Both the term Independence Day and Liberation Day appear to be so overlapping that we often tend to assume them as to be one. It is essential to distinguish them as they are not correlated as we presume.
Independence Day vs Liberation Day
The main difference between Independence Day and Liberation Day in the US is that Independence Day is celebrated on 4th July signifying their Independence from the ferocious British Monarch whereas Liberation Day is usually a public holiday that commemorates on 19th June in the USA.
Independence Day in the USA was declared on 4th July 1776 marking their victory against the ruthless British Rule and their principle of Divide and Rule. It is designated as a federal/ national holiday to pay tribute to the valorous freedom fighters and is celebrated nationally through numerous activities.
Liberation Day in the USA was proclaimed on 19th June 1865 which signifies the freedom of all African-American slaves. This is also declared as a federal holiday by the president. This holiday essentially celebrates the African-American culture and is primarily a symbolic gesture of guaranteeing personal and human rights to all Americans.
Comparison Table Between Independence Day and Liberation Day
|Parameters of Comparison||Independence Day||Liberation Day|
|Date||4th July 1776||19th June 1865|
|Also Known As||‘Fourth of July’ or ‘Birthday of United States’||‘Juneteenth’ or ‘Black Independence Day’|
|Significance||Freedom of 13 colonies under British Rule||Liberty of slaves|
|Prominent personalities||John Adams and Thomas Jefferson||President Abraham Lincoln and Major Army General Gordon Granger|
|Mode of Celebration||Fireworks, Patriotic songs, Patriotic lights, ‘Salute to the Union’||Family gatherings, barbeques, parades/marching, etc.|
What is Independence Day?
During the 1600s most of the British civilians started settling in North America and captured 13 colonies and initiated the unfair treatment of imposing taxes on simple commodities like tea and they had no option but to comply with their laws. Until the Revolutionary war occurred in 1775 which changed the entire scenario.
The legal and actual separation of the 13 colonies from the British Monarch took place on 2nd July when the second continental congress approved it but the declaration consumed the time of 2 days. It was taken forward by Thomas Jefferson.
Thomas Jefferson, the principal author, proposed a document stating the ‘Declaration of Independence’ which was signed by all the 13 colonies but was initially rejected by the British Government. Later on, after the revolutionary war took place America finally got the independence they deserved on 4th July. Many nations including France came forward to support the USA.
Every year the enthusiasm with which Americans celebrate Independence Day is palpable. Many political leaders volunteer to take part in the celebrations which constitute proceedings such as parades, singing patriotic songs, bursting firecrackers and orchestras, concerts, etc. Most of the celebrations take place outdoors. Annually they celebrate ‘Presidential Salute Battery’ or ‘Salute to the Union’ wherein the battery contemplating of well-trained soldiers follow the protocol of one gun for one state and fire them at the Independence Day noon so as to pay tribute to the commandos and freedom fighters.
The first week of July is always considered as the longest travel period/weekend as it grants a 3-day holiday and usually, we observe maximum excursions/celebrations happening during this period.
What is Liberation Day?
Liberation Day in the USA has numerous names such as ‘Jubilee Day’, ‘Emancipation Day’, ‘Freedom Day’, and so on. But the original and most common name is ‘Juneteenth’ which comprises of 2 words, June and Nineteenth thus signifying the date that is so crucial to the African-American citizens of the nation.
It is rightly called the Second Independence Day of the nation solely because it transpired after the main Independence Day. This day entirely focuses on the sacrifices made by the major freedom fighters to ensure that the slaves experience liberty in their own country and guarantee their human rights.
The then President of America Abraham Lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation on 1st January 1863 thus freeing the majority of the slaves from the clutches of infringement. It was designated as a national holiday after the present president of America Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth Act.
After the George Floyd Murder case in 2020 and the ‘Black Lives Matter movement all the private companies declared Juneteenth as a permanent paid holiday for all the employees. The Black Independence Day (Juneteenth) is contemplated as the day when all the Americans became truly free and they celebrate it by hosting family gatherings, dressing up in expensive clothes, merely enjoying the day with zeal.
Main Differences Between Independence Day and Liberation Day
- Both Independence Day and Liberation Day celebrate the sovereignty and freedom of all American citizens and is declared as federal/national holidays.
- Independence Day celebrates the freedom of the 13 colonies that were separated from Great Britain clutches on the other hand Liberation Day celebrates the freedom of African-Americans popularly known as the Black Americans.
- Independence Day was granted on 4th July 1776 whereas Liberation Day occurs on 19th June 1865.
- 4th July is considered as the first Independence Day of the nation and 19th June is referred to as the second Independence Day of the nation.
- Independence Day is also called as ‘Fourth of July’ while Liberation Day is otherwise known as ‘Juneteenth’ alias ‘Emancipation Day’.
As the basic difference between Independence Day and Liberation Day has been mentioned above the hassle of confusion will be reduced. Although both of them celebrate liberty and appear to be the same, they both differ in history and facts. These events are proof that the US and UK who are now best of friends were once arch-rivals!
Independence Day (4th July) is formally known to the entire world and is majorly commemorated with all the political leaders enhancing the day with their presence whereas Liberation Day is more informally celebrated and is usually treated as a public holiday with close family members and is more of a cultural celebration.