Difference Between Ginseng and Ginkgo Biloba (With Table)

In the world of medicinal autotrophs, ginseng and ginkgo are quite famous. These medicinal plants have been flowing into man’s civilization throughout its evolution. Not only are these rich in medicinal effects but also act as an important source of anti-aging drugs (not completely though).

Ginseng and ginkgo extracts are commonly used in many drugs. So many years passed throughout mankind, yet these plants continue to serve their irreplaceable purposes in both homeopathy and allopathy. Ginseng and Ginkgo Biloba are both rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents but there are many vital differences between them.

Ginseng vs Ginkgo Biloba

The difference between ginseng and ginkgo is that ginseng is extracted from the roots of Panax genus plants whereas Ginkgo Biloba is extracted from the seeds and leaves. Ginkgo biloba is also known as maidenhair and is a very famous cure for altitude sickness.

Belonging to the Panax genus under the Araliaceae family, ginseng is a slow-growing perennial plant with tons to offer. Extracted from the roots of the Panax genus plants, these cure blood sugar, reduces stress and strains, boost energy levels, and sometimes are used to cure sexual hormone secretions in males. It is mainly found in Korea, Bhutan, and eastern Siberia.

Ginseng roots are typically offered in dried form as a traditional medicine that is considered to have aphrodisiac, stimulant, and anti-diabetes properties, as well as a therapy for male sexual dysfunction.

Ginkgo Biloba on the other hand is extracted from the leaves and seeds of the maidenhair plant. They are usually 25-30 meters tall and are mainly found in Asian provinces especially in China. Interesting facts about ginkgo Biloba includes the fact that it is still not classified under any predefined phyla of plants. The ginkgo’s connection to other plant groupings is yet unknown. It’s been categorized together under the Spermatophyta and Pinophyta divisions, but no connections have been established yet.

Comparison Table Between Ginseng and Ginkgo Biloba

Parameters of comparisonGinsengGinkgo Biloba
Scientific namePanax ginseng, genus: Panax.Ginkgo, (Ginkgo biloba), also called maidenhair tree. Deciduous gymnosperm.
Extracted fromGinseng extract is made from the roots of the plant (Panax ginseng)It is extracted from the leaves and seeds of the maidenhair tree.
Constituent chemicalsGinsenosides, gintonin, and pannexins.Flavonoids and terpenoids are the major components.
Cure for1. Reduces inflammation and acts as an antioxidant.
2. Blood cancer
3.Heart diseases
4.Blood pressure reduction agent
5.Erectile dysfunction  
1. Altitude Sickness
2. Dementia
3. Cognitive Function
4. Dementia
5. Premenstrual Syndrome
6. Normal-Tension Glaucoma    
Side effectsHas very mild side-effects like dizziness, nausea, insomnia, and body ache. None of the side effects is long-term or fatal.Pollens may induce allergies, Can cause blood circulation disorders, diarrhea, seizures. All the side effects can occur if the measured quantity is not prescribed by a doctor.

What is Ginseng?

Ginseng is a medicinal extract from the roots of Panax ginseng which has been used by humans for its extraordinary medicinal values. The genus name “Panax” is derived from a Greek word that means ‘all heal’. Ginseng has got enormous medicinal perks like it is an excellent antioxidant and it can act as a blood pressure reducing agent too!

Ginseng usually contains chemicals called ginsenosides. Ginseng comes in a variety of forms and species, including Panax ginseng (Asian ginseng) and Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng). Other plants, such as Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) and crown prince ginseng, are sometimes confused for ginseng root (Pseudostellaria heterophylla).

When we refer to ginseng, we have two primary species of ginseng based on cultivation and growth. They are listed below along with their features;

  • Wild Ginseng: Mountain ginseng, also known as wild ginseng, grows organically in the mountains and is hand-picked by simian gatherers. The wild ginseng plant is now nearly extinct in China and critically endangered across the world. This is owing to increased demand for the commodity in recent years, which has resulted in wild plants being harvested quicker than they can grow and reproduce. Wild ginseng can later be turned into red and white ginseng.
  • Cultivated Ginseng: When compared to the rarely accessible wild ginseng, cultivated ginseng is less costly. Humans put cultivated ginseng on mountains and allow it to grow like wild ginseng using artificial environments and niche inhibitors.

What is Ginkgo Biloba?

Ginkgo biloba is a plant that is used to treat altitude sickness, cerebrovascular disease insufficiency, dementia, lightheadedness, campylobacter, macular degeneration/glaucoma, memory lapses, pregnancy complications, SSRI-induced erectile dysfunction, and as a bronchodilator.

It is extracted from the leaves and seeds of the infamous tree named Maidenhair. It’s said in many legends that this plant can practically heal any disease (which is partially true). Average maidenhair grows up to 30 meters tall and the seeds are sarcotesta (leathery outer layer) with pale pink, delicate, and fruit-like structure.

Ginkgo leaves are fan-shaped and imitate the leaflets of the ‘maidenhair fern’. They develop on short, spurlike, yet robust stems. The velvety leaves may grow to be up to 8 cm long and twice as wide.

Ginkgo biloba aids in improving blood circulation and enriches the functioning of brain cells. Ginkgo biloba has long been utilized in Chinese medicine. Ginkgo extract became popular in many nations around the end of the twentieth century for its supposed recollection qualities, and the chemical compositions of the plant are being studied as a possible therapy for Alzheimer’s disease.

Main Differences Between Ginseng and Ginkgo Biloba

  1. Ginseng is extracted from the roots of the plant whereas ginkgo is extracted from the leaves and seeds.
  2. Ginseng has no fatal or life-risking side effects but ginkgo can be dangerous if not prescribed by a professional medical officer.
  3. Ginseng has its origin rooted in Korea and other north Asian countries, whereas ginkgo has Chinese origins.
  4. Ginseng consists of ginsenosides, gintonin, and pannexins but ginkgo has flavonoids and terpenoids in it.
  5. Ginseng stimulates the synthesis of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) but ginkgo Biloba simply aids in the improvement of brain function.

Conclusion

Both Panax ginseng and ginkgo Biloba have been utilized to boost cognitive performance and alertness throughout history. It has also been proven that both the plant extracts can fairly contribute to erasing fatal diseases like cancer and heart diseases. Although ginseng is safer and more comfortable for home remedial usage, ginkgo must never be self-prescribed without medical assistance because even a teeny-tiny fluctuation in dosage might put you in serious trouble.

Both the plants have been helping mankind endure several diseases and syndromes via allopathy and ayurvedic medical practices too. It must be significant to use it in control so that sustainable growth of these plants shall be possible for the coming generations too.

References

  1. https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Ginseng.aspx
  2. https://www.rxlist.com/consumer_ginkgo_biloba/drugs-condition.htm#what_is_ginkgo_biloba_and_how_does_it_work

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