Importing goods for the purpose of re-export is termed as ___________.

2 / 10

When at least 51% shares are in the hands of government, it is called as __________.

3 / 10

Which of the following speculators expect fall in the prices of securities in the near future?

4 / 10

Productivity means how much was done compared to what it took to do it.

5 / 10

Non-economic activities aim at __________.

6 / 10

__________ scale firms enjoy economies of scale.

7 / 10

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8 / 10

The management of the company is entrusted to __________.

9 / 10

Office is a place where ___________.

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If a general manager asks the sales manager to recruit some salesman on his behalf, it is an instance of ___________.

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Futures Contracts vs Forward Contracts

The difference between the futures contract and the forward contract is the time of the registration. The Futures contracts is an agreement between the two to buy the asset at a specific rate and time in the future. The forward contract is the agreement between two to obtain the resource at a manifest rate and time in the future. A futures contracts is a standard contract. It means the seller and buyer can’t negotiate the agreement. The forward contract is the tailor contract means the deal can be transmitted.

Futures Contracts vs Forward Contracts

The futures contracts is the conventional contract. Bind at one time and execute at some other time. It is a deal to acquire the asset at a particular rate and time.

The forward contracts is a nonstandard agreement. It has the term to transmit the agreement at any time. The forward contracts is to buy the resource at an assured time at the agreed price.

Comparison Table

Parameters of comparisonFutures contractsForward contracts
CollateralThe futures agreement needs security.The forward contracts doesn’t need collateral.
RegulationThe futures contracts regulated by the stock exchangeThe forward contracts is self-regulated.
LiquidityThe futures contracts has high liquidityThe forward contracts has low liquidity.
SettlementThe futures contracts needs to settle daily.The forward contracts settles on the settlement date.
MaturityThe futures contracts maturity is predetermined.The forward contracts matured by terms of the agreement.
Size of contractThe futures contracts has a fixed size.Depend on the terms, the size varies in the forward contract.

What is Futures Contracts?

The standardized document referred to the future. The agreement makes to buy the asset in the future at a fixed amount at a specific time.

The futures agreement needs security assurance at the initial stage of the settlement. The futures contracts are like an auction. The amount quotes and the traders buy by the stock exchange.

The futures agreement has a low market risk, and you settle daily, whether profit or loss. Unlike a forward contracts, It has a fixed size of a document for a contract.

futures contracts

What is Forward Contracts?

The forward contracts is a nonstandard agreement to buy the asset in the future. A pre-fixed time for the settlement at a fixed price is the forward contracts.

The forward contracts is transmitted to the traders directly, and it regulates by themselves. The forward contracts doesn’t need any security assurance in the initial stage.

The forward contracts gets the institutional guarantee for the parties. It gets matured once it settles to the respective parties. There is no expiration date but depends on the transaction, expiration occurs.

forward contracts

Main Differences Between Futures Contracts and Forward Contracts

  1. The futures contracts needs to settle daily, and the forward contracts rectified on the settlement date.
  2. The futures contracts maturity is predetermined, and the forward contracts matured by terms of the agreement.


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304405X81900040
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0304405X76900246
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