Difference Between Management Accounting and Cost Accounting

Management Accounting is a type of accounting in which one needs to present and provide account-related information to the management in an organized and a proper way so that it can accomplish its administrative functions of the arrangement, supervising, and decision-making in a productive and in a well-ordered manner.

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Cost Accounting is a type of accounting that deals with recording, classifying, and summarizing costs for products or services, arrangement, controlling, and reducing costs and also helps in decision making.

Management Accounting vs Cost Accounting

The difference between Management Accounting and Cost Accounting is that Management accounting gives us all accounting details whereas Cost accounting gives us just cost details for managerial motive.

Management accounting vs Cost accounting

 

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonManagement AccountingCost Accounting
ObjectiveThe key objective of Management Accounting is to give useful details to management for decision-making.The key objective of Cost Accounting is to give deduce and control costs.
Types of TransactionsIt deals both with financial and non-financial transactions.It deals only with financial transactions.
BasisThis type of accounting purely deals with future transactions.This type of accounting deals both with present and future transactions.
ScopeManagement accounting has a wider scope as it covers the regions of financial accounts, cost accounts, and tax accounts.Cost accounting has a confined scope as it covers matters only related to control of cost.
UtilityManagement accounting helps just for the needs of intramural management.This accounting helps for the needs of both external and internal parties.

 

What is Management Accounting?

Management Accounting is a tool to help the management in securing better planning and control over the organization.

Many institutions hire very educated management accountants like ICMA, CIMA, ICWAI, etc. It purely works for internal parties and management.

What are the objectives of Management Accounting?

  1. Cash Flow Management
  2. To motivate the workforce
  3. Cost control
  4. To reduce tax expenses
  5. Better planning for future policies

What are the functions of Management Accounting?

  1. New product analysis
  2. Profitability
  3. Aids in Financial accounting
  4. Variance analysis
  5. Break-even analysis
management accounting
 

What is Cost Accounting?

Cost accounting is a type of accounting process that aims to apprehend a company’s cost of production by evaluating the input cost of each step of production as well as fixed cost such as the devaluation of capital appliances.

What are the objectives of Cost Accounting?

  1. Guide to business policies
  2. Ascertainment of Cost
  3. Cost reduction and cost control
  4. Determination of Selling price
  5. Estimation of Cost

What are the functions of Cost Accounting?

  1. To compute product-wise profit
  2. To calculate cost per unit
  3. To install and implement cost control systems
cost accounting

Main Differences Between Management Accounting and Cost Accounting

  1. In Cost Accounting, conservation of cost records has been made compulsory in some industries whereas, in Management Accounting, it is not made compulsory to conserve the cost records and made purely voluntary.
  2. Cost Accounting works only on short-range planning whereas Management Accounting works both on short-range and long-range planning.

References

  1. https://doc1.bibliothek.li/aaw/FLMF019840.pdf
  2. https://ejbe.org/EJBE2010Vol03No06p113UYAR.pdf
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