Journalism vs Mass Communication: Difference and Comparison

The word journalism was initially applied to reporting current events in written kind, specifically in newspapers. However, with the appearance of radio, television, and, therefore, the net within the twentieth century, the term’s employment broadened to incorporate all written and transmission coping with current affairs.

Mass communication is transmitting and exchanging data to massive population segments through mass media. It’s understood concerning various media, as its technologies square measure used for disseminating knowledge, of which journalism and advertising square measure half.

Key Takeaways

  1. Journalism focuses on gathering, analyzing, and disseminating news and information to the public.
  2. Mass communication encompasses various forms of media, including print, broadcast, and digital media.
  3. Journalists work within the larger mass communication field, including advertising, public relations, and marketing.
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Journalism vs Mass Communication

Mass communication refers to the process of communicating information or messages to a large and diverse audience, through mass media channels. Journalism is a specific type of mass communication that is focused on reporting and presenting news and information to the public.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonJournalismMass Communication
MeaningJournalism is the activity of gathering data concerning the day to day events and matters and notifying the final public concerning constant.Mass communication refers to how a firm or individual will convey data or message to an outsized cluster of individuals, mistreating mass media in barely one go.
Focuses onNews reportingBroadcasting news and data
Content-typeContent is based on facts, proof, and statisticsContent will be supported by facts, history, diversion, politics, fiction, economy, world, sports, cinema, etc.
ObjectiveTo state facts and acquaint the readers with actual events that occurredTo unfold data to plenty, mistreatment varied media platforms.
Creative FreedomNOYES

What is Journalism?

The process of acquiring, analyzing, producing, and presenting news and data. It’s conjointly the merchandise of those activities. A growing sense of mastery marked journalism within the twentieth century.

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There were four vital factors during this trend: the increasing organization of operating journalists, specialized education for journalism, a growing literature coping with the history, problems, and techniques of mass communication associated with journalists taking their social responsibility more seriously.

Journalism will be distinguished from alternative activities and merchandise by specific acknowledgeable characteristics and practices. These components do not solely independent journalism from alternative kinds of communication; they’re what make it indispensable to democratic societies. History reveals the other democratic community, the other news, and the data it tends to possess.

Within the components of Journalism “is not outlined neither by journalists’ methods nor by technology.” Instead, “the principles and purpose of square journalism measure outlined by one thing additional basic: the performance news plays within the lives of individuals. In addition, journalism is sometimes performed in association with various news outlets that gather print media items and provide them to the general public.


What is Mass Communication?

Mass communication (or communications) will be outlined because of the method of making, receiving, sending, and analyzing messages to massive audiences via written and verbal media. It is a bit expansive field that considers not solely why and how a message is formed but conjointly the medium using which it is sent.

These mediums square measure wide-ranging and embrace digital, print media, the net, social media, radio, and tv. Mass communication is multi-disciplinary, incorporating components of corresponding fields like strategic communication, health communication, political communication, integrated promoting communications, journalism, and more.

For students, UN agencies are interested in operating in mass communication or finding it out as an instructional field, and their square measure varied bachelor and master in mass communication programs offered by faculties and universities across the US.

In addition to being an impactful field of applied skilled observation, media and mass communication is a hunting space inside the world. Students within the field study and analyze subjects like how media is employed and its corresponding effects; the processes behind media production; restrictive, legal, and ethical problems in the mass media theory; mass communication; and connected gender and cultural issues.

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The diversity of mass media formats and communication practices permits creative thinking and suppleness in career choice.

mass communication

Main Differences Between Journalism and Mass Communication

Mass communication refers to communication with a big cluster of individuals to convey a title message, provide data, spread awareness, and divert the audience. On the other hand, journalism is the activity of news coverage and current alternative happenings daily to a big audience.

While journalism concerns news coverage, mass communication is related to broadcasting news, messages and data.

In journalism, the journalists rummage around for facts-based or stats-based, primarily data, to report. However, within the case of mass communication, the content will be supported by facts, history, diversion, political, regional, fictional, etc.

Journalism aims to state facts and acquaint all readers with actual events that occurred locally, nationally, or internationally. Mass communication aims to unfold data to plenty, mistreating entirely different media channels.

In journalism, the journalist doesn’t have artistic freedom as facts square measure to state in the same manner as they’re original, with no modifications. Further, it’s a set format for writing news with an exact word limit. On the opposite hand, in mass communication, the author enjoys artistic freedom as a result of, they will explore the subject. Yet, slight changes will be created to the particular data or message, offering far better expertise. So, their square measure multitudinous ways within which the notice will be given to the audience.

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Last Updated : 25 November, 2023

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