Difference Between Knit and Purl (With Table)

Knit and purl stitches are different sorts of stitches used during knitting. These two stitching techniques, though, are nearly identical. Knit stitches are crocheted into the front material, whereas purl stitches are knitted into the rear of the cloth. As a result, the rear of a knit stitch seems to be a purl stitch, and the back of a purl stitch appears to be a knit stitch.

Besides this fundamental difference, there is more to knit and purl techniques, and in this article, we are going to understand both the stitching methods and the way both the techniques differ from each other using a descriptive table and dedicated pointers.

Knit vs Purl

The difference between knit and purl is that In a knit stitch, the needle goes up but behind the thread from within. Whereas, the needle in the purl stitch, on the other hand, drops down and in front of the stitch. Knit and purl patterns are always used to create easy knitted materials. Garter stitch is another name for these patterns. The Stockinette Stitch is made of two parallel rows of knit and purl stitches.

Knitting is a fabric-making technique that involves transforming yarn into cloth. The word ‘knitted’ originates from the Latin Word word ‘cnyttan,’ which means ‘to tie.’ Knitted material is made up of threads, which are rows of loops. Pulling a fresh loop through with an old loop creates each stitch. A needle holds stitches in place until a fresh loop goes through it. Knitting can indeed be done using a yarn winder or by hand.

Purl stitch is the polar opposite of the Stockinette pattern. On the front, there are interlaced lunar forms, while on the rear, there are ‘V’ forms. Purl stitch is mostly used in manual knitting to make a stockinette pattern from the rear of the garment. Even though the Stockinette stitch is quite comparable to the purl stitch which has been used since the eleventh century, the purl stitch was not established until much later.

Comparison Table Between Knit and Purl

Parameters of Comparison KnitPurl
DescriptionKnit is a technique for manipulating yarn to make a textile or cloth. It may be found in a variety of outfits. Purl stitch is the polar opposite of the Stockinette pattern. On the front, there are interlaced lunar forms.
EtymologyOld English cnyttan, of West Germanic origin; related to German dialect knütten, also to knot1. The original meaning was ‘tie in or with a knot’.Late Middle English (as noun): of uncertain origin intertwined by ‘knitting’ Latin meaning.
Introduced inBetween 500-1200 AD in Egypt.In the 16th Century by English knitters.
MethodsKnit stitches resemble layered “V”s. The knit stitch’s rear is similar to the purl stitch’s front. A purl stitch’s front resembles that of a knit stitch’s reverse. Purl stitches are frequently used to create ridges in knitted fabric.
Used inIt is used in all wears and clothes and is most widely used in the world of textiles.Mostly used in manual hand knitted sweaters and clothes.

What is Knit?

Knit is a technique for manipulating yarn to make a textile or cloth. It may be found in a variety of outfits. Knitting can be done with either a hand or machinery. Stitches are made by knit yarn looping in a sequence, either flat or in the circular (tubular). At any given time, the crochet needle generally has a lot of active stitches. Knitted cloth is made up of a series of interwoven loops that weave in and out of the next or preceding rows.

Each fresh loop is drawn throughout one or even more coils from the previous row and positioned on the winning needle as each row is made, allowing the looping from the previous row to be removed off the other needle without unraveling.

Knitting’s simplest fundamental stitch, commonly known as the simple sew, is the knit weave. It’s the first stitch that each beginner knitter will master. Knit stitches resemble layered “V”s. The knit stitch’s rear is similar to the purl stitch’s front. This pattern is knitted from front to back, with the active yarn positioned at the rear.

Knitting is a method for obtaining a two-dimensional textile after one yarn or string, similar to weaving. Threads in weaving are bilaterally symmetrical and run parallel either longitudinally (thread) or across weft strings. Knitted textiles, on the other hand, follow a wandering path (a particular sequence), generating symmetrical loops (also known as bights) equally above and below the yarn’s average path.

What is Purl?

Purling is seen as the polar opposite of knitting. A purl stitch’s front resembles that of a knit stitch’s reverse. Purl stitches are frequently used to create ridges in knitted fabric. Purl stitches are made from back to front rather than front to back like knit stitches. When knitting the stitch, the actual work is also preserved in front. Purl stitches appear on the cloth as a wavy straight axis.

When you come towards the nearing edge of your first column of knit threads (on a straight needle), you’ll see that the rear side is completely different from the front side. The purl pattern is the reverse side of the knit pattern. At the base of each stitch, rather than “v’s,” there are horizontal spikes. Let’s go through the complete method of purl stitching step by step.

  1. With your right and fingers, hold the active needle and your left hand, hold the other one.
  2. Insert the tip of the sewing needle into the first knot from underneath. Your needle must be pointed in the direction of your body.
  3. Thread the needle back through the ring. Keep the yarn that was just put on the tip in place the entire time.
  4. Continue this technique until you run out of threads with one loop on the active needle.

Main Difference between Knit and Purl

  1. In knit the working needle goes up and rear to the cloth whereas in purl the needle goes below and emerges in the front side of the cloth.
  2. Stitch done in the knit pattern creates a V shape whereas the stitch done in purl style creates a horizontal strip.
  3. A knit is called a reversed purl but vice versa is not commonly pronounced in the nomenclature of stitching and knitting.
  4. A Knit pattern is used on the front side of cloth whereas the purl technique is usually seen at the backside of the cloth.
  5. Knit is used to initiate a stitching pattern whereas purl style is used to close the stitch pattern.

Conclusion

If you want to know the difference between knit and purl, you should look at how both stitches are performed. The right needle is positioned behind the left needle in knit threads. A loop is formed by wrapping the yarn anticlockwise on the right needle but behind the left thread. The stitch is created by pulling the yarn through the ring. As a result, the back of a knit pattern seems to be a purl stitch, and the rear of a purl stitch appears to be a knit stitch. Knit and purl stitches have been always used to make simple knitted materials.

References

  1. http://www.catwalkyourself.com/fashion-dictionary/purl-knitting/
  2. https://www.yourdictionary.com/purling
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