Lok Sabha vs Rajya Sabha: Difference and Comparison

The country requires a governing body that looks upon all the order of laws and constitutional policies and terms that every citizen of the country must abide by.

The body legislating every policy decision is known as the Parliament of India. It consists of different governing body levels that exercise various roles and responsibilities. These are the other parts of the stories of the legislature.

Key Takeaways

  1. Lok Sabha, the lower house, has members directly elected by the people, while Rajya Sabha, the upper house, consists of representatives elected by state legislatures.
  2. Lok Sabha has more authority in financial and budgetary matters, while Rajya Sabha serves as a check on Lok Sabha’s power.
  3. The tenure of Lok Sabha members is five years, whereas Rajya Sabha members serve for six years, with one-third retiring every two years.

Lok Sabha vs Rajya Sabha

The Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Indian Parliament, with a maximum strength of 545 members and the power to introduce and pass bills and a vote of no-confidence against the government. The Rajya Sabha can review and amend bills passed by the Lok Sabha and initiate bills related to any subject under the Indian Constitution.

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The lower level of the legislature system is termed the Lok Sabha. The representatives get elected by the country’s people using their voting rights.

They have more decisive powers as the representatives get elected by the country’s people, and this takes place through the proper selection process.

Rajya Sabha is known as the upper house of the parliament. The elected representatives of the state councils and various assemblies indirectly elect the representatives of Rajya Sabha.

They do not have any definite period rather, it is a permanent bodies that cannot be dissolved. It has various powers and can also be called the council of states.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonLok SabhaRajya Sabha
MeaningThe representatives are elected indirectly through state representatives and not by fair elections.It has a period of 5 years, after that it gets changed again. It can also dissolute earlier in conditions.
PeriodIt has no such fixed period, nor it can be dissolved as it is a permanent body.In Lok sabha, the speaker is the usual head of the body.
Representative memberThe elected members of Lok Sabha need to have a minimum age of 25 years to become a member.As chairman of the body, the vice president of India leads the Rajya Sabha.
Minimum ageThe most minor age to become representative of Rajya Sabha is 30 years.The total number of members of the Lok sabha is 552 and it includes various representations from states and union territories.
StrengthThe total strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250, which includes representations from states and union territories and president nominations.The total strength of the Rajya Sabha is 250 which includes representations from states and union territories and president nominations.

What is Lok Sabha?

The lower level of the legislature system is termed the Lok Sabha, which is governed by the people indirectly. The citizens have the right to vote for their preferred candidates and elect them as a member of the Lok Sabha.

It has a total of 552 members, but a particular division of representation.

The representation includes 530 members elected from the state and reservation of member seats in union territories and nomination by the present from the different communities are 20 and 2, respectively.

A speaker leads the Lok Sabha as the speaker heads all decisions for the body. It has a period of five years. After that, the body members again get changed by making fair elections.

The body can be dissolved earlier also if any such conditions arise.

The lower house of the body has more power than the upper house of the legislature. The Lok sabha can approve or reject depending on the condition and initiate discussion on the money bill.

There are multiple functions of the Lok Sabha body, which includes financial matters, legislative decision, important executive control, different electoral procedures of elected members of the body, implementing different actions such as debate to create importance on public and other powers such as taking steps or any decisive force against any member of the body.

What is Rajya Sabha?

The upper level of the parliament that is in charge of the various decisions of the state in the legislature is known as the Rajya Sabha. That is the reason it is termed the Council of States.

The elected representatives of the state assembly and union territories select the members. There are no elections for this, and the people do not have voting rights.

It has a total strength of 250 members includes different representations from various categories.

It consists of 238 members who get their seats in Rajya Sabha indirectly by various representatives of state and territories, and there is a reservation of 12 seats for president nominations.

The Rajya Sabha leads by the vice president of India, and he is also recognized as the then chairman of the body. It cannot dissolve at any point as it is a permanent body with no certain period.

Retirement takes place for one-third of its members every year,, and new members get elected in the empty seats. There are specific fixed criteria to become a member of the upper house of the body.

This includes the most minor age is 30 years, and the elected member must have citizenship of the country.

Both houses of the parliament govern the powers, but there are certain powers that Rajya Sabha holds only.

These include the power to announce the subject list as an important national parameter and the ability to add or remove an All India Service accordingly.

Main Differences Between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha

  1. The Lok Sabha holds direct elections for voting by the people, but the members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by a process where the elected representatives from states select the person.
  2. The least age to be Lok Sabha member is set to be 25 years and for becoming Rajya Sabha member it is set to be 30 years.
  3. The Lok Sabha maintains a time for 5 years while the Rajya Sabha does not hold any time frame as it is indissoluble.
  4. The face of the Lok Sabha is the speaker whereas the vice president of India represents Rajya Sabha.
  5. The Lok Sabha body can be dissolved at a certain point for any reason but the Rajya Sabha cannot be dissolved under any condition.
  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23214979
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=0a2EG3HgV4kC&oi=fnd&pg=PA120&dq=Lok+Sabha+and+Rajya+Sabha&ots=LulOe99uAH&sig=YeU32965fOXmx3qy_vJeEf6KDFw

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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